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American Romanticism

An English project about American Romanticism (1800-1860)
by

Kaylie Robinson

on 28 March 2013

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Transcript of American Romanticism

American Romanticism Kaylie Robinson
Patrick Beltran Transcendentalism "Brooding" Romantics "Brooding" Romantics Described "Brooding" Romantics: Authors Edgar Allan Poe Thoreau's Life On Principle Thoreau Emerson Quote Emerson Fireside Poets A Christmas Carmen John Greenleaf Whittier The Fireside Poets The Fireside poets were a group of five men who wrote romanticism poetry. They were called the Fireside poets because they wrote poems that were meant to be read around a fire. The five men were Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, John Greenleaf Whittier, Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr., and William Cullen Bryant. John Greenleaf Whittier was one of the five Fireside poets. He was born December 17, 1807 in Haverhill, Massachusetts. In the next two slides there will be given one of his poems that we did not go over in class. It is 'A Christmas Carmen.' In Emerson's "Self-Reliance," the title says it all. A principle from this is trust yourself. Your own soul is your highest authority, regardless of what the world might think or say. You must trust your own reasoning above everything else Thoreau lived by this principle in his "Civil Disobedience" with another title that gives a lot of answers. He lives out in the woods when he writes this, and he learns a lot while he's out there. “To be yourself in a world that is constantly trying to make you something else is the greatest accomplishment.”
- Ralph Waldo Emerson Thoreau had lived this principle in “Civil Disobedience”. He had done this because he had said that he believes that an individual doesn’t have to follow the conscience of the government or the majority. He also says that if there is a law that tells you that you have to follow the everything that they say, he says that you should break it The "brooding" romantics were "anti-transcendentalists." They look more deep and dark at humans. They look at the capacity of evil in humans also. But being romantics, they do emphasize on emotion, the individual, nature, and the unusual. Hawthorne and Poe incorporated bizarre situations, violent events, and grotesque characters in their stories which are Gothic elements. The three "brooding" romantic authors are Edgar Allan Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Herman Melville. Edgar Allan Poe was born January 19, 1809 in Boston, Mass. and died October 07, 1849 at 40 years of age. In 1820 he returned to Richmond and attended the University of Virginia. Poe had left school and served in the American Army for 2 years. He had done this because his foster father had gambling debts and Poe was unable to pay for his education. After his foster mother had died Poe lived with his aunt and his cousin Virginia Eliza Clem. Poe married Virginia in Richmond when she was 13. Later that same year they moved to New York City. After his wife had died in 1947 Poe turned to alcohol. He died on October 7 1949 and was buried in an unmarked grave in Old Westminster Burying Ground of Baltimore. Historical Timeline William Cullen Bryant publishes Thanatopsis 1817 1845 Edgar Allan Poe publishes The Raven and other poems 1841 Nathaniel Hawthorne publishes The Scarlet Letter 1850 Herman Melville publishes The Whale, or Moby-Dick 1851 Henry David Thoreau publishes Walden 1854 Sound over all waters, reach out from all lands,
The chorus of voices, the clasping of hands;
Sing hymns that were sung by the stars of the morn,
Sing songs of the angels when Jesus was born!
With glad jubilations
Bring hope to the nations!
The dark night is ending and dawn has begun:
Rise, hope of the ages, arise like the sun,
All speech flow to music, all hearts beat as one!
Sing the bridal of nations! with chorals of love
Sing out the war-vulture and sing in the dove,
Till the hearts of the peoples keep time in accord,
And the voice of the world is the voice of the Lord!
Clasp hands of the nations
In strong gratulations: The dark night is ending and dawn has begun;
Rise, hope of the ages, arise like the sun,
All speech flow to music, all hearts beat as one!
Blow, bugles of battle, the marches of peace;
East, west, north, and south let the long quarrel cease
Sing the song of great joy that the angels began,
Sing of glory to God and of good-will to man!
Hark! joining in chorus
The heavens bend o’er us!
The dark night is ending and dawn has begun;
Rise, hope of the ages, arise like the sun,
All speech flow to music, all hearts beat as one! A Christmas Carmen Transcendentalism was about the focus on the individual and one's own thoughts. Nathaniel Hawthorne Nathaniel Hawthorne was born on July 4, 1804 in Salem Massachusetts. He added a w to his last name which was originally Hathorne so people wouldn't know that he was related to John Hathorne who was a judge in the Salem Witch Trials. He was apart of the American Transcendentalists and had lived near Ralph Waldo Emerson a few times in his life. His uncle was Robert Manning and he had helped Hawthorne finance his education at Bowdoin College. During his life in college he had made many friends including Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Herman Melville The Modern Horror Film "Sinister" Synopsis The Tell-Tale Heart Video Ten years ago, true crime writer Ellison Oswald made his reputation with a best-selling account of a notorious murder. Now, desperate to replicate the critical and financial success of his first book, he moves his loyal wife, over-anxious son and artistic daughter into a home where a suburban family was brutally executed and a child disappeared, hoping to find inspiration in the crime scene. Instead he discovers a mysterious box containing Super 8 footage of the murders-plus several more equally gruesome homicides. As he watches the carnage unfold on film, Ellison realizes he has stumbled onto evidence of a decades-long killing spree. But rather than going to the local authorities, he keeps the movies to himself, hoping to publish another acclaimed book based on the crimes. As Ellison starts to piece together the mind-bending truth about the crimes and the murderer, unseen intruders and inexplicable goings-on disrupt his once peaceful household. Slowly, he begins to realize that his ambition has placed him and his family in the path of an ancient and bloodthirsty adversary who has marked them as his next victims. How "Sinister" Incorporates With "The Tell-Tale Heart" Provided by NCM Firstlook Online http://www.firstlookonline.com/movies/542302-Synopsis Like in the "Tell-Tale Heart" by Edgar Allan Poe, one of the children, a girl, killed her whole family like the man did to the old man who was in his care and was like his family. The man in Poe's short story became "possessed" by the ridding of the awful eye of the old man, very similar to the children in "Sinister" who were literally possessed. Second Period Goodson Ralph Waldo Emerson publishes his first collection, Essays, including Self-Reliance and The Over-Soul http://goanimate.com/videos/0RbXpfZ2xsTI?utm_source=linkshare&uid=0YoTREJQVcRM If video does not work my email is kaylie.kittens@gmail.com and the password is 8274664. If you wish to see the video and it does not work with this link, please log onto my account and look at it through there. Thanks. Herman Melville was born on August 1 1819 in New York City. His parents were Maria Gansevoort and Allan Melville. In 1835 Melville had attended Albany Classical School for one year before he had moved to Pittsfield Massachusetts so he could work on his uncle’s farm. Later Melville returned to New York and had a job as a cabin boy on a chip bound for Liverpool England. During his stay in the Marquesas Islands with his friend Richard Tobias Greene would provide much fodder for his future novels. On August 4 1847 Melville had married Elizabeth Shaw. They had 4 kids and their names were Malcolm, Stanwix, Elizabeth, and Frances. In 1850 the Melville and his family moved to what would be their home for the next thirteen years, 'Arrowhead' in Pittsfield, Berkshire County, Massachusetts. In that place Melville met Nathaniel Hawthorne, he would become a great friend to Melville. In 1863 Melville gave up the country life and moved to New York City. After moving there he had obtained a job at the New York Custom House and he remained there for 20 years. He died on September 28 1891 in his house and was buried next to his wife Elizabeth in Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, New York
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