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Utopias 7th grade Lit
Transcript of Utopias 7th grade Lit
Objective and Purpose
Today you will be able to compare and contrast an idea within a text with a real world example by creating a Venn diagram and your own utopia—presenting it to the class.
We are doing this because the idea of utopia and dystopia is central to the understanding of both the novel and real world events.
On your Do Now sheet:
Summarize in a few sentences the meaning of context. Why is it important when learning about new things?
What exactly is
The word utopia originated in the early 1500's and comes from the Greek word meaning "no place".
What does it mean?
Utopia is an imaginary place where everything is perfect.
The "ideal" community or society.
Historical Example - Nazi Germany
Leading figures: the National Socialists (Nazi party), Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Hiemler,
Origins: reaction to the economic conditions following WWI, began as a nationalistic movement, rejected communism
- based on the idea of racial purity
-the Aryan race was biologically superior and should rule
-Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, and the mentally ill were discriminated against
-they were considered enemies of the state
-hatred towards Jews traced back to the argument that the "Jews killed Jesus"
Take out your planners and in the literature section write the following:
Read the first 2 chapters of The Giver and takes notes about things you read about in Jonas’ world.
-briefly united the German people
-war initially brought an economic boom
-racial discrimination started out subtly, then escalated
-Jews were denied civic servant positions and their businesses were boycotted
-intermarriage outlawed to protect purity of race
-"malformed" children and the mentally ill were euthanized (do you remember any similar themes from our background lecture on the novel?)
-intensified as Germany gained territory in WWII
-systematic murders of 6 million Jews and hundreds of thousands of other groups deemed "undesirable" by the Nazis
7th grade Literature
Historical Example - Soviet Russia
Leading figures: Vladmir Lenin and Joseph Stalin
Origins: arose after the Russian Revolution, based on Marxist teachings, rejected the monarchy
Beliefs: sought equality and the eradication of the upper and middle classes' control of wealth
-large estates were split up and distributed among peasants
-workers took control of factories
-Russia was quickly industrialized
-collectivization of farms= many famines
-"equality" better in theory than in practice
-so government faced opposition and fought bloody civil wars
-power struggles ensued among leaders
-human rights abuses: labor camps, no fair trials, spying from secret police
How is the world of The Giver similar to a utopia?
Share one thing that you liked about another groups’ perfect world.
With your classmates...
With your partner, discuss what would be your interpretation of a utopia.
1. Draw what it would look like.
2. Explain what takes place in your utopia and what makes it a "perfect world."
In your own words, explain to your partner what utopia is.
Keep in mind...
Dystopia is an imperfect world where everything is as bad as it can be.
The main character, Jonas, lives in a utopia, where everything in his life is controlled and no one can make any decisions on their own.
Everything is organized so that nothing can ever go wrong.
Dystopia is NOT the opposite of utopia!
It is a commentary on the failed utopias of the world
More on that soon...