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Ch. 14 Narrative Therapy
Transcript of Ch. 14 Narrative Therapy
our knowledge of reality- organized & maintained through stories
replaced with metaphors of... Narrative Therapists believe.... Leading Figures Michael White- Dulwich Centre (Adelaide, Australia)
Trained social worker
social and political agenda
Social worker/family therapist
interest in anthropology & storytelling
introduced narrative metaphor to White
Therapeutic letters (extensions of conversation aimed at re-authoring lives
Social activist Self- Narratives and Cultural Naratives self- Narratives: (own story) stories we develop about our lives that shape or constitute our lives.
**clients re-author their lives, Narrative Therapists do not re-author people's lives.
Cultural Narratives: cultural stories, help influence and shape these personal narratives.
**Narrative Therapist attempt to engage families in conversations that discover, acknowlege, and support the deconstruction of the cultural beliefs and practices that help perpetuate the problem story. Narrative Metaphor clients can be helped to liberate themselves from destructive options or limiting or problem-saturated stories and to construct alternative stories that offer new options and possibilities for the future. Narrative Theory to achieve change people need to acquire other stories- rewrite their future story lines & actively change/reshape their lives.
consider alternate ways of examining values, assumptions, and meanings of their lives
create and internalize new stories
make new assumptions
open themselves to new views
new ways of behaving The Dominant Discourse or Story Our lives as multi-storied
new events -->previously established dominant story Poststructuralism and Deconstruction emerged from postructuralism and deconstruction
narrative therapist (Michael White) question the static surface/depth dichotomy.
rely on thin descriptions when we should be looking for thick descriptions
narrative therapist look for:ways to enhance the client's descriptions of his/her life and relationships.
Deconstruction (Jacques Derrida) in examining texts to indicate they have no single meaning.
Deconstruction -"takes place"
It is a quality of language itself
helps empower clients
powerful concept- There is always more to "be" and "say"
Narrative Therapist- help reexamine so-called truths about themselves and construct new narratives. Therapeutic Converstaions Thin and Thick Descriptions an anthropological concept (teachers, doctors, parents, clergy)
politically powerful or influential outside observers studying lives of other people, and are rarely informed by interpretations of those engaged in the actions being studied.
results in thin conlcusions (labeling)
fail to remember Elaborately presented and multi-storied (not labeled)
involve the views of the people or person whose lives are being discussed Narrative Therapist:
help them begin to view life as multi-storied (options/opportunities)
aim to help members expand their lives by changing their limiting and unsatisfying stories about themselves, each other and the world.
collaborating partners (w/clients) honoring stories and cultural background Externalizing the Problem Many likely to use internalize problems
White developed "externalizing conversations"
Help clients recognize they and the problem are NOT the same.
EXTERNALIZATIONS- separate the person's identity from the problem.
THE problem IS the problem!
How the problem has affected the family
Externalizing conversations are poststructural procedures that emphasize language and meaning to an experience.
Now they are presented with externalized view of the problem Therapeutic Questions "What" the person is experiencing and "how" the problem is being experienced
Describe problematic story then alternative story
Directed questions- view problem as something outside the family
Narratives therapist help families identify previously obscured subjugated stories (involving success/alternative views) by locating "facts" about themselves. Unique Outcomes Exceptional events, actions or thoughts contradicting their dominant problem-saturated story, when the problem did not defeat them.
Open doors to exploring alternative narratives- beginning of new family story line.
They may be a: Box 14.3 p. 407
* plan *action *feeling * statement * quality *desire *dream *thought *belief *ability *commitment Co-Constructing Alternative Stories Gain a sense of feasible, more open-ended, preferred stories.
Therapist helped build some scaffolding.
clients don't feel trapped by their problematic stories and have been helped to make other vistas visible.
Narrative Therapist encourages clients to tell and retell the preferred stories, thickening them by going to fine detail, interweaving them with the lives and stories of other people. Therapeutic Ceremonies and letters Ceremonies: opportunity to tell (perform) stories of their lives drawing attention on how they attribute meaning to their experiences
helps authenticate clients' preferred claims about themselves.
thicken alternative stories
promote the idea of options for actions that person at the center of the ceremony might not otherwise have considered.
outside witness group Letters: use letters sent to clients in a variety of therapeutic ways esp. in supplementing and extending therapeutic sessions and keeping clients connected to emerging alternative story
Letters of invitation
Letters of prediction
Not separate intervention but interwined
Letters render lived experiences into narrative form Forming Supportive Leagues Shared experiences
Anti-Anorexia/Anti-Bulimia League of Vancouver-- help people with these problems come together and support one another.
Body image and Lobbying purpose We've been sitting wayyyyyy too LONG!
let's get up and shake those wiggles! Peanut Butters on your left Jellies on your RIGHT 1. Following therapy, letters are written to the family that summarize the sessions, invite reluctant members to attend future sessions, and address the future. This serves the purpose of extending conversations while encouraging family members to record or map out their own futures. Therapeutic Letters 2. A postmodern procedure for gaining meaning by reexamining assumptions previously taken for granted, in the service of constructing new and unencumbered meanings. Deconstruction In the narrative approach, helping families view the problem or symptom as occurring outside of themselves, in an effort to mobilize them to overcome it. Externalizing Conversation Give an example of “externalizing the problem” and explain how this technique/philosophy is helpful to clients. Define a “unique outcome” and give an example of how it might be used in the course of narrative therapy.