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AMERICAN CIVIL WAR by Andie Urbina
Transcript of AMERICAN CIVIL WAR by Andie Urbina
2nd period 1492-Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus arrives in America Industrial Revolution During the 1800s, manufacturing rapidly changed the economies. The growth of technology and transportation helped enhance the economies of both the North and South. The problem with slavery was brought up during the early 1800s.
Abolitionists fought to end slavery from the whole nation, but they were shunned by the Southerners. The South argued back using the 5th Amendment and the unalienable rights to uphold their rights to own slaves. States' Rights States’ rights were another conflicting issue that enraged the nation, especially the South. The debate over which powers belonged to the states were brought up again with the issue of slavery. The abolitionists, mainly from the North, fought against slavery. The South resisted to the idea of no slaves and reacted by saying the 5th Amendment and the unalienable rights, from the Declaration of Independence, protected their rights to own slaves.
Another major problem over states’ rights were tariffs. Southerners believed that these tariffs were unfair. The situation grew worse after several panics, including the Nullification Crisis. The Nullification Crisis was a conflict between South Carolina and the federal government over the role of the national government. South Carolina argued that the tariffs that were enforced on them was unconstitutional and therefore would be nullified. Angered, the federal government threatened military action, but the conflict did not reach to the point of war. Westward Expansion The idea of manifest destiny spread throughout the nation. The admission of Missouri, Texas, and California had difficulty in entering into the Union. Conclusion The Civil War was . Many components led to the Civil War such as economy, politics, and slavery. The differences between the North and South progressed to conflicts as the nation became more industrialized and developed. The contrasting areas had too many unsettled problems that could not have been easily resolved.
The Civil War was the only way to ultimately settle their differences, regarding slavery. The North and South had too many issues and disagreements that could not have been easily resolved. It was hard for the two conflicting areas to get along. The two regions had very different ways of life and both needed certain things to make their economy work. 1861-1865 From the beginning of the formation of America, foreshadowing of a conflict was already anticipated. differences of the North and South over slavery states' rights Colonial Era Constitution Era and Early Republic Era During the Constitution to the Early Republic era, differences were set aside by the common interest of establishing a new nation. Although the United States declared independence from Great Britain, no one saw the United States as an independent nation. The United States had to fight a war between Great Britain to win its independence, which is known as the American Revolution.
As the Articles of Confederation was revised by the new Constitution, differences regarding slavery was brought up. Another problem that occurred in this era was political parties. The political parties were a key role that led the population to be divided. Industrial Revolution 1812-War of 1812 Manifest Destiny Westward Expansion led to a great conflict about slavery between the North and South. When the railroads were created, it opened an entrance to move westward and to create new states. When new states were admitted to the Union, the problem of slavery was brought up. States such as Missouri, Texas, Kansas, Nebraska, and California were accepted to the Union, but slavery was a big issue on these new states. The South wanted the new states to be slave states, but the North did not want to allow that. They had to keep a balance of free versus slave states. The Missouri Compromise was a process that kept the control of freed versus slave states. When Missouri entered the Union as a slave State, Maine entered as a free state. This compromise still kept the balance.
A couple decades later, the idea of keeping the balance disappeared. California was accepted to the Union under a compromise. The Compromise of 1850 admitted California as a free state, but the solution angered the Southerners. The South argued that most of California was below the Mason-Dixon line, which was a line that divided the North and the South, so California should have been a slave state. The South was slightly content, because the Compromise of 1850 enforced the Fugitive Slave Act. The Fugitive Slave Act declared that all runaway slaves are to be returned to their masters. In this era, enmity significantly grew especially with the issue of slavery. The expansion of the United States created sectionalism, which was one of the main causes of the war. The Civil War was not preventable. 1607- Jamestown Colonists settle in Jamestown
No gold was found, but the settlers learned to grow tobacco
Representative government: House of Burgesses 1620- Plymouth Pilgrims who boarded the Mayflower landed at Plymouth
Mayflower Compact: settlers pledged loyalty to England North South Differences between the North and South hard soil
focused mainly on subsistence farming, fishing, shipbuilding, trade on natural resources rich soil
economy based on farming and plantations
relied on cash crops for revenue
used slavery Both areas were still owned by England In the Colonial Era, the North and South were already very different. The geography was different therefore causing differences in economy. From the beginning of the formation of America, foreshadowing of a conflict was already anticipated. Road to Independence A spirit of independence grew in the American people. The new settlers began to establish their own laws and their own ways of running the country. 1754-French and Indian War rivalry between France and England , with the Native Americans over the competition of wealth 1763-Treaty of Paris ended the conflict between France and Great Britain 1774-First Continental Congress the organization of 55 men that met together to form a political party and represent American interest 1776-Declaration of Independence July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was signed, thus starting the war between Great Britain and the colonies Great Britain was in debt from the war with France, so Great Britain taxes the colonies, sends troops to the colonies, and passes the Coercive Act. These anger the colonists, so they decide to declare independence. Another problem that progressed in this era was the formation of political parties. The ,which were strongest in the North, was in favor of a federal government, manufacturing, national banking, rule by the wealthy, and tariffs. Federalists The
were in favor of a state government, agriculture, state banking, rule by the people, and free trade. Democratic Republicans A More Perfect Union 1777-Articles of Confederation the leaders of the new United States worked to outline the government 1787-Northwest Ordinance established the expansion of states in the western territories
first attempt to stop the spread of slavery
new states were formed 1787-Revision of the Articles of Confederation delegates came together to create revise the Articles of Confederation
The Great Compromise handled the issue of the representation in the House of Representatives
The Three-Fifths Compromise dealt with the issue of counting slaves
The Slave Trade resolved the issue of trading slaves. The North agreed to leave the problem, of slavery, alone until 1808. Outcomes of the War of 1812 include the creation of the Star Spangled Banner by Francis Scott Key, a sense of unity in the whole nation, and the demand for cotton. 1793-Cotton Gin Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin; this boomed the production of cotton in the South and the manufacturing of textiles in the North.
The invention of the cotton gin created a higher demand of slaves. 1807-Invention of the practical steamboat Robert Fulton designs the first practical steamboat A great difference between the North and the South was their views towards slavery. The South argued to keep the slaves, because the Southerners believed that the slaves were essential to their economy.
The North flourished with the development, especially with railroads and factories. Despite the cotton production, the South was still less industrialized than the North. States' Rights Slavery Tariffs Westward Expansion States' Rights Missouri Compromise of 1820- Missouri enters the Union as a slave state
Maine enters as a free state
Slavery is prohibited in the rest of the Louisiana Purchase above the Mason Dixon Line Compromise of 1850- California is entered to the Union as a free state
New Mexico Territory will have no say on slavery
New border in Texas and Mexico (1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo claimed that Mexico saw the Texas-Mexican border at the Rio Grande)
Slave trade , not slavery, was banned in Washington DC
The Fugitive Slave Act was strongly enforced Kansas-Nebraska Act- Stephen A. Douglas introduced the idea of popular sovereignty towards the choice between slave or free state. This allowed the population of Kansas and Nebraska to decide.
This lead to a violent outbreak between the proslavery and antislavery groups in Kansas. The riots came to be known as "Bleeding Kansas". Political Parties Railroads opened the door to expand westward. But the issue of slavery spread to the new states. compelled to happen The Civil War was not preventable. The Civil War was bound to happen.