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Transcript of Verbals!
3rd academic A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Gerunds A form that is derived from a verb but that functions as a noun, in English ending in -ing a form regularly derived from a verb and functioning as a noun A Gerund is a verb when it acts as a noun; gerunds can act as the subject or object of a main verb. Gerunds are special forms of verbs that have nominal usages. What is a "gerund" ? A gerund is a verbal, but it is disguised as
a noun. They end in -ing. It is based on a verb,
and it expresses action or a state of being. It can function as? A subject (Running is good for your health.)
Direct object (Most people hate running.)
Subject complement (My daily exercise is running.)
Object of preposition (I get more fit by running.) Then what is a gerund phrase? A gerund phrase begins with a gerund, a word ending with -ing, and will include other modifiers and/or objects. Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. Participles A word formed from a verb and used as an adjective or a noun. An adjective or complement to certain auxiliaries that is regularly derived from the verb in many languages and refers to participation in the action or state of the verb. a nonfinite form of verbs, in English and other languages, used adjectivally and in the formation of certain compound tenses A participle is an adjective (descriptive word) made from a verb. What are participles? They are verbals that function as an adjective. They
come in two varieties: past and present. What do they function as? Components of multipart verbs (My little brother has been eating a lot!) Been is the past participle, eating is the present participle, and has is an auxiliary verb.
Adjectives (This eating monster is my brother...) It answers "which?" It describes nouns.
Nouns (Eating makes him happy.) Eating is the subject. Present participles that function as nouns become a gerund. Past VS Present Past participles of regular
verbs end in ed, although
the past participles of
irregular verbs vary
depending on the verb.
Present participles ends in ing. Infinitives A verbal--usually preceded by the particle to--that can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. a verb form found in many languages that functions as a noun or is used with auxiliary verbs The infinitive usually occurs with 'To', except after an auxiliary or modal verb. the infinitive of a verb is its basic form with or without the "to" (examples: to be, be) What is an infinitive? An infinitive begins with "to" followed by the simple form of a verb. Always remember this formula: to + verb = infinitive It can function as: Nouns (I would hate to work on my birthday!) It is a noun because it is the direct object of the verb, hate.
Adjectives (I should be given a cake to eat instead.) It modifies the noun, cake.
Adverbs (I should get sick to stay at home!) It explains why. What is an infinitive phrase? An infinitive phrase begins with an infinitive followed by objects and/or modifiers.
To hate the movie
To kick a table
To open a door
To love a song
To hug a teddy
To write a poem THANK YOU for viewing my presentation c: What is a verbal? WHat What is a verbal? A verbal is a verb form that functions in a sentence as a noun or a modifier rather than as a verb.
In other words, it's a verb that disguises itself as something else...
There are 3 verbals that you will learn about today:
gerunds, participles, and infinitives.