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Cervical Cancer: Health
Transcript of Cervical Cancer: Health
regular Pap smear
Limit sexual partners you have
Quit smoking, avoid secondhand smoke.
If sexually active, use a condom.
Follow up on abnormal Pap smears. Signs & Symptoms Early Detection
There are rarely any symptoms.
diagnosed in its early stages by a routine Pap smear
usually no symptoms would indicate cancer
This is why having a regular Pap smear is vital to early detection Pelvic pain
Pain unrelated to other conditions, menstruation, or physical exertion
Pain during sexual intercourse
Abnormal vaginal bleeding.
Women should be aware of bleeding after sex, bleeding after douching, heavy periods, heavy spotting between periods, or another period during the monthly cycle.
In advanced cervical cancer, a vaginal discharge may be present and may or may not have an odor. Risk Factors Human Papilloma virus (HPV) Viral infection spread through skin to skin sexual contact Giving birth to many children.
Having many sexual partners.
Having first sexual intercourse at a young age.
Oral contraceptive use ("the Pill").
Weakened immune system.
Survival Rates about 11,270 new cases of invasive cervical cancer will be diagnosed.
about 4,070 women will die from cervical cancer. Stage IA: 96-98%
Stage IB: 80-90%
Stage II: 65-69%
Stage III: 40-43%
Stage IV: 15-20%
5 Year survival rate Treatment
Removing the cancer in an operation
Uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing
Treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing Cryotherapy
Freezes a section of the cervix.
often done to destroy abnormal cervical cells that show changes that may lead to cancer New Cases Cervical cancer is rare, even among women who do have HPV . The American Cancer Society estimates about 12,200 new cases of cervical cancer will be diagnosed this year. 2009:
New cases: 11,270
Pretreatment surgical staging
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy