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Lexical-functional Grammar

"Interdisciplinary Syntax" presentation 06-06-13
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Julia Anonym

on 25 June 2013

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Transcript of Lexical-functional Grammar

Foundation A new concept constituent-structure functional structure conclusion Lexical Structure lexical entry = word meaning,
argument structure,
grammatical functions Problems with former approaches Lexical-
Functional
Grammar Lexical-functional grammar = c-structure

"corresponding to the superficial phrase structure tree" - Neidle

"indicates the hierarchical composition of words into larger units" - Wescoat

language-dependent = f-structure

"language-independent content, including the roles and functions of arguments and predicators, abstracting away from their linear order and constituency." - Bresnan

f-structure --> several possible c-structures . - a presentation by Aglaia Tziafalia
Julia Nienaber
Joana Efing Solution Transformational Grammar

parsability Universal Grammar

learnability . "A more natural way of representing underlying grammatical relations"
- Kaplan 1970s
Joan Bresnan + Ronald M. Kaplan

two parallel levels of syntactic representation: c-structure and
f-structure Mary hit examples: ( PRED)= [meaning of "Mary"]
( NUM)= -PL
( GEND)= +FEM ( PRED)= [meaning of "hit"] <Subj, Obj> no empty categories Trans. Gr. LFG wellformedness conditions correspondences relation between c- and f-structure given by
a function relating c-structure nodes to the
f-structure integration of UG

language-independent

surface constituents = units of phonological interpretation

allows long-distance dependencies and movement of elements completeness (e.g. John gives me.)

coherence (e.g. David yawned the sink.)

consistency (e.g. The boys is kissing the girl.) BERWICK, ROBERT C. (1982). “Computational Complexity and Lexical Functional Grammar”. American Journal of Computational Linguistics 8 (3-4). Massachusetts: Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 97-109.
BRESNAN, JOAN (2000). “Optimal Syntax”. In: Dekkers, Joost; van der Leeuw, Frank; van der Weijer, Jeroen (eds.). Optimality Theory: Phonology, Syntax and Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 334-385.
BRESNAN, JOAN (1978). “A Realistic Transformational Grammar”. In: Halle, Morris; Bresnan, Joan; Miller, George A. (eds.). Linguistic Theory and Psychological Reality. Cambridge: MIT Press. 1-59.
DALRYMPLE, MARY (2001). Syntax and Semantics. Lexical Functional Grammar. Bingley: Emerald. Chapter 2: Functional Structure. pp. 7-44.
DALRYMPLE, MARY (2001). Syntax and Semantics: Lexical Functional Grammar. Bingley: Emerald. Chapter 3: Constituent Structure. pp. 45-68.
FALK, YEHUDA N. (2001). Lexical-Functional Grammar: An Introduction to Parallel Constraint-Based Syntax. Stanford: Center for the Study of Language and Information. Chapter 1: Welcome to Lexical-Functional Grammar. pp. 1-31.
FALK, YEHUDA N (2001). Lexical-Functional Grammar: An Introduction to Parallel Constraint-Based Syntax. Stanford: Center for the Study of Language and Information. Chapter 2: Constituent Structure. pp. 35-55.
HALVORSEN, PER-KRISTIAN and RONALD M. KAPLAN (1995). “Projections and Semantic Description in Lexical-Functional Grammar”. In: Dalrymple, Mary et al. (eds.). Formal Issues in Lexical-Functional Grammar. Stanford: Center for the Study of Language and Information. 279-292.
JOHNSON, MARK (1998). Optimality-theoretic Lexical Function Grammar. Presented to the 11.th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing. Rutgers University.
KAPLAN, RONALD M. (1994). “The Formal Architecture of Lexical-Functional Grammar”. In: Dalrymple, Mary et al. (eds.). Formal Issues in Lexical-Functional Grammar. Stanford: Center for the Study of Language and Information. 7-27.
KAPLAN, RONALD M. and JOAN BRESNAN (1994). “Lexical-Functional Grammar: A Formal System for Grammatical Representation”. In: Dalrymple, Mary et al. (eds.). Formal Issues in Lexical-Functional Grammar. Stanford: Center for the Study of Language and Information. 29-130.
KAPLAN, RONALD M. and MAXWELL III, JOHN T. (1995). “Constituent Coordination in Lexical- Functional Grammar”. In: Dalrymple, Mary (ed.). Formal Issues in Lexical Functional Grammar. Stanford: Center for the Study of Language and Information. 199-210.
KROEGER, PAUL R. (2004). Analyzing Syntax: A Lexical-Functional Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Chapter 1: Three aspects of syntactic structure. pp. 1-21.
NEIDLE, CAROL (1996). Lexical Functional Grammar. Boston University. pp. 1-21.
WESCOAT, MICHAEL T. (1987). “Practical Instructions for Working with the Formalism of Lexical Functional Grammar”. In: Bresnan, Joan (ed.). The Lexical Functional Grammar. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. 1-39. Bibliography Thank you
for your
attention!
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