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Cold War Leaders

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Kevin Le

on 10 December 2014

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Transcript of Cold War Leaders

Harry Truman
Harry Truman was the president who witnessed the end of WW2 and the beginning of the Cold War. Truman did not want the spread of Communism to happen, so he implemented the Truman Doctrine. It stated that they were not going to let Communism influence any other countries, so they contained Communism in Europe, and especially in the Soviet Union. This doctrine also stated that it will aid any country threatened by communism. Truman also implemented the Marshall Plan, which was also called the European Recovery Program, lent over $13 billion to help aid the economic recovery of Europe. This successfully restored the economic stability of Europe. In 1949, Truman supported the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). NATO was an alliance which included democratic nations. Truman's final international affiliation was aiding South Korea when the communists of Northern Korea were trying to take over. He sent airplanes, ships, and troops to help aid the South Koreans, but was not supported by the American population.
Joseph Stalin
Joesph Stalin was the dictator of the Soviet Union. Some argue that Joseph Stalin caused the Cold War. He established Communist governments throughout Europe. He was the leader of the arms war, which was a competition between the Soviets and the United Stated about who can get the best weapon, best military, and best weapons technology. He supported North Korea in the take over of South Korea. Stalin also influence Mao Zedong, the Communist leader of the People's Republic of China.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight Eisenhower took office right after Harry Truman. Eisenhower was the representative leader for the United States in NATO. Eisenhower signed an armistice, which is like a truce to stop fighting, ending the Korean War. For security purposes, Eisenhower sent the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to do undercover work in Communist countries. Eisenhower wanted to end the hostility between the Communist Soviet Union, so he proposed the "open skies" policy. This policy would let the United States do inspections of their military programs and letting the Soviets do the same, but they did not like the idea and rejected it. To prevent the continuous rising of Communism to other countries, Eisenhower was successful in strengthening NATO, which lead to the creation of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
Joesph R. McCarthy
Fidel Castro
Fidel Castro was the one of the leaders when taking over Cuba from the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista. Castro nationalized all US owned businesses, which lead the end of the diplomatic relationship between the US and Cuba. This also caused the embargo that is still on Cuba. The US tried to invade Cuba because of this, and the battle was called the Bay of Pigs, but it went horribly wrong for the US. The US had to give medical supplies and baby food in exchange for the captured soldiers. When Castro was in power, he abolished legal discrimination, provided employment, provided electricity throughout most of Cuba, improved schools and healthcare. Although it may sound like he did beneficial things to help Cuba, shut down opposing newspaper, jailed many political opponents, and stopped anythings and anyone that tried to oppose his power.
Leaders Of The Cold War
By: Kento Moraga & Kevin Le
TT:2:00-3:15
History 106

Brief Introduction
The end of the Second World War did not end as peacefully as everyone though it did. There were growing tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. The battle for power and influence over sections of Europe would escalate into conflict which would be named the "Cold War". Our presentation will list several key figures/terms during the Cold War era.
Winston Churchill
Nikita Khrushchev
Lyndon B. Johnson
Richard Nixon
Ronald Reagan
George H. Bush
Margret Thatcher
Perestroika and Glasnost
Perestroika and Glasnost refer to policies enacted to help fix several problems within the Soviet Union. Perestroika is essentially the rebuild of political and economic sections of Soviet society. For example some elections shared commonality of those found in Democratic nations. Glasnost was reformations to allow for more rights and freedoms to be bestowed upon the citizens of the Soviet Union. These two main reformations occurred near the end of the Cold War.
Margaret Thatcher played a very important role in helping end the Cold War. She was able to develop special relationships with Ronald Reagan and Gorbachev. Her power and influence throughout Eastern Europe made her a power to be reckoned with, she helped resolve the Cold War conflict, and putting an end to the U.S.S.R.
George H. Bush was pivotal during the end of the Cold War and the fall of the Soviet Union. Bush slowed down the speed of negotiations between the Soviet Union and America, as he distrusted the Russians. However, Bush would come to trust Gorbachev and his promise of taking out his Nuclear arsenal, this would help ease the tension between the two nations.
Ronald Reagan was probably one of the more essential figures in the deescalation of the Cold War. While being dismissed by critics on his sides. Reagan truly wanted to put a halt to nuclear weapon. He and Gorbachev agreed to massive arms reductions, turning down the intensity of the cold war. Along with that, Reagan helped Gorbachev push his agendas in reformation for Russia.
Richard Nixon was crucial in bringing down the tension of the cold war. First, Nixon was able to end hostility with the Chinese, and reopen diplomatic relationships with the country. Then Nixon was able to relieve tensions with Soviet Union when he signed a arms-limitation treaty with the nation tuning down the Cold War even more. Nixon was able top open a period of time known as "Detente", a period of relaxed and tuned down relations between nations.
Lyndon B. Johnson was considered to be mostly responsible for two critical events during the Cold War. His war in Vietnam in order to prevent the spread of Communism drew harsh criticism at home and resulted thousands of American lives. Johnson is also attributed to both the start and end of the space race between Russia and the United States.
Khrushchev lead the Soviet Union during the height of the Cold War. He aimed to live in harmony with the Western world, but contradicted those ideas when he instigated some powerful events. These events he was involved in would be the Cuban Missile Crisis and the construction of the Berlin Wall to name a few. He helped to both stabilize and threaten the relationship of the west and Russia.

Cole, Joshua, and Carol Symes. Western Civilizations: Their History & Their Culture. 18th ed. Vol. 2. New York: W.W. Norton, 2013. Print.
"The Cold War Museum." Cold War Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2014. <http://www.coldwar.org/articles/80s/glasnostandperestroika.asp>.
Kaplan, Fred. "How Reagan Won the Cold War." Slate Magazine. N.p., 9 June 2004. Web. 09 Dec. 2014. <http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/war_stories/2004/06/ron_and_mikhails_excellent_adventure.2.html>.
"Nikita Khrushchev." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/cold-war/nikita-sergeyevich-khrushchev>.
Ogorodnev, Igor. "Ogorodnev,." Www.rt.com. RT, 9 Apr. 2013. Web. 08 Dec. 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Frt.com%2Fop-edge%2Fthatcher-ussr-cold-war-gorbachev-528%2F>.
Nikita Khrushchev
Lyndon B. Johnson
Richard Nixon
Ronald Reagan
George H. Bush
Margaret Thatcher
Perestroika and Glasnost
Those Who Changed the Course of History
Picture References
http://spartacus-educational.com/RUSkhrushchev.JPG
http://freepatriot.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/37_Lyndon_Johnson_3x4.jpg
http://media1.shmoop.com/media/images/large/nixon.jpg
http://www.conservapedia.com/images/thumb/a/ac/Aaag.jpg/300px-Aaag.jpg
http://nicd.arizona.edu/sites/default/files/members/photo_george_bush.jpg
http://us.hellomagazine.com/imagenes/profiles/margaret-thatcher/6043-margaret-thatcher.jpg
http://skoob.s3.amazonaws.com/livros/113635/GLASNOST_E_PERESTROIKA_1278332749P.jpg
Introduce Key Players
What They Did
Role in the Cold War
OBJECTIVE
Winston Churchill was the Prime Minister of England. Churchill was warned the British people and the United States about the rise Communism. He has notified countries that the Iron Curtain has been created. The Iron Curtain was created by the Soviets, and it is a political, ideological, and military barrier splitting the Communist and non-communist parts of Europe. As the Prime Minister of Europe, he spent the second half of his term trying to demolish the hostility between eastern and western Europe, but was not too successful.
Joseph McCarthy was a Republican Senator from Wisconsin. During the time McCarthy was Senator, there was a scare that Communist spies have infiltrated the United States government. During a speech that McCarthy gave, he waved a piece of paper saying that it was a list containing 205 members of the communist party who have infiltrated the US government. The Senate sets up an investigation, and it turns out that the information he provided was false, which lead to his approval rating going down. Even though this happened, he kept on pleading his case that people should be scared of Communist spies in the government.
Who We Will Be Discussing About
Harry Truman
Winston Churchill
Joseph Stalin
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Joseph McCarthy
Fidel Castro
John F. Kennedy
Nikita Khrushchev
Lyndon B. Johnson
Richard Nixon
Ronald Reagan
George H. Bush
Margaret Thatcher
Perestroika and Glasnost
"The Cold War isn't Thawing; it is burning with a deadly heat.
Communism
isn't sleeping; it is, as always, plotting, scheming, working, fighting"
-Richard Nixon, 1964
Harry Truman
Winston Churchill
Joseph Stalin
Dwight Eisenhower
Joseph McCarthy
Fidel Castro
Those Who Changed the Course of History
www.alphahistory.com
http://fineartamerica.com/featured/harry-truman-everett.html
http://www.forbes.com/sites/paulrodgers/2014/11/30/sir-winston-churchills-funny-science/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dwight_D._Eisenhower
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_McCarthy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Stalin
REFERENCES
Full transcript