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The Battle Of Hunayn
Transcript of The Battle Of Hunayn
Done by: Sameera Kalsli
PEOPLE TO REMEMBER!!!
At-Ta'if city is a city in Makkah in Saudi Arabia.
It is a city filled with many mountains.
Al-Ta'if city is surrounded with fortress of walls.
The city is 50 miles south of Makkah, and is the home of Thaqeef, which is a clan of the Arabian tribe of Hawazin. That’s where the Muslims were heading on their march to Makkah.
The only 2 battles mentioned in the Quran are:
• The battle of Badr
• The battle of Hunayn
1. To learn about the tribe of Hawazin
2. To be able to learn and explain the following about the battle of Hunayn
• The events before the battle
• The events during the battle
• The conclusion of the battle
3. Appreciate the importance and the virtue of courage, and to recognize the danger to quit or escape, mainly at difficult times.
4. Realize Islam’s high war ethics.
5. To recognize two hadeeths:
• The hadeeth about the people born according to Fitrah.
• The hadeeth about the 3 attitudes that may save a person, and the 3 destructive sins.
THE PEOPLE OF HAWAZIN
The people of Hawazin were all strong idol worshippers. They had such hatred to the Muslims and to the prophet himself.
When the prophet visited their city to call them to Islam, they disbelieved and threw rocks at him until he bleed.
After all the cruel acts of the Tribe of Hawazin, the prophet still had hope that God will lead them to the true faith.
The people of Thaqeef and Hawazin were related. (However Thaqeef were more nomadic)
HAWAZIN PREPARED FOR WAR
After the powerful army of Muslims liberated Makkah, Hawazin became worried.
Because the thought the prophet would then come to their city for revenge. They also had good relations with the Quraysh. As a result, they set up their own army of
twenty thousand men
. Also they wanted to take down the Prophet, all the Muslims, and even the new converters to islam because they felt weak and jealous, and wanted to regain the power of Arabia.
It was the eighth year of Hijrah, on the tenth of Shawal (two weeks after liberating Makkah) when the Muslims headed towards their enemy. The Muslim army grew incredibly mostly because of the new converters from Quraysh. The Muslims themselves were about ten thousand from Madinah, and the new Makkans (mostly Muslims, but some were not) that participated in the army were about two thousand. So the army had a total of approximately
strong soldiers. As a result, shaytan made the Muslims become over confidential and superior due to their large and victorious army. Instead of putting their power in Allah they put in themselves. It was the hugest Muslim army ever created, unlike the battle of Badr with only about 300 soldiers. Allah mentions in the Quran, Surat-At-Tawba, that quantity is nothing without the will of Allah (SWT)
Malik Ibn Awf
was a young man (in his 30’s) he was smart, brave, and the leader of the big tribe of Hawazin, however he had his weaknesses: he never accepted anyone’s advice.
Malik was stubborn and determined to winning the battle, so he decided that the women and children would join the rear of the army
He thought this way; the men will have more strength and courage, and will not escape from the battle.
HAWAZIN'S WAR PLAN!!
, a wise old man, questioned his act, and warned him of the danger; they can die or be sent as prisoners if they loose, but Malik refused.
Malik wanted to check on the Muslim army, so he sent 3 men. The Muslims were dressed in white, looking like angels, just like the time of the battle of Badr. The three men were afraid and told Malik Ibn Awf that they shouldn’t fight. Malik became angry and put them all in jail.
As a result Malik prepared a surprise attack by setting up thousands of soldiers of to stay at the top of mountains and attack when instructed.
Avoid being a quitter and a coward; always be courageous especially during hardships.
number of soldiers: 1000 men
faith: NO faith
leader: Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)
number of soldiers 300 men
faith: faith in Allah (swt)
2ND YEAR OF HIJRAH
Believers (Muslims) with 950 fighters
Disbelievers (Quraysh) with 3000 fighters
For Muslims: Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
For Quraysh: Abu Sufyan
who won the battle???
THE BATTLE OF UHUD
3RD YEAR OF HIJRAH