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How does nutrition differ in an urban area versus a suburban

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patrick corrigan

on 3 February 2014

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Transcript of How does nutrition differ in an urban area versus a suburban

How does nutrition differ in an urban area versus a suburban area?
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
West Hartford
Urban areas house 3.2 billion people out of the 7 billion people in the world.

Cities population is increasing exponentially. In 1800, there were only two cities in the world with
a population of a million. Now, there are places like New york city that have a population of 8 million.

Urban areas are predicted to have about a billion more people by 2025.

These people are more likely to contract all sorts of health issues, like heart problems, hypertension, and diabetes if they live in a environment with bad health.
My capstone is on the difference in nutrition in a suburb versus a city. I chose to use Hartford and West Hartford as my examples for urban and suburban nutrition. I looked at mostly sources obtained from the internet. I did two interviews as well. I thought that, in general, Hartford was not as healthy as West Hartford.
Capstone
West Hartford is the suburb of Hartford.

It has a total of seven full service grocers, where you can get quality healthy food.

It has no bodegas that sell junk food and unhealthy food items.

Also, there are many family owned restaurants and only a few large fast food chains.
I think that this is the most prominent reason that West Hartford seems to be healthier than Hartford. It is the fact that healthy, diverse food is not as available as junk food brings down the environment's health.
Why it matters



Hartford has one full service grocery store, a Super Stop & Shop.

It has about 7 bodegas that sell food like Oreos, chips, and some produce.

It has small grocers, like C town, that aren't as diverse as a full service grocery store but still sell produce and vegetables.

Hartford also has 44.5 % of children under 18 living in poverty.
Hartford
This is another reason that I think that Hartford is not as healthy as West Hartford.

The fact that unhealthy food stores are more abundant than healthy food stores contributes negatively to Hartford's overall health.
Poverty
Another contributing factor to the overall health of Hartford and West Hartford is poverty.

Hartford has 44.5 percent of children under 18 living in poverty.
This is almost half of Hartford's young citizens.

West Hartford's neighborhoods have a maximum of 21.1 percent of poverty.

There is proven to be a correlation between poverty and bad nutrition. This is because junk food and other food items with poor nutritional value are much cheaper than food that is nutritional correct, and junk food is much more readily available than healthy food.

Since Hartford has so much poverty, this must be a very large reason that Hartford has poor nutrition.
My thesis
I believe that Hartford, the urban area is the less healthy out of West Hartford and Hartford.

This is for several reasons, like the availability of healthy food and the poverty rates in Hartford.

This affects the world very much. If cities don't have good nutrition, then many people in the world are living somewhere without good nutrition.


Connections to STEM
Science- there are food sciences, and removing pollution from urban soil. That involves jobs like obesity researcher or environmental scientist.

Technology- food preservation and storage will have jobs like a refridgerator designer, or a food preservation specialist.

Engineering- designing buildings that could sustain roof top gardens, and improved transportation routes to deliver food more efficiently. This has jobs like architect and transportation engineers.

Math- if you want statistics on something food related, or want to know the amount of calories in your food you need math. This has jobs like surveyor, doctor, or a dietician.
What is happening currently
Hartford is improving its health. It has a farmer's market and grocery stores will expand to cities soon.

Scientists know that cities are not very healthy, and attribute that to the many reasons that I have stated.

There are some controversial views on this matter, like the Atlantic magazine saying that junk food is not as bad for us as society would like us to think.
Bodega
This is a bodega I visited. It was located on Ashley Street in Hartford. On the left, there is an outside shot of the bodega, and on the right is their produce section.
Full service grocery store
This is a full service grocery store called Whole Foods on Raymond Road in West Hartford.
Comparison
To show the difference between where Hartford residents have to get their food, and where West Hartford residents get their food, I have provided you with a picture of a bodega's produce section and a full service grocery store's.
Small grocer
This is a small grocer in Hartford. This is the type of grocer where most Hartford residents get the majority of their produce and meat.
Food from the markets
2 Bananas from Whole Foods- 1.40

2 Bananas from C-town- .41

2 Bananas from Stop & Shop (Hartford)- .40

2 Bananas from Sigourney market- .70
The bananas from whole foods were the most expensive, but they were also the best quality bananas I bought out of the four stores listed.

Stop & Shop was the next best in quality, and it had the third largest price.

Sigourney Market had bananas that were mediocre in quality, and sold for .70, a large price compared to Stop & Shop and C-town.
Bodegas
Solution
I think that more full service grocery stores should be built in cities.

This will make healthy food much more available to urban populations, increasing the good nutrition of the atmosphere.

Also, efforts should be made to preserve food better, because as you can see from the bananas, food is not preserved very well in some cases.

There should be an effort to make good food cost just a small bit less, so people in poverty would be able to access it more.
Transportation is another issue.

Driving from Hartford to West Hartford or the Super Stop & Shop takes up resources, like money and time, especially if you live in downtown Hartford.

The bus routes in Hartford don't go from north to south. This is a problem if you want to get to the Super Stop & Shop or West Hartford.


Transportation
Knowledge about my topic
It is known that cities aren't as healthy as suburbs. It is also known that there is a correlation between poverty and bad health.

Also, junk food causes health problems like hypertension and diabetes.

It is also widely understood that cities are growing in population rapidly, and that there are 3.2 billion people living in urban populations today.
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