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THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

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noelle woodward

on 2 April 2013

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Transcript of THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

CMQ: How did the American Revolution lead to the creation of the United States? The American Revolution Causes of the American Revolution
Review Battle of Bunker Hill
June 16, 1775 The French and Indian War cost a lot of money
The colonists were taxed to help pay for the war
The Proclamation of 1763 said the colonists could not settle land west of the Appalachian Mountains
Tension rose
Sons of Liberty formed
Boycotts began
The First Continental Congress & the Declaration of Rights To warn the colonists of the British attack
"One if by land, two if by sea"
Paul Revere played a key part in the events leading up to the Battles of Lexington and Concord. On April 18, 1775 Paul Revere rode from Boston to Lexington with William Dawes to warn the patriots the British were coming to capture their leaders and their military supplies. After reaching Lexington, Revere, Dawes and Samuel Prescott rode on to warn those along the way to Concord, but they were stopped by a British patrol. Dawes escaped and turned back toward Lexington. Prescott escaped and went on to Concord. Paul Revere was captured by the patrol and questioned, but was later abandoned as the Battle of Lexington Green began. In addition, Paul Revere had made the journey to Lexington and Concord two days before as well, to warn the patriots that the British would be moving soon. Because of this trip, people across the countryside were already prepared for action when the troops actually moved on the 18th and most of the ammunition had already been removed from Concord. Ride of Paul Revere
April 16, 1775 first battle of the American Revolution
catalyst for the war
colonists outnumbered the British
49 colonists died and 73 British died
"The shot heard round the world" Battle of Lexington and Concord

April 19, 1775 petition to King George III expressing concerns about their rights and the King's policies
Petition-a formal written request signed by several people
George Washington named as commander and to still prepare for the war
Other attendees include:
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
Benjamin Franklin Second Continental Congress
May 10, 1775 A British victory but a costly one for them because they lost half of their men
Gave the colonists new confidence
The battle was actually fought on Breed's Hill near Bunker Hill The Declaration of Independence
July 4, 1776 Document signed by members of the Second Continental Congress declaring colonists independence from Great Britain
Thomas Jefferson was the main author
Considered an act of treason against King George the III Washington crosses the Delaware River
December 25-26, 1776 surprise attack on the Hessians at Trenton, NJ and the British at Princeton, NJ
Washington's first great win-raised the spirits of the colonists "Don't shoot til you see the whites of their eyes" The Battle of Saratoga
October 7, 1777 The turning point of the war
won by the colonists
France becomes allies with the colonists providing aid
Ally-a nation that has promised to help another nation in wartime Valley Forge winter encampment for Washington's Army
cold, brutal winter with few supplies and little food War in the South v. Middle and New England colonies small battles
secret bases set up
swamp land
hit and run fighting larger battles
more organized
more developed cities for camps colonists were familiar with territory South Middle & New England guerilla warfare-unconventional tactics using the natural surroundings as an advantage in combat, often hit and run, or ambush tactics Battle at Yorktown
October 9, 1781 Washington defeated Cornwallis after a siege on the British in Yorktown
Washington sent both American and French troops to Virginia to trap Cornwallis
First French fleet had been pushed back by British
Washington led troops across the Chesapeake Bay
Dug trenches around town before firing cannons
First battle where the colonists had more men and weapons
final battle in the American Revolution Articles of Confederation
1775 Constitution Bill of Rights
1791 the US first attempt at establishing laws written in 1775
put into effect in 1781 ALL Declaration of Independence
1776 Declaring America's freedom and independence from Britain set the foundation for the laws of the American government
main author James Madison first ten amendments added to the US Constitution guaranteeing citizens specific rights amendments-changes BARK CAN DOGS Major Military Roles
George Washington-commander of the Continental Army
Charles Cornwallis-Led British Army
Francis Marion-French military tactics, known as Swamp Fox
Lafayette-French noble who served in the Continental Army during the war
Benedict Arnold-was a general for the Continental Army who committed treason "traitor" by switching sides and giving secrets to the British Common Sense
by Thomas Paine a brief pamphlet that presented the colonists with a reasons to seek independence from Britain
most popular publication of the revolutionary period created by:
Mrs. Woodward
4th grade
Full transcript