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Copy of Conflict Diamond Project by Sarah Weltz

Sierra Leon
by

Sarah Weltz

on 5 December 2012

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Transcript of Copy of Conflict Diamond Project by Sarah Weltz

Timeline 1978 1985 1987 1991 0 + - = 9 8 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 c Diamonds Conflict Diamond By: Sarah Weltz Diamonds were formed in the earth millions of years ago under extreme pressure. This extreme heat and pressure in the earth transformed the carbon into crystal and turned it colorless. Volcanic activity is what brings the diamonds to the surface. How do diamonds form? These Diamonds stared a big civil war in Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Sierra Leone is located in west Africa on the coast Diamond mining is generally less harmful to the environment than other types of mining, such as gold mining, because it does not make use of toxic chemicals. Diamond mining has wreaked lots of land throughout Sierra Leon and ruined the land and soil. Diamond miners in the Kono side of eastern Sierra Leone have left behind thousands of mining pits. Wildlife have dyed out, topsoil has eroded, and land once good for farming is now a empty moonscape. Abandoned mining pits have created a public health disaster as well. When the pits fill with rainwater, they become infested with mosquitoes, spreading malaria and other water-borne diseases. Of the Sierra Leone Civil War 1992-1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 In 1978 new constitution made Sierra Leone a one-party state with the All People’s Congress as the one legal party. In 1985 Major General Joseph Saidu Momoh becomes president. In 1987 Momoh declares that the state is in an economic emergency. War Ends Diamonds provoked civil wars by government armies and rebel armies. These groups also fight with each other to control diamond-rich territories. This leads to tragic bloodshed, loss of life, and shocking human rights abuses – from rape to the use of children soldiers. Start of the War In 1991 the civil war begins, former army corporal Foday Sankoh and his Revolutionary United Front (RUF) begins campaign against President Momoh, capturing towns on border with Liberia. The RUF is a loosely organized force that fought a ten-year civil war to seize control of the lucrative diamond-producing regions of the country. The group funds itself largely through the extraction and sale of diamonds obtained in areas of Sierra Leone under its control. THE END In 1999 the U.N troops came to Sierra Leone to enforce the peace agreement, but one of the rebel leaders whose name is Sam Bokari. He said that the U.N troops are not welcome. While this is going on, there is an attack happening in Freetown. In 2000, the U.N troops are attacked in the east of the country. More than one hundred U.N troops are killed. The rebels defeat Freetown; 800 British are sent to Freetown to rescue British citizens and to help keep the airport open for U.N peacekeepers. The rebel leader, Foday Sankoh, gets captured. 11 British troops are captured by a group called the West side boys. British start an operation to rescue remaining U.K hostages. U.N troops for the first time begin to establish peace in rebel-held territory. In 2002 war is declared over. U.N mission of disarmament of 45,000 fighters is completed. The U.N decide to set up war crimes court. The war pushes on... 1992 - 1998 The roads were ruined and the schools and health clinics were burned down. Electricity do not exist in Sierra Leone. It had been hard to deliver food to all the families in Sierra Leone. At one point, 17000 peacekeepers were deployed in Sierra Leone. For a long time most of the money that was used to help Sierra Leone came from the U.N. There was a lot of corruption and Sierra Leone. Was left with a terrible government after the war. How has that country changed as a result of the civil war over conflict diamonds? Over 50,000 people died during the civil war and about million of people had to be moved. A lot of people lost their home and were murdered during the war. The people in Sierra Leone were not educated because all the children would go straight into the diamond mining business. A lot of the families didn’t have a lot of money. According the local people, “We never have and never will see that money, the supply chains are too corrupt." However, the government said “There is a trickle down process and it will get to the local people eventually.” The workers only earn about 50 cents a day. Average people in Sierra Leone only live until 38 years old. A lot of people lost their arms and legs because of the violence in the war. What happened to the people of Sierra Leone? Bibliography "Diamonds: How Do They Form?." Diamonds, Engagement rings, Jewelry in Houston jewelry store | Whiteflash. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2012.
<http://www.whiteflash.com/about-diamonds/diamond-education/diamonds-how-do-they-form.htm>.
&, Jesse Finfrock. "Photo Essay: Diamond Mining in Sierra Leone." The Triple Bottom Line: Sustainable Business, Social Entrepreneurs, CSR and more.... N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Nov. 2012. <http://www.triplepundit.com/2011/08/photo-essay-diamond-mining-sierra-leone/>.
, however, was not interested in rebuilding Sierra Leone only regaining control of the diamonds mines of Kono District, Tongo Field. As a result, thousands of Sierra Leoneans were killed, mutilated mainly because there was no large scale, and international intervention in the early stages of the war.. "Blood Diamonds - Sierra Leone - Worldpress.org." Worldpress.org - World News From World Newspapers. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Nov. 2012. <http://www.worldpress.org/africa/2193.cfm>.
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"BBC News - Sierra Leone profile - Timeline." BBC - Homepage. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14094419>.
"Blood Diamonds - Environmental Impact in Sierra Leone, Angola, Africa." Conflict Free Canadian Diamonds & Engagement Rings | Brilliant Earth. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.brilliantearth.com/blood-diamond-environmental-impact/>.
"Conflict Diamond Trade in Africa & South America: Violence & Smuggling." Conflict Free Canadian Diamonds & Engagement Rings | Brilliant Earth. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.brilliantearth.com/confict-diamond-trade/>.
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"File:Apollo synthetic diamond.jpg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Apollo_synthetic_diamond.jpg>.
"Map of Sierra Leone - Sierra Leone Map, Countries in Africa - World Atlas." World Atlas including Geography Facts, Maps, Flags - worldatlas.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2012. <http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/africa/sl.htm>.
"Revolutionary United Front (RUF)." RUF. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 1927. <https://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/ruf.htm>.
Shah, Anup. "Sierra Leone — Global Issues." Global Issues : social, political, economic and environmental issues that affect us all — Global Issues. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.globalissues.org/article/88/sierra-leone>.
"Sierra Leone Works to Rebuild after Civil War : NPR." NPR : National Public Radio : News & Analysis, World, US, Music & Arts : NPR. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Nov. 2012. <http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1417425>.
"The Greener Diamond - Learn More About The Devastation Caused by the Conflict Diamond Industry - Frequently Asked Questions." The Greener Diamond - Conflict Diamonds | Diamond Mining | Eco-friendly Diamond Alternatives & Green Jewelry. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Nov. 2012. <http://www.thegreenerdiamond.org/pages/faqs.php>.
"The Greener Diamond - Learn More About The Devastation Caused by the Conflict Diamond Industry - Frequently Asked Questions." The Greener Diamond - Conflict Diamonds | Diamond Mining | Eco-friendly Diamond Alternatives & Green Jewelry. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Nov. 2012. <http://www.thegreenerdiamond.org/pages/faqs.php>.


MLA formatting by BibMe.org. How has the landscape of Sierra Leone changed as a result of mining for diamonds? The Conflict in Sierra Leon impacted, not just on the country itself, but also Africa and the United states. In the United States the price of diamonds went up because they stopped diamond mining. Also as the news of the conflict spread, people refused to buy conflict diamonds to protest against the unfair treatment in Sierra Leone. This led to jewelry stores not earning as much money. In Africa this conflict would effect tourism around and in Sierra Leon. This led to economic problems. In some countries in Africa during war, people stop going to work and tending the crops. This can lead to people going poor and starving. However, a way to fix the land in Sierra Leon is possible. Many people thought that Kono was beyond repair, but over the years the local communities have come together to fill in the pits and repair the eroded top soil.
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