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The History of Film
Transcript of The History of Film
"EarlyCinema.com." EarlyCinema.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013.
"Film History: Postwar Period (1946–1959)." N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013.
"Film History: Classical Period (1930–1945)." N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013.
"Film History: Silent Period (1895–1929)." N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013.
"Film History: Contemporary Period (1980–present)." N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.
"Film History: Transitional Period (1960–1979)." N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.
The History of Film
The Silent Era
The period of film called the silent era started in 1895 when the American film industry really started
Films became more focused on the middle class life style and morals, and started to make movies from books
In 1894 Thomas Edison created the Kintescope which was the first exhibition of movies, such as his peep show parlor, using Edison's cylinder method it showed 70mm framed shots projected by light
But 1896 the exhibition of movies changed from the Kintescope to charging people to watch the projected movies on a screen
In 1999 stop motion animation was created by gtaking pictures of many frames to create two or three minute animation, the first was of British Troops fighting in the Boer War
The Sound Era
By 1929 sound in movies became possible but in some Asian cultures they kept silent movies and silent and sound films were shown together until the 1930s
But at the time it became expensive for sound equipment so the amount of independent films decreased
After World War II the want for war patriotism and propaganda films increased in the 1940s, and many countries started to produce them
But the war left many European film industries destroyed putting Hollywood at the top
And films started to involve more of the average man instead of the main characters being upper class citizens
By the 1950s colored films were created and television shows became more enhanced and competitive
The Transitional Period
The New Hollywood
By the 1970s and 80s the arts of film became engulfed in financial success and global dominance of Hollywood
Through blockbuster franchise, large marketing, and content towards children Hollywood started to change
The enhanced use of digital cameras, special effects, movie studios changed Hollywood and drew more people to movie theaters
When this equipment became available to independent film makers, they became more advanced and were able to show their films in regional film festivals
During this time called the post-modern period, films became more cultural, the were blurred lines between the protagonist and the antagonist, scenes are out of order and other qualities of today's movies
The Beginning of Film
The Pinhole Camera or Camera Obscura was the first prototype of camera used to project images of light onto a flat surface, its earliest model was created by Aristotle in 4 B.C.
The first motion clip was created in 1886 in San Francisco by Englishman Eadweard Muybridge, called the "Horse in Motion"
He was hired for photography by Leland Stanford to figure out if all of a horse's hooves leave the ground at the same time, but Muybridge created the first sixteen frame shot of a horse running by taking sixteen consecutive pictures
The home first movie was created by Louis Le Prince, a Frenchman who used a 12fps camera to shoot "Roundhay Garden Scene", only 2.11 seconds it was considered the first filmed home movie
In 1889 Thomas Edison perfected the cylinder method of film, that was a rolling cylinder of pictures projected through light on a flat surface, this was called Chromatography at the time
In the 1960s Hollywood started to decline as budgets decreased and America changed politically and culturally, but in Europe the film industry increased from funding from the government
By this time film became less of an entertainment and instead people realized the art and sophistication behind them
In Hollywood as American politics changed and the suburban people left for the city, films became more exploiting politically, sexually, and stereotypically
When film ratings from the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) came out it challenged actors and directors to make more daring and challenging movies
From the 1940s to the 1980s Asian Cinema developed and India became the second largest film industry in the world