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Transcript of Hurricane Katrina
to Hurricane Katrina 23 - 31 August 2005 Before During After 23 August 24 August 25 August 26 August 27 August 28 August 29 August 30 August Hurricane Katrina began on August 23rd as a tropical depression, by August 30th Katrina's classification was back to tropical storm, after having risen to Category 5.
A combination of Katrina's unusual path and unprecedented force made government response exceedingly challenging.
It is important to bear in mind that the effectiveness of Hurricane Katrina's government response is largely controversial.
Federal Emergency Decared by President Bush, upon Governor Blanco's request.
- FEMA and DHS have complete authority to begin hurricane response Category 4
Mayor Nagin issues mandatory evacuation.
30,000 people evacuate to the superdome with approximately 36 hours worth of food
National Guard requires 700 buses from FEMA. FEMA sends 100.
Category 4 - Landfall Effective vs. Ineffective - Government told Mayor Nagin 56 hours before landfall
- Mayor Nagin further delayed mandatory evacuation due to belief that Katrina may not in fact hit New Orleans - 27% of New Orleans households (120,000 people) did not have mobility
- Roads congested due to late evacuation order
- Mayor Nagin refused to use available buses to help with evacuation, due to insurance issues - FEMA brought a lot of supplies, but was unprepared for more than 10,000 unevacuted people, and therefore supplies were not enough - Katrina destroyed telephone cords, power lines, and made communications almost impossible
- Inadequate amount of supplies
- Led to ineffectiveness of planning of immediate response to Katrina Note That:
- New Orleans, was the 5th highest on the U.S.A.'s poverty ranking, and 8th lowest on the U.S.A.'s median income
- Made damage to infrastructure, housing, etc greater and therefore more difficult for the government to address.
- Effectiveness can be relative (e.g. death toll and predictions) The LARGEST and FASTEST rescue effort in US history
Nearly 100,000 emergency personnel arriving on the scene within 3 days.
50,000 national guard and coast guard troops saved close to 50,000 individuals
Unprecedented natural disaster - the U.S.A. had never previously needed to cope with or respond to a hurricane of this force and the damage it implied. This resulted in less people being able to evacuate New Orleans More rescue efforts had to focus on RESCUE rather than bringing SUPPLIES. "[f]our years after the frighening experience of Septermber the 11th, Americans have every right to expect a more effective response in a time of emergency. When the fedral govrnment fails to meet such an obligation, I, as President, am responsible for the problem, and for the solution".
- President George W. Bush Poor areas - likely that the people have less access to communication, therefore the government's method of using reports and media to warn people of Katrina was ineffective. - Due to the contrast in resources and question of reliability it is difficult for us to accurately deduce how effective the government's response was.
- Media Coverage
- Government vs. People These challenges made it difficult for officals to respond appropritly "Hurricane Katrina is now designated a catergory five hurricane. We cannot stress enough the danger this hurricane poses to Gulf Coast communities. I urge all citizens to put their own safetyand the satfety of their families first moving to safe ground."
-President George W. Bush, August 28th Conclusion Hurricane Katrina's Path ("EAS") Introduction Evacuation Issued Late Transport Supplies Communications (Bush's Speech at Jackson Square) Evacuees at Superdome ("Freedom Blog.") Evacuation of New Orleans ("Hurricane Could Leave 1 Million Homeless." ) Works Cited