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Great American Writers

Joyce and Kelly

Joyce Yu

on 1 February 2013

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Transcript of Great American Writers

Great American Writers Born on January 29, 1737 in Thetford, Norfolk, Great Britain
English-American author, political activist, and revolutionary
Moved to U.S in 1774
Died June 8, 1809 in New York City Thomas Paine Ralph Waldo Emerson Born on May 25, 1803 in Boston, Massachusetts
Led the Transcendentalist Movement
Had hearing problems and suffered from aphasia
Died on April 27, 1882 in Concord, Massachusetts Nathaniel Hawthorne Born on July 4, 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts
Born Nathaniel Hathorne but added a "w'' to his name to hide his relations to John Hathorne, the only judge of the Salem Witch Trials who didn't repent his actions
Died on May 19, 1864 in Plymouth, New Hampshire
His works are part of the Romantic Movement Edgar Allan Poe Born on January 19, 1809 in Boston, Massachusetts
Born Edgar Poe but added in Allan because of foster parents
He never once signed his work Edgar Allan Poe because he disliked his foster father
Died on October 7, 1849 in Baltimore, Maryland
No one knows why he died and there are over 20 theories regarding his death Harriet Beecher Stowe Born June 14, 1811 in Litchfield, Connecticut
Used the pen name Christopher Crowfield
Based Uncle Tom's Cabin on the life of Josiah Henson
Met President Lincoln and upon meeting him, he said, "...so you're the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war''
Died on July 1, 1896 in Hartford, Connecticut Washington Irving Born April 3, 1783 in New York
Named after George Washington
America's 1st genuine internationally best-selling author
Used many pseudonyms such as Geoffrey Crayon and Diedrich Knickerbocker
Died November 28, 1859 in Sunnyside, Tarrytown, NY Herman Melville Born on August 1, 1819 in New York City
Due to scarlet fever, his vision was permanently impaired
Was almost forgotten when he died until the "Melville Revival'' of the 2oth century that his work got recognition
Died on September 28, 1891 in New York City Emily Dickinson Born on December 10, 1830 in Amherst, Massachusetts
Lived a very secluded and introverted life
Almost always clothed in white
She normally didn't title her poems
Only published 11 poems during her lifetime
Her fame grew after she died when her sister discovered and published hundreds of her poems
Died on May 15, 1886 in Amherst, MA I'm Nobody! Who are You?
A Bird Came Down the Walk
Hope is the Thing With Feathers
Success is Counted Sweetest
I Heard a Fly Buzz When I Died
If I Can Stop Mark Twain Born on November 30, 1835 in Florida, Missouri
Real name is Samuel Clemens
Mark Twain means "two fathoms,'' meaning it is safe to navigate
Many schools, structures, awards, etc. are named after him
Referred to as "the father of American literature''
Died on April 21, 1910 in Redding, Connecticut F. Scott Fitzgerald Born on September 24, 1896 in St. Paul, Minnesota
Francis Scott Key is his second cousin 3 times removed from his father's side
"The Side of Paradise'' made him an overnight superstar
Marries girl of his dreams, Zelda Sayre
Became an alcoholic
Died on December 21, 1940 in Hollywood, California William Faulkner Born on September 25, 1897 in New Albany, Mississippi
Dropped out of high school and college
Wanted to join army but was rejected dued to his short height (5' 5 1/2'')
Won a Nobel Prize in Literature and two Pulitzer Prizes
Died on July 6, 1962 in Byhalia, Mississippi Ernest Hemingway Born on July 21, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois
His mother forced him to wear female garments and grow out his hair
Wanted to prove his manhood by joining the army but was disqualified due to his poor vision
Won a for Silver Medal of Valor during World War II
Committed suicide just like his sister, brother, and father
Died on July 2, 1961 in Ketchum, Idaho John Steinbeck Born on February 27, 1902 in Salinas, California
Dropped out of Standford University
Worked as manual labor before becoming successful author
Hated being famous and avoided the public eye as much as possible
Died on December 20, 1968 in New York City Dr. Seuss Born on March 2, 1904 in Springfield Massachusetts
Full name Theodor Seuss Giesel
He dropped out of Oxford and got a job creating ad cartoons for Standard Oil, General Electric, NBC, and more
Died on September 24, 1991 in La Jolla, California Suzanne Collins JD Salinger Born on January 1, 1919 in New York City
Full name Jerome David Salinger
Served in the army during World War II, saw action at D-Day and was one of the first soldiers to enter a liberated concentration camp
Married Sylvia Welter, who was possibly a former Nazi
Died on January 27, 2010 in Cornish, New Hampshire Born on August 10, 1962 in Hartford, Connecticut
Wrote for TV children programs, such as Clarissa Explains it All, Little Bear, Oswald, etc.
Was the head writer for Clifford's Puppy Days Stephen King Born September 21, 1947 in Portland, Maine
1999, King was struck by a minivan causing him to have a collapsed lung, fractures on his right leg, scalp laceration, and a broken hip
Had serious drug and alcohol addictions in the '80s
Suffers from an incurable condition called macular degeneration, which leads to blindness Stephenie Meyer Born on December 24, 1973 in Hartford, Connecticut
Before writing her famous novel, "Twilight,'' she was a stay at home mom
She didn't plan on publishing Twilight but her older sister peersuaded her to
Eclipse knocked Harry Potter off the bestseller list when it was release
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