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Powerful Ideas

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by

James Marshall

on 27 August 2015

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Transcript of Powerful Ideas

John Locke
Came up with an idea called the "Social Contract".
Stated that the government and the people both had responsibilities in the relationship.
He concluded that if the government did not live up to their responsibilities, the people should overthrow the government...
and replace the government with one that they think will live up to their expectations.
This had a HUGE impact on the minds of those who created American Democracy.
Charles
Montesquieu
Born in 1689
Wrote a book called "The Spirit of the Laws"
His idea was called separation of powers.
To keep anyone in the government from gaining too much power,
the power should be split between several, equally powerful, branches.
What's missing from this cover?
1
2
3
KING!
KING!
Rule of Law
States that no one,
is above the law.
not even the king,
There was an old Latin phrase called "Rex, Lex" or "The King is Law."
The new phrase would read "Lex, Rex" or "The Law is King."
These ideas represented a change in the way people viewed our concept:
BIG
POWER!
Powerful ideas
Thomas Hobbes
Answering the question: What was life like before governments?
Every man for himself. Life is "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short."

Called this the "State of Nature".
Full transcript