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Powerful Ideas

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by

James Marshall

on 28 August 2018

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Transcript of Powerful Ideas

B. John Locke
The Social Contract
Government must do more than stop the chaos.
If the government doesn't do its job, the people should get rid of it and replace it with a better one.
This had a HUGE impact on the minds of those who created American Democracy.
C. Charles
Montesquieu
Born in 1689
Wrote a book called "The Spirit of the Laws"
Separation of powers.
To keep anyone in the government from gaining too much power,
the power should be split between several, equally powerful, branches.
What's missing from this cover?
1
2
3
KING!
Rule of Law
States that no one,
is above the law.
not even the king,
There was an old Latin phrase called "Rex, Lex" or "The King is Law."
The new phrase would read "Lex, Rex" or "The Law is King."
These ideas represented a change in the way people viewed our concept:
BIG
POWER!
Powerful ideas
A. Thomas Hobbes
Asked the question: What was life like before governments?
The State of Nature.
Every man for himself. Life is "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short."
Best government is authoritarian because its only goal is to stop the chaos.
KING!
The government must also protect the "life, liberty, and property" of the people.
D. Thomas Jefferson
The Declaration of Independence
Jefferson used Locke's Social Contract as the proof that the colonists were doing the right thing.
He believed that England had become a tyranny to the colonies and, according to Locke, they had the right to change it.
Fight the Tyrannosaurus Rex!
Full transcript