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Middle Ages

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Antonia Kowalewski

on 14 February 2014

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Transcript of Middle Ages

What factors affect how a civilization develops?
Economic System
In the middle ages the manorial system was part of the economic system. In the manorial system they had different places that they would grow their crops for the different seasons. Every so often they would do a rotation so that the land would stay fresh to grow crops for the specific season. Another part of the system was that the more land you had (fief) you would have more power.

Political System
The political system in the middle ages was called feudalism. Feudalism was known for the three f's that were fief, fealty and faith. It also allowed the kings and upper nobility to keep control over the serfs and peasants. Power was locally enforced by private individuals. Fief (land) was very important in order to have power.
Conclusion
That is how the political, economic, social, religious, education, travel, and legal structures affected how the feudal and manorial systems worked in medieval times.
Middle Ages
The middle ages were the period in European history between antiquity and the Renaissance, often dated from 476 to 1453 C.E.
Social System
The main members of feudalism were:
King
Nobles
Knights
Peasants
The King was at the top of the social pyramid. Below him were the nobles; specifically barons, abbots and bishops. Next were the knights. Finally, at the very bottom were the peasants (serfs, then villains).
Education and Travel
King
Barons, Abbots & Bishops *
Knights
Commoners (Serfs and Villeins)
Medieval education was conducted by the church's monks.
Monks taught the boys to read and write in Latin.
Girls were ignored when it came to education. Only daughters of the rich and powerful were allowed to attend special courses.
Pope
Archbishops
* Bishops
Priests
Parishioners
Education
Travel
Monks were the only ones who traveled far distances away from home.They traveled these far distances for the battles.
The farmers traveled to sell their products to local markets.
The journey lasted from sunrise to sunset, even if they had to go and come back on the same day.
People traveled by land, rivers, and oceans with carts or boats.
Education
Travel
Legal System
Religion

In the middle ages religion was a big part of life. The religion that they followed was Christianity.
Three different courts:

Manor Court- Small Crimes (petty theft, public drunkenness, assault)
Royal Court- Serious Crimes (murder, treason, using the royal forest)
Church Court- Crimes relating to or committed by the church (witchcraft, heresy, blasphemy)
Originally, they had trial by ordeal and by battle but these were outlawed by the 16th century. The Magna Carta was written on June 5th, 1215 because of King John's abusive ruling. This stated that the monarch was subject to the laws of the land and that everyone was innocent until proven guilty.
Within religion there was a church and in it they had a social pyramid. The pope was at the top and he lived in Rome. Next were the archbishops and they worked for the pope. After that came the bishops and then the priests. At the bottom were the parishioners.
Thank You!
l
Power Struggle
Pope
Archbishops
Bishops
Priests
Parishioners
.
Works Cited
Political system:
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_type_of_political_system_was_during_the_Medieval_period?#slide=1>

http://history-world.org/Mid%20political_organization.htm

http://library.thinkquest.org/10949/fief/hifeudal.html

Education:
http://www.ask.com/question/what-was-education-like-in-the-middle-ages

http://www.medieval-life.net/education.htm

Travel:
http://www.rutasramonllull.com/en/traveling-middle-ages

http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_did_people_travel_in_the_middle_ages?#slide=2

http://www.thefinertimes.com/Middle-Ages/transportation-in-the-middle-ages.html

http://machaut.weebly.com/travel-in-the-middle-ages.html

Legal:
Cranny, Michael. Pathways. Toronto: Pearson Canada Inc., 2012. Print.

Social:
Cranny, Michael. Pathways. Toronto: Pearson Canada Inc., 2012. Print.

Images:
Prezi

Video of Feudalism:
http://ca.video.search.yahoo.com/play;_ylt=A2KIo9vLJOtSEDYAW5kWFQx.;_ylu=X3oDMTBzbmRuNmJiBHNlYwNzcgRzbGsDdmlkBHZ0aWQDBGdwb3MDMjE-?p=education+in+middle+ages&vid=b9a85b7cad66af5352288c53448945c5&l=4%3A51&turl=http%3A%2F%2Fts2.mm.bing.net%2Fth%3Fid%3DV.4589697807485269%26pid%3D15.1&rurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DzO-8f3XpNMg&tit=Feudalism+in+the+Middle+Ages&c=20&sigr=11aieee9t&sigt=10ss8t9ve&age=0&fr=spigot-yhp-sfmac&tt=b
Full transcript