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Timeline to The Great War

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Josh Hackney

on 2 March 2014

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Transcript of Timeline to The Great War

1915

1917
1914
1916
Timeline to The Great War
June 28, 1914
- Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria

- This was important because it started the domino effect that brought the world to war.


February 4, 1915
-German Admiralty Declaration Regarding Unrestricted U-Boat Warfare
- This was important because Germany was basically saying that they were not going to stop attacking ships with U-Boats.
March 1, 1915
-American citizen dies in sinking of first passenger ship, the British liner Falaba
- This was Important because it fueled the fire of the American war hawks who pushed for war even harder.
October 15, 1915
-German Ambassador's Assurances About American Ships
- This was Important because it broke Americas trust in Germany when they disregarded it.
November 20, 1915
-President Wilson researches a program of national defense (dubbed "Preparedness")
April 27, 1916
-Marshal Lord Kitchener, British Secretary of State for War, asks for American military participation in Europe.
January 27, 1916
-Wilson launches nationwide campaign to generate support for Preparedness with three speeches in New York. He now feels that war is imminent and is trying to get the US population in support.
August 1, 1914
- Outbreak of World War I; German declaration of war on Russia
- This was important because it signified the beginning of the world war.
August 4, 1914
- Great Britain Declares War on Germany, as reported in the Daily Mirror
- This was Important because the US was major sympathizers with Great Britian and their involvement greatly effected the US.
August 19, 1914
- President Wilson's Declaration of Neutrality
- This was important because Wilson was very against war but it was eminent.
September 19, 1914
-The Status of Armed Merchant Vessels
December 26, 1914
-U.S. Protests Against Maritime Warfare
-This was important because one of the main reasons we wanted to go to war with Germany was that they were sinking carrier vessels wit U.S. Citizens aboard.
February 10, 1915
-President Wilson's First Warning to the Germans
-This was Important because it shows even though the American public were itching for war he was still trying to prevent it, but he had to do something.
May 7, 1915:
-Lusitania sunk by German off Irish coast.
- This was very important because it was almost the straw that broke the camel's back but it later became a war cry much like The Alamo.
May 12, 1915
- The Bryce Report. Used as propaganda to try to bring the US into the war.
- This was Important because it showed Germany had abused its power by going through the Neutral State of Belgium and showed their Ruthlessness.
June 3, 1916
-National Defense Act is passed- authorizes five-year expansion of U.S. Army
July 30, 1916
-Jersey City, N.J., munitions plant destroyed; German sabotage suspected
October 15, 1916
-Germany resumes U-boat attacks under "search and destroy" rules.
-This was Important because it Violated what they had told the US earlier.
December 12, 1916
-Germans issue peace note suggesting compromise peace.
January 31, 1917: Germany officially breaks her promise and announces resumption of unrestricted U-boat warfare.
-This was Important because it Violated what they had told the US earlier.
February 3, 1917
-U.S. severs relations with Germany.
February 24, 1917
Great Britain releases Zimmermann Note to U.S. The Zimmerman Letter- Germany tries to create an alliance with Mexico (they now also feel that the US will be entering the war soon). In the note they ask for Mexico's assistance in a fight against the US in return Mexico will gain back their lands of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. "… we propose an alliance on the following basis with Mexico: That we shall make war together and together make peace. We shall give general financial support, and it is understood that Mexico is to re-conquer the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona.
—From the German Secretary of State (Zimmerman) to the German Minister to Mexico"
March 29, 1917
-Wilson publicly calls for a national army to be “raised and maintained exclusively by selective draft.”
- This was important because a war would require a lot more troops than the mere 400k they had at the beginning.
April 2, 1917
- Wilson War Message to Congress (8:32 p.m.)
-This was Important because it shows where Wilson was truly devoted to the war cause.
April 6, 1917
- U.S. declares war on Germany
Full transcript