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Understanding Argument

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Melissa Semmler

on 25 October 2017

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Transcript of Understanding Argument

Rhetoric is...
Read the essay on pages 186 and 187. What is her thesis statement?
Reading Argument
Arguing requires us to offer reasons for our opinions. It is important to be able to distinguish good arguments from bad ones, whether you agree with them or not.
Arguing Responsibly
Be Open to Constructive Criticism
Argument is...
Balance passionate attachment to your opinions by evaluating and testing them against different opinions. Acknowledge when good points are made against your opinions.
-the art of effective (hopefully) persuasion
-the term comes from ancient Greece, where rhetoric was invented about 2,500 years ago.
-Their oral culture required persuasive public speaking.
-Reasoned thinking that requires a claim (thesis).
- The thesis demonstrates what the argument attempts to prove, and supports the claim with a reason.
Claim: Video Games are intellectually stimulating.

Reason: Video games force players to weigh evidence, analyze situations, and quickly make correct decisions.

Try asking Peitho, the goddess of persuasion for help. The Greeks respected the power of the spoken word so much that they had a goddess designated to persuasion!
Problems with rhetoric?
Understanding Argument
Four Criteria for Responsible Reasoning
Be Well Informed
Opinions should be developed out of knowledge and be supported by reliable and current evidence.
Four Criteria for Responsible Reasoning
Consider Your Audience
Make an effort to understand and connect with other people and other points of view, and avoid seeing differences of opinion as obstacles to your point of view.
Four Criteria for Responsible Reasoning
Know the Context of Your Argument
Know that what you argue about now was argued about in the past and will be argued about again in the future. Our contributions to these ongoing conversations are influenced by who we are and what is going on around us.
Four Criteria for Responsible Reasoning
Internet Publications
Be especially careful about internet sources when you are preparing to write an argument. Countless people offer their opinions on blogs and Websites. Make sure sources are credible by looking at who published them, when they were published, and who might be funding the publication.
The Power of Inquiry
What is the best thing that happened to you today?
1) What do the speaker's statements show you about the power of inquiry?

2) What do you think about her statement that words create our world?
Are games a force for good in the world, or are they a waste of time?

Support your answer with clear reasoning.
Full transcript