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Transcript of Neolithic Revolution
(c. 8500-3500 B.C.E.) Evolution of the Neolithic Revolution Social Changes Political Changes Some of the factors that contributed to the Neolithic Revolution were:
The end of the great ice age, around 14,000 B.C.E.
The shift from hunting and gathering to agriculture
The domestication of plants and animals Before and After Before After Humans lived in hunting tribes no larger than 60 people. They had to move constantly so they wouldn't run out of animals to hunt or plants to gather. Because of this, there were no central governments, and every family unit was ruled by the father. Because of the use of agriculture and animal domestication, humans began to settle into villages. Now whole villages began to be ruled by chiefs. Before the Neolithic Revolution, people relied mainly on hunting and gathering. Hunting and gathering couldn't support huge groups of people, so populations were small. Since hunting and gathering meant that people had to find plants and animals, they were forced to move around a lot, and didn't live in settled villages. The use of agriculture during the Neolithic Revolution was an improvement that helped support many more people per square mile. People were now able to live in larger communities instead of groups of about 20 people. Since people were no longer forced to move to find food and animals, they were able to settle into villages, and eventually developed civilizations. Before the Neolithic Revolution, animals weren't domesticated and were rarely used for anything other than food. The domestication of animals during the Neolithic Revolution provided people with meat, hides, and various kinds of clothing. The earliest known animal domestication was in the Fertile Crescent between 10,000 and 8,000 B.C.E. There was no potter's wheel before the Neolithic Revolution. During the Neolithic Revolution, around 6,000 B.C.E., the invention of the potter's wheel helped pottery to be made faster and better. There was little scientific knowledge before the Neolithic Revolution, because there was little need for it. Since agriculture began to be used as the main method of getting food, people began to learn more about weather during the Neolithic Revolution. Everyone was needed to find food, so there was little to no job specialization before the Neolithic Revolution. Because the production of food became easier, not everyone needed to work only on food. Other professions were formed during the Neolithic Revolution, like tool-making and weaving. Before the Neolithic Revolution, crude stone tools were used. Stone tools were slowly improved and made sharper throughout the Neolithic Revolution. After the Neolithic Revolution, a new era known as The Bronze Age occurred. That was when people started to use bronze tools. 8500 B.C.E. 3500 B.C.E. 7500 B.C.E. 6500 B.C.E. 5500 B.C.E. 4500 B.C.E. Use of agriculture began 8000 B.C.E. 7000 B.C.E. 6000 B.C.E. 5000 B.C.E. 4000 B.C.E. First potter's wheel 9000 B.C.E. Domestication of sheep, pigs, goats, cattle During the Neolithic Revolution, there was very little interaction between societies because there were very few societies and they were very spread out. The interaction within societies caused humans to form professions, like potters and carpenters, because not everyone was needed for food production. Before the Neolithic Revolution, there was some belief in something supernatural but nothing that resembled organized religion. Many people developed polytheistic religious beliefs during the Neolithic Revolution. Before the Neolithic Revolution, humans were also not able to walk upright and couldn't use their hands while walking. Over time, humans were able to walk upright, which allowed them to carry tools. Humans also developed larger brains, became much smarter, and learned that death was inevitable. People began to settle in Jericho, which grew to have over 2,000 people. Ç atal H ü y ü k Beginning of the Bronze Age in some parts of the world was at it's peak. During the Neolithic Revolution the world was very separated. People from one area didn't have contact with people in other areas of the world. The Neolithic Revolution occurred in most parts of the world, but at different rates. It started and ended at different times throughout the world. Civilization begins in Sumer Domestication of corn in Mesoamerica Loom and woven cloth invented Ç atal H ü ü y k was founded Livestock farming began Copper began to be used Homo floresiensis and Homo sapien Timeline The Neolithic Revolution brought about many changes:
from nomadic life to settled life
from hunting and gathering to agricultural use
from limited supernatural beliefs to organized religions
from little animal use to animal domestication The following video is amusing but is a good representation of what occurred throughout the Neolithic Revolution.