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Properties of minerals

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by

Rana Abdelrahman

on 13 October 2013

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Transcript of Properties of minerals

Properties of minerals
What is a mineral?
Hardness
Crystal Systems
The crystals of each mineral grow atom by atom to form that mineral's crystals structure. Sometimes, the crystals is obvious from the mineral's appearance.
It is a naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal structure and a define chemical composition.

Identifying Minerals
COLOR: Some minerals are colored Gold, Pyrite and Chalcopyrite.
It is easily observed physical property. It is even used to identify minerals that have its own characteristic color.
If you want to observe a streak you can rub a mineral against an unglazed porcelain tile.
STREAK

Luster
Luster is a term used to describe how light is reflected from a mineral's surface.
If you want to describe the luster of a rock it might be Earthy,Waxy and Pearly for example.
Density
Each mineral has a characteristic density. You can pick them up and heft them, or fell their weight, in your hands.
When geologist measure density, they use a balance to determine the precise mass of a mineral sample.
If you want to identify, the best clue is to use the minerals hardness. Like in the pictures on is Talc and the other is Dimond. Friedrich an Austian expert, invented a test to describe the hardnes of a minerals that was called Mohs hardness scale.
Minerals can be identify special physical properties
Special properties
Cleavage And Fracture
A
cleavage
is a minerals that splits easily along flat surface
.

Fracture
describes how a mineral look when it breaks apart in an irregular way

( As shown in the picture ) It is a Magnetism rock it is coming from the word magnet. It could attracts clips, iron staples,........
What is a mineral
How are minerals identify
Key concepts an Key terms
Key Terms
minerals
inorganic
crystal
streak
luster
cleavage
fracture
Mohs hardness scale
DID YOU REMEMBER ANYTHING
1. WHAT ARE THE 3 COLORS MINERALS HAVE IN COMMON?
CLEAVAGE a mineral that splits easily among flat surface

FRACTURE decribes how a mineral looks when it break in an irregular way
it attracts iron staples , paper clips,......
DIMOND IS HARDEST KNOWN
2. WHICH IS HARD TALC OR DIMOND?
3. WHAT IS A CLEAVAGE AND A FRACTURE ?
4.WHAT CAN A MAGNETISM DO?
5. CAN YOU DESCRIBE MINERALS IN YOUR OUN WORDS?
GOLD
PYRITE
CHALCOPYRITE
NATURALLY OCCURRING
To be classified as a mineral, a substance must be formed by processes in the natural world.
There are 5 properties of Minerals
INORGANIC
A mineral must be inorganic, not a part of a living thing. Coal is not a minerals because it was once a part of a living thing which is a plant that lived millions of years ago.
SOLID
Minerals are always solid with define volume and shape. The parts in fixed positions (packed up together tightly).
CRYSTAL STRUCTURE
The particles of a mineral line up in a pattern that repeats over and over again. The repeating pattern of a mineral's particles form a solid called a crystal. (a crystals has flat sides that meet at sharp edges and corners).
DEFINITE CHEMICAL COMPOSITIONS
A minerals has a definite chemical composition or range of compositions. this means that a mineral always contains certain elements in definite proportions.
Inorganic Rock
Colors
What is Streak?
Its is the color of the mineral's powder.
Density = Mass / Volume
Hope You Enjoyed My Prezi Presentation :)
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