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Ecological Diversity in Edible Landscapes

Erin and Jodi, 2013 BC Rec and Parks Assoc.
by

Erin Udal

on 7 May 2016

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Transcript of Ecological Diversity in Edible Landscapes

Urban Ecology:
"the scientific study of the relation of living organisms with each other and
their surroundings in the context of the proposed urban environment"
Edible Installations in Public Spaces
How green space can have ecological importance

"Where are bees in cities?"

1st study in Canada: Tommasi et al. 2004
"Future conservation efforts should consider the importance of specific fragments" (pg. 865)
All images and documents contained in this presentation are credit to their appropriate and rightful producers
What kind of habitat do we need to create in cities?
has 56 species of bees!
Biodiversity
Abundance
Native bee!
UBC Farm
Faserview
Golf Course
Langara
Golf Course
Oak Meadows
Park
Science World
Plant ecolgically functional AND aesthetically pleasing plants
partner with enthusiastic organizations that can maintain new gardens
Plant gardens in mowed space
Copely Community Orchard
Identify and work within existing beneficial gardens
Partner with local volunteers
Program education opportunities
photo credit: UBC Farm
Although not enough statistical significance, my study of bees found
Oak Meadows Park
to have the highest biodiversity and abundance of native bees
Oak Meadows Park is great
bee real estate!
GOALS and OUTCOMES
Two projects
Common goals Different applications
Copley Community Orchard
Crow's Point
Community Garden
Collectively governed and maintained (no individual plots), perennial plants only, aprox 1/2 acre installation on a 1 acre site
Individual allotment, raised beds design, primarily annual vegetables with a native plant common space
CROW's Point Community Garden
Community
Expertise?
Ecological benefits
Inclusion and diversity
Challenges
Successes
Copley Community Orchard
Community
Expertise?
Ecological impact
Inclusion and diversity
Challenges
Successes
-seasonal urgency conflicts with bureacratic process
-neighbourhood concerns
-site conditions
-ongoing funding and support
Community Engagement
Increase diversity
Enhance existing use of space
Neutral or positive aesthetic impact
complex sustainable relationships are what make ecosystems resilient. Human urban landscapes need to incorporate this into design. Public green space is one of those spaces, and where we do our work.
Green space is fragmented in cities
Fragmentation
isolates wildlife
Corridors help reconnect wildlife
even for the smallest of organisms...
why concentrate on bees?!?
Blue Orchard Mason Bee: 10X more efficient
1/3 of our food needs bee pollination
Cities are becoming a place
to grow food... again
which means we NEED them
Native bees support native plants
bees are "keystone species"
Honeybees
Oak Meadows Park
A Case Study
Semi-naturalized
Open site
floral resources
large patch size
Prime Wildlife real estate!
Keys to symbiotic partnerships between municipal and provincial governments (parks board, engineering) and community based organizations and residents.
Partnering with specialized non-profits to assist community groups
Single liason from both partners ideal
(e.g. Greens Streets coordinator)
Efforts to work with seasonal considerations
Recognition of need for re-skilling. There are long term benefits of having skilled community members caring for public spaces.
-Earning neighbourhood trust
-Tree survival rates
-Increased positive activity in high crime area
-Community maintenance more frequent than municipal contractor, with more care!
RAICES intercultural garden project
In-Kind Support: a little goes a long way. Create a cycle of abundance, rather than scarcity
“I can say to anybody that the Copley Community Orchard has been the best thing that ever happened to this neighbourhood since I moved into this area in 1980, and my big thank you to everyone who's been involved in this project in anyway he/shecould.” Yumiko
-Ongoing maintenance/inputs
-Aesthetic concerns
-Individualism vs communal activities
-Amazing motivation, instant community
-Vast improvement to site, less dumping, cleaner, safer
-Honoraria for 1st year of coordination
Plant Bee Food!
Native plants support other wildlife
Honeybee on a dandelion
Weeds are great food sources!
Save Dead Wood
Leave sandy/soil bare patches
nectar and pollen
long bloom times
diversity in shapes, colour, size
plant in clumps
Plant historical and beneficial
native plants
Seed dispersed throughout
Perennials
Shrubs
Shrubs
Perennials
30’
20’
Seed dispersed
throughout
“$$$$ plot”
“$$ plot”
Science Plots
Plant Bee Food!
Plant historical and beneficial native plants
Native plants support other wildlife
Honeybee on a dandelion
34 Shrubs:
10 Oregon Grape
12 Red Flowering Current
12 Snowberry





30 Perennials:
10 Bee Balm
10 Camus
10 Korean Mint
17 Shrubs:
5 Oregon Grape
6 Red Flowering Current
6 Snowberry





15 Perennials:
5 Bee Balm
5 Camus
5 Korean Mint
Don't discriminate
Save Dead Wood
Hidden homes..
different sizes, colours, shapes
nectar and pollen
long bloom times
plant in clumps
BC: $366 million
Canada: $1.5 billion
USA: $15 billion
Globally: $200 billion
www.eya.ca
Full transcript