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They Say i say: Chapter 11
Transcript of They Say i say: Chapter 11
Revision is one of the most important stages of the writing process.
The challenge is to figure out what needs work-- and what exactly you need to do.
How Do You Represent What Others Say?
Did you start with what others say?
Do you summarize or paraphrase what they said?
Do you quote others?
Have you documented all summaries and quotations?
Do all the verbs used to introduce the summaries and quotations express accurately what was said?
Taken from essay by Antonia Peacocke -
Family Guy and Freud: Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious
“New York Times journalist Stuart Elliott just this year said that 'the characters on the Fox television series Family Guy… purposely offend just about every group of people you could name.’”
Author quotes and summarizes what others say
What Do You Say?
Do you agree, disagree, or both With those you’re responding to?
Have you stated your position and the one it responds to as a collective unit?
What reasons and evidence do you offer to support your “I say?”
Will readers be able to distinguish what you say from what others say?
Questions To Ask
How do you represent what others say?
What do you say?
Have you introduced any naysayers?
Have you used meta-commentary to clarify what you mean and don’t mean?
Have you tied it all together?
Have you shown why your argument matters?
They Say I Say: Chapter 11
"Whether you're watching Living Lohan or the Newshour, the likelihood is that you are not thinking of Sigmund Freud, even if you've heard of his book Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious..."
Author starts with what others are saying
“... the likelihood is that you are not thinking of Sigmund Freud … I say that you should be.”
- Author responds to the aforementioned common response.
Have You Introduced Any Naysayers?
Have you introduced any likely objections to your argument?
- “I must admit, I can see how parts of the show might seem offensive if taken at face value.”
Author acknowledges and represents objections fairly.
- “In case you have any doubts about its immense popularity, consider these facts…”
Author anticipates and responds to possible objections to her point.
Have You Used Meta Commentary To Clarify What You Mean And What You Don’t Mean?
Do you have a title?
Explain what you mean
“Any of my friends can tell you that this program holds endless fascination for me; as a matter of fact, my high school rag-sheet “perfect mate” was the baby Stewie Griffin, a character on the show.”
- Author uses meta-commentary to ward off potential skepticism
Have You Tied It All Together?
Can readers follow your argument?
Check your use of pointing words
Have you used what we call “repetition with a difference?”
“Taken in this light, the ‘instructional video’ quoted above becomes not only funny but also insightful.”
- Author uses transitions to connect the parts
Have You Shown Why Your Argument Matters?
Explain to readers why your argument is important
“Thus, while Family Guy can provide a sort of relief by breaking down taboos, we must still wonder whether or not these taboos exist for a reason.”
- Author notes the importance of her argument.
“...laughing at others’ expense may be cruel, no matter how funny.”
- Author notes that it will affect people.