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Top 3 STI's on Western's campus

Intro to Public Health Group Project

Tiffany Sommer

on 27 April 2013

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Transcript of Top 3 STI's on Western's campus

r Top 3 Sexually Transmitted
Diseases on WCU's campus Chlamydia Genital Herpes Gonorrhea Caused by Herpes Simplex Virus 2 (HPV-2) and sometimes HPV-1
HPV-1: mostly produces cold sores
HPV-2: is most commonly found in genital herpes cases By: Hanna Sain
Tiffany Sommer What are the symptoms in Men? Discharge from the penis
Burning sensation when urinating
Burning or itching around the opening of the penis.
Less commonly, pain and swelling
in one or both testicles
Infect the rectum causing pain, swelling, and/or bleeding. Chlamydia What are the symptoms in women? Infection of the cervix and/or the urethra
In some, abnormal vaginal discharge or pain urinating may occur
Pain during intercourse
Lower abdominal pain
If left untreated, damage from infection can travel to the fallopian tubes and the uterus which could lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) Chlamydia What is it? Chlamydia trachomatis
Gram negative bacterium
Infects the non-genital sites such as the cervix, urethra, and rectum Chlamydia How common is it? According to the CDC, in 2011, 1,412,791 cases of chlamydia were reported to CDC from 50 states and the District of Columbia, but an estimated 2.86 million infections occur annually
However, because most cases of chlamydia are asymptomatic (without symptoms), a lot of cases are left unrecognized.
It is highly common in young adults due to the intensive amount of sexual partners they have.
According to the CDC, 1 in 15 young females aged 14-19 years old have chlamydia Chlamydia Who is at risk? Anyone who is sexually active
Young adults
Men who have sex with other men
Women who are pregnant and go without being treated could have results such as pre-term delivery, cause eye infections or pneumonia in newborns Chlamydia How is it diagnosed? Chlamydia can be tested by taking a cotton swab sample of the vagina or by taking a specimen of urine
If a test comes back positive, a physical exam is also needed to determine the extent of the infection So what ARE the top 3 STI's on Western's campus? Chlamydia
Genital Herpes Chlamydia What's the treatment? The infection can be treated easily with antibiotics
All sexual partners should be notified to get examined, evaluated, and tested
Once the antibiotics are started, restrain from sex for at least a week to get prevent transmission to other partners What is it? Bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoaea
Discovered by Albert Ludwig Sigesmund Neisser, born in Germany in 1855
Gram-negative coffee bean shape dipplocci bacterium Gonorrhea How common is it? According to the CDC, 820,000 cases new cases are discovered annually in the United States Gonorrhea What are the symptoms in men? While gonorrhea, like chlamydia, is normally asymptomatic, some symptoms do appear
If symptoms are present, they become noticeable 2-4 days after transmission
Burning sensation while urinating
Swollen lymph nodes
White, green, or yellow discharge from the penis (which gives gonorrhea the nickname of "the drip")
In some men, painful or swollen testicles are also signs that you have gonorrhea
Infection of the eyes, throat, and/or rectum Gonorrhea What are the symptoms in women? Burning sensation while urinating
Increased vaginal discharge
Vaginal bleeding in between periods
Can spread to the fallopian tubes causing major problems such as ectopic pregnancy, PID, scalpingitis
Infection of the throat, eyes, and/or rectum Gonorrhea Who is at risk? Any person who is sexually active
CDC reports that the highest rates of the infection are in African Americans, Hispanics, young adults, and men who have sex with men Gonorrhea How is it diagnosed? In most cases, a urine specimen is obtained and tested in the lab
However, if the patient has or had anal sex/oral sex, a swab can be taken from the rectum or throat
In certain cases, a swab may also be taken from the males urethra or a females cervix Gonorrhea How is it treated? Like chlamydia, gonorrhea is treated by antibiotics
Since most people usually have chlamydia and gonorrhea at the same time, the same medication that treats both infections are prescribed
Once a patient starts the medication, it must be finished
All sexual partners of the infected person should be tested and treated
All infected individuals should be re-examined 3-4 months after treatment Gonorrhea Examples In 2012, Mens Health magazine an article on the top states infested with STI's, gonorrhea has infected 150.4 thousand people in North Carolina in 2012 Chlamydia Statistics What is it? Genital Herpes What are the symptoms? While most cases of herpes go asymptomatic, some symptoms can be severe
After 2 weeks of the infection lesions begin to form
In both men and women, painful lesions or ulcers can appear in the genital area
Other symptoms such as fever, swollen glands, and headaches are symptoms that are similar to the flu and could also occur Genital Herpes How is it diagnosed? Usually, a physical examination of the genital area can determine if a patient has genital herpes
Taking a sample of the lesions and sending it to the lab will also confirm the infection
Depending on what the physician says, the patient may also get a blood test done Genital Herpes How is it treated? There is no cure for herpes since it is a virus
To shorten the span of an outbreak, anti-virals can be prescribed
Topical lidocaine gel is sometimes provided to help manage the first and main episode Genital Herpes How common is it? The CDC estimate that 776,000 new cases are reported in the United States every year
Across the nation, 1 out of 6 people aged 16-49 are diagnosed with having HSV-2
It is more common for a woman to get infected than a male Genital Herpes Examples Stages of the lesions An example of a males with genital herpes and how it may look So how can these infections be prevented? The best way would be to remain abstinent
Remain in a monogamous relationship and know your partner's past
Always wear a latex condom and stay safe, while they are not 100% certain to prevent STI's, there's a good chance that they will be protected Where can I go to get help? WCU's Student Health Center
Bird Building
Cullowhee, NC 28723
828-227-7640 (to make an appointment)
Open Monday-Friday, 8:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. Jackson County Health Department
Jackson County Department of Public Health
538 Scotts Creek Road, Suite 100
Sylva NC 28779
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m.- 5:00 p.m.
*Most services are free of charge* Chlamydia Cases by Reporting Source and Sex, United States, 2002–2011 Positivity Among Women Aged 15-24 Years Tested In Family Planning Clinics, by State, Infertility Prevention Project, United States and Outlying Areas, 2011 STI Prevention The number way to prevent any sexually transmitted infection is by remaining abstinent
The next closest thing, if you are sexually active is to remain in a monogamous relationship, use contraceptive if you are a female, and use a condom!
Be sure to ask your partner about his or her sexual history
If you are worried, go get checked out. Nobody will judge you References CDC - STD Surveillance, 2011 - Figure 13. (2012 December 13).
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved April 27, 2013, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats11/figures/13.htm CDC - STD Surveillance, 2011 - Figure 7. (2012, December 13). Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved April 19, 2013, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats11/figures/7.ht Gonorrhea Microbiology | Gonorrea. (n.d.). Gonorrea | Symptoms, pictures,
treatment, causes, news. Retrieved April 27, 2013, from http://gonorrea.org/science-of/gonorrhea-microbiology Haller, M. (2012, April 5). America's Most STD-Infested States. Men's Health
Magazine. Retrieved April 19, 2013, from news.menshealth.com/americas-most-std-infested-states/2012/04/05/ Hart, D. G. (n.d.). Public Health Information Library: Photographs,
Illustrations, Multimedia Files. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved April 19, 2013, from phil.cdc.gov/phil/details.asp Klausner, J. D., & Hook, E. W. (2007). Current diagnosis & treatment of sexually
transmitted diseases. New York: McGraw Hill Medical. Kollar, L., & Shmaefsky, B. (2005). Gonorrhea. Philadelphia: Chelsea House
Publishers. References Continued... Marr, L. (2007). Sexually transmitted diseases: a physician tells you what
you need to know (2nd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Palmer, D. E. (n.d.). File:Herpes simplex virus TEM B82-0474 lores.jpg - Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved April 27, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Herpes_simplex_virus_TEM_B82-0474_lores.jpg STD Facts - Chlamydia. (2013, February 11). Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention. Retrieved April 27, 2013, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/STDFact-Chlamydia.htm STD Facts - Genital Herpes. (2013, February 11). Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention. Retrieved April 27, 2013, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/Herpes/STDFact-Herpes.htm STD Facts - Gonorrhea. (2013, February 11). Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention. Retrieved April 19, 2013, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/STDFact-gonorrhea.htm Spencer, J. V. (2005). Herpes. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers.
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