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CMIN 201 (Su '16) T09 - Folk/Traditional Religions

Copied from THEO 403 (was T02 - Traditional Religions)
by

Hartmut Scherer

on 25 May 2016

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Transcript of CMIN 201 (Su '16) T09 - Folk/Traditional Religions

God reveals his purposes in broad strokes
Key Questions of Folk Religions
Righteousness
and justice and the problem of
evil
and injustice
Knowledge
to decide and the problem of the
unknown
Well-being
in this life and the problem of
misfortunes
Meaning
in this
life
and the problem of
death
Misfortune
is related to ancestors, demons, witches, local gods, magic and astrology
- health in Scripture

-> Shalom
In order to guarantee success,
God speaks to humans in:
Why is there injustice and why am I wronged?
It is not enough to say that this will never happen to Christ followers
We need to have a
biblical view
of sin and holiness, of purity and pollution.
Some guidelines:
Local churches should be
caring
and
healing communities
Christians must
model a biblical response
to injustice
God can use
suffering for good
.
We are called to
share
in the
sufferings of Christ
The
end
of the human story is not suffering, but
joy
The church is to
speak out against
all the
sin
Adversity
Choose a belief system ("toolbox") to explain it
Diagnose the cause using this system
Select a remedy and apply it
Christian response:
-
minister
to the people
in crisis (! magic !)
- a theology of suffering
-
trinitarian view of God
- understandable
ways
some
seek hidden knowledge
from gods, spirits, and ancestors
Divine Guidance
Two general principles of divine guidance
God opens and closes doors through circumstances
- his word
All Christ followers need to learn to dependent on God
- community of faith
highly institutionalized
Marks of Formal Religions
claim to offer
universal cosmic truth

Folk/Traditional Religions
have written texts, defined theologies, temples, etc.
led by trained religious
specialists

Marks of
Traditional/Folk Religions
refers to the religious beliefs and practices of the
common

people
Small Kin-based Societies
Large-scale Societies
local forms of
formal religion
are
only a part
of common people's lives
they are dealing with the crises of their
everyday existence
they turn to
local beliefs
and
practices
Religion is shared by all
the members of the community
Each society
has its
own gods
, ancestors, lands, and people
- Why do I exist?
(purpose)

- What will be my end?
(destiny)

Key Questions of Formal Religions
- Where do I come from?
(origin)

The
real questions about death
are:
A Christian response:
- Why and why now?
- How will this affect
me and my family?
- new meaning in death
as their
loved ones meet
Christ
and
fulfill
their
salvation
;
Diachronic
meaning is given to life through
A Christian response:
- personal stories,
- group stories,
- and cosmic drama
- show them how
their lives are
part of
God's cosmic story
Synchronic
meaning
A Christian response:
In Christ we have a . . .
- in becoming,
- in belonging,
- in having a home,
- in doing and
possessions
- new
identity
,
- new
community
,
- new
home
on earth,
- new
gifting
- new
view of possessions
- in being,
- share
Christ's victory

over death and the
hope of
eternal life
Example:
You want to become successful.
How can you achieve this?
Western solution:
Hard work and careful planning
Japanese solution:
Visit the Hozenji temple for business success
How do you respond to someone who likes to read his/her horoscope?
- different
ways (changes
as people grow in faith)
- Discernment
is key.
Some misconceptions
about divine guidance
Humans must guess God's will.
God's will is one option among many.
God has only one perfect plan for his children.
A magical approach to divine guidance.
God makes all decisions for his children.
The heart of the gospel is people.
Fear
is one of the
greatest barriers
to become a true Christ-follower.

How do we relate the gospel to folk religious people?
Christianity began as a folk movement.
-> don't try to stamp them out!
Bring them under the
lordship of Christ.

Sources and Image Credit
2)
devastation, hurricane, destruction; https://pixabay.com/en/hurricane-devastation-destruction-60550/.
1)
Cemetery; https://pixabay.com/en/cemetery-veteran-widow-sadness-269663/.
3)
crystal ball; https://pixabay.com/en/psychics-crystal-ball-fortune-teller-1026092/.
4)
world trade center; https://www.flickr.com/photos/nostri-imago/4428688046/in/photolist-7KmbEs-abs3aD-gC77bx-bBiGAt-nawoAF-8PxpeC-eYzc2G-cuSmE3-6o5oYD-qDTGgu-5kBxPi-akvJfS-fwdgiT-cJGVPU-pPPWUx-6X5X8C-FWq1Mn-gqK3L-pPPYDe-pDa8NR-qb96HP-fwdfWR-bDjXKK-Dm4Zj-DpMwq4-qu2T6o-8zoiBL-8zoiBu-B2DRij-bBB7P3-s1V4Bf-8A9Vtx-e7AzoW-cuSmAJ-bxKrLs-5vHLSp-okMpsy-qTjxaM-o3UMNE-5oy7Cy-bCqCsm-c1sR8L-pX9h1D-baF6-fwPHDZ-s7tY7i-f8bXFG-fwsBPf-euAUKr-dn2AHG/
5)
Judaism; https://pixabay.com/en/prayer-jew-hebrew-judaism-801506/
6)
Shiva; https://www.flickr.com/photos/alicepopkorn/14592515906/in/photolist-oeuszQ-q2Ykex-cuenDd-qnG9Qc-suCRDB-qjTgvF-oKQkKK-bb3jMt-apHbtn-gd15FC-6r79Ad-pKHFdC-8WcYHR-qgJfXp-pqWp6M-rmLFSC-pDuUMa-soatsy-hZWPn1-4BGY6P-4BMftY-4AFTQ6-i52FmB-prvwbc-4BGXKi-4BH2KK-qbcKJs-4BMh8W-s2CrCB-5b4WZp-4BMgGG-4BMhxw-pzJHn-7A6NLn-hZWHQm-vHqbng-fGg7ed-gK2g6h-4yTUhT-7x7Y9C-oBLjw3-kWrZ3M-5b9gTq-5PsgRk-i528XN-kYif8T-qvHBPn-c4EkSj-A9U122-81CsTQ
7)
Dome of the Rock; https://pixabay.com/en/dome-of-the-rock-mosque-islam-dome-574488/
8)
Buddhism; https://pixabay.com/en/monk-religion-buddhism-faithful-868247/
9)
Hozenji temple; https://www.flickr.com/photos/24328671@N07/9206315049/in/photolist-3Xkfz7-f2wLHP-brAiJW-87Na5P-87RnL7-87NbNk-87Ro5S-87NaAZ-f2wQ9x-piVetu-pApTbt-f2M4Tb-3Xg1cP-f2M3aY-3XfBU8-9PSoEX-4jfz6g-4jfAH4-3XfTQX-4jjD9Q-4jfzVc-4jjDWC
Bible; https://pixabay.com/en/hand-bible-religion-453220/
10)
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