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Intro Permaculture

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erx fog

on 24 May 2016

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Transcript of Intro Permaculture

Explore possibilities of sufficient living
Explore prototypes suitable for local environment

Ultimate Goal:
Self sufficient house off-grid
Security in unsecure times

How to
do that?

Build a
Dārzs un pārtika
Earthships are sustainable structures designed and developed by Michael Reynolds. This technology enables the greenhouse to be 100% off-the-grid by using passive ventilation, geothermal heating, water collection and renewable energy. It also allows the greenhouse to be made at an affordable price using recycled materials.
Grow your veggies year round in passive solar heated greenhouse.
"An Earthship is a type of passive solar house made of natural and recycled materials.”

No part of sustainable living has been ignored in this ingenious building.
Solar and wind power
Water catch system
Earthships catch water on the roof, from the sky (rain & snow melt) and use it four times

Earthships are primarily designed to work as autonomous buildings using thermal mass construction and natural cross ventilation assisted by thermal draught (Stack effect) to regulate indoor temperature. Earthships are generally off-the-grid homes, minimizing their reliance on public utilities and fossil fuels. Earthships are built to utilize the available local resources, especially energy from the sun. For example, windows on sun-facing walls admit lighting and heating, and the buildings are often horseshoe-shaped to maximize natural light and solar-gain during winter months. The thick, dense outer walls provide thermal mass that naturally regulates the interior temperature during both cold and hot outside temperatures.

". . . they resist all kinds of severe weather or even bullets..."
The time consuming part, filling the bags. The bags are filled in place on the wall.
Three reasonably-fit persons can lay 100 linear ft of bag per day.
Building with earthbags (sometimes called sandbags) is both old and new. Sandbags have long been used, particularly by the military, for creating strong, protective barriers, or for flood control. The same reasons that make them useful for these applications carry over to creating housing. Since the walls are so substantial, they resist all kinds of severe weather (or even bullets) and also stand up to natural calamities such as earthquakes and floods. They can be erected simply and quickly with readily available components

The walls can be curved or straight, domed with earth or topped with conventional roofs. Curved walls provide good lateral stability, forming round rooms and/ or domed ceilings like an igloo.

The walls can be curved or straight, domed with earth or topped with conventional roofs. Curved walls provide good lateral stability, formingEarthbags have the tremendous advantage of providing either thermal mass or insulation, depending on what the bags are filled with. When filled with soil they provide thermal mass, but when filled with lighter weight materials, such as crushed volcanic stone, perlite, vermiculite, or rice hulls, they provide insulation. The bags can even act as natural non-wicking, somewhat insulated foundations when they are filled with gravel. round rooms and/ or domed ceilings like an igloo.

Earthbag building uses polypropylene, burlap or another bag material to hold dirt that very closely resembles adobe and cob. These adobe, cob earthbags are filled on top of the wall scoop by scoop in order to avoid the heavy lifting  and drying of 60 pound bricks.
Usually between each row of bags are strands of barbed wire adding further tensile strength to the structures.
These  homes are noteable due to their low cost in materials, low skill in building experience and outstanding strength and for their resistance to hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, fire and termites. And, of course, for their green eco friendliness and sustainability.

Water-heating panels
Heat release
Most of the hot water in the house comes as a result of these heating panels. Sun floods the panels, heating a series of pipes that are filled with an anti-freeze, which then, through a heat exchange process, create hot water in the building. The system produces most of its hot water, but if more is needed, or if the temperature is not high enough, the house has a supplemental, solar-powered water heater.

The solar panels that are designed to follow the sun throughout the day. This means they are 40 percent more efficient than standard, south-facing panels. They're also designed to find the brightest spot in the sky during a cloudy day. The panels depend on this tracking device to follow the sun.

Sun-tracking solar panels
During the summer months, the house heats up quickly. As a way of maintaining a steady, comfortable temperature, the building features heat release panels high up in the ceiling. This is a view of the panels from the roof.

Passive solar

Passive Annual Heat Storage
Double Greenhouse
Food production year round
Water is used 4 times
Sunlight inside building and angle of roof correlation
in Latvia ? research it
electricity production,
catching water from the sky,
on-site sewage treatment,
passive heating and cooling,
food production,
building with readily-available materials.
Its Modular !
How big?
Survival Pod ( S-Pod)
La Casa Verga
Got Kids?
No Trash!
Rent a plot
Permaculture Garden produce
Fresh organic produce from the community beds in the Permaculture Garden

The Permaculture Garden also offers garden plots for rent to community members. There are options for raised garden beds, that are keyholed for accessibility and suitable for annual food production. Furthermore, community members will have the option of renting space in the Elliot Coleman four season bed upon its installation. We are also planning the addition of chickens and ducks in the garden, to incorporate the permaculture solution to pest reduction and fertilizer production.

Winter Gardening
Groundswell community garden
Apple Guild
Forest Garden
By taking time to engage with nature we can design solutions that suit our particular situation.
By developing systems that collect resources at peak abundance, we can use them in times of need.
Ensure that you are getting truly useful rewards as part of the work that you are doing.
We need to discourage inappropriate activity to ensure that systems can continue to function well.
Make the best use of nature’s abundance to reduce our consumptive behavior and dependence on non-renewable resources.
By valuing and making use of all the resources that are available to us, nothing goes to waste.
By stepping back, we can observe patterns in nature and society. These can form the backbone of our designs, with the details filled in as we go.
By putting the right things in the right place, relationships develop between those things and they work together to support each other.
Small and slow systems are easier to maintain than big ones, making better use of local resources and producing more sustainable outcomes.
Diversity reduces vulnerability to a variety of threats and takes advantage of the unique nature of the environment in which it resides.
The interface between things is where the most interesting events take place. These are often the most valuable, diverse and productive elements in the system
We can have a positive impact on inevitable change by carefully observing, and then intervening at the right time.
Hugel bed
Four Principles:

The first is No Cultivation:

That is, no ploughing or turning of the soil. For centuries, farmers and gardeners have assumed that the plough is essential for growing crops. However, non-cultivation is fundamental to natural gardening and farming. The earth cultivates itself naturally by means of the penetration of plant roots and the activity of micro-organisms, small animals, and earthworms.

The second is No Chemical fertilizers:

If you give back to the earth what comes from your kitchen waste, animal waste and even your own waste products, there is no necessity for chemical fertilizers. People interfere with nature and, try as they may, they cannot heal the resulting wounds. Their careless farming practices drain the soil of essential nutrients and the result is yearly depletion of the land. If left to itself, the soil maintains its fertility naturally, in accordance with the orderly cycle of plant and animal life.

The third is No Weeding:

Weeds play their part in building soil fertility and in balancing the biological community. As a fundamental principle, weeds should be controlled, through being cut down and left where they fall, and not removed. Straw mulch, and ground cover inter-planted dense growing crops provide effective weed control.

The fourth is No Usage of Chemicals:

From the time that weak plants developed because of such unnatural practices as ploughing and fertilizing, disease and insect imbalance became a great problem in agriculture. Nature, left alone, is in perfect balance. Harmful insects and plant diseases are always present, but do not occur in nature to an extent which requires the use of poisonous chemicals. The sensible approach to disease and insect control is to grow sturdy crops in a healthy environment.

Also correct watering practices eliminate many problems as the immune system of the plants are lowered if they get shallow watering. The roots are prone to turning upwards which cause the plant to struggle and diseases get the upper hand.
Плоскорез Фокина
The following is adapted and extracted from the book – The One-Straw Revolution by Masanobu Fukuoka (1978).
Masanobu Fukuoka
81 kg yld
6h wrk
83 kg yld
1h wrk
Prātīga resursu sadale:
Zemes resursi ir jāizmanto prātīgi. Godprātīga sadale ir permakultūras ekonomiskā dimensija, kas aicina samazināt patēriņu, bet labumus un resursus izdalīt vienlīdzīgi.

Bills Mollisons apraksta integrētu sistēmas izveidošanu par paraugu ņemot dabu.

Šāds saimniekošanas dizains ļauj aiztupīt daudz darba un izslēdz atkritumus kā tādus.

Herb spiral
Rūpes par Zemi:
Nodrošinot (nesabojājot) apstākļus visām dzīvām radībām. Šis ir pirmais princips. Jo bez zemes cilvēce nevar zelt un plaukt.
Rūpes par cilvēkiem
: nodrošinot pieeju resursiem, kas nepieciešami eksistencei.

No waste only resources in wrong place
Etikas pamatprincipi:
Quo Vadis?
Laiks ir vienmēr pariezs darīt to kas ir pareizi
Ar maziem soļiem var panākt lielus darbus.
Veidojot savu apkārtēju vidu un izšķiroties par rīcību ikdienā mēs izdaram izvēli.
Mēs esam savas dzīves dizaineri.
Permakūltūra ir ilgtspējīgs dizains.
Permakūltūra ir ilgtspējīga dizaina sistēma kas izmanto ekosistēmas principus, lai saniegtu cilvēku vajadzības.
Tradicionālā pieeja uzdod jautājumu kā mēs varam sasniegt savas vajadzības?
Permakultura - kā sasniegt savas vajadzības ņemot verā apkartējas ekosistemas veselību.
Izvēle ir: var ražot pārtiku patērējot fosīlo degvielu pie reizes nodorot kaitējumu videi un ekonomikai. Vai kūltivējot mazdārziņus.
Permakūltūra aicina izmantojot resursus domāt ilgtermiņā.

500 hot showers
Pārtikas nedrošība,
Pupas/Zirņi - fiksē slāpekli priekš visiem (in legumes)
Ķirbis - Noēno zemi ieņem teritoriju.
Kukurūza - mugurkauls pupām
The lesson here is that by hooking into the cyclical rhythms of many-kingdomed nature, a guild can capitalize on enormous sources of energy and experience. Focusing only on food plants sucks fertility from the soil while giving little in return. In contrast, offering a little something extra—a habitat for bees, a home for soil organisms—ties the small cycles of our garden into the generous and large cycles of nature. Growing a few early-blooming flowers encourages bees and other beneficial insects to stick around when the fruit trees need pollination and the aphids begin to swarm. Leaving last fall’s leaves to compost on a flower bed nurtures a healthy crop of worms to till and aerate soil and to shed nutrient-rich worm castings down among the roots. Our small offerings bring large rewards. In effect, if we buy the first round of drinks, nature picks up the tab for dinner and a show. We can leverage our assets into a not-so-small fortune by piggy-backing onto the pooled resources of the natural economy. By making nature our partner, our yields multiply, and risk of failure declines.
@ Rudens
@ Ziema
Mūsu civilizācijai ir izvēle! Mēs varam baudīt ilgtspējīgu un veselīgu dzīvesveidu, bet mēs izvēlamies to nedarīt.
Trīs paaudžu laikā mēs esam patērējuši
pusi no naftas
ko radijusi fotosintēze astoņu miljonu paaudžu laikā.
Divu paaudžu laikā mēs izlietojām
pusi no urānā
Ja turpināsim zvejot ar pašreizējiem apjomiem uz

Screw u !
mums vairs nebūs komerciālās zvejniecības.
Resursu cīņa turpinās...
Ar globālās sasilšanas draudiem, naftas rezervju izbeigšanos, ātomdraudiem - Mums nav pārāk daudz izvēles iespējas.
Permakūltūra ir dizains.
Ja gribam saglabāt civilizāciju un skaisto planētu ko pazistam.
Tip: Kad paaugas tomāti (20-25 aug) iesēj rudzus apakšējā stāvā.

Rudzi jaapsedz ar zemi dīgst tumsā.
nerušināt! likt klāt zemi - tomātu saknes ir sekli.
vai sinepes
+ augsnes atveseļošana
+ zaļā sega
+ sēnīšu sporas kavē ( tās attīstās si'āā mitrā ugsnē)
tās vnk izsvaida.
20-25 cm augstus iestrādā zemē
Partikas ražošanas decentralizācija
The term permaculture was first coined in
in Australia by
Bill Mollison
David Holmgren
. The word permaculture originally referred to “permanent agriculture” but was expanded to stand also for “permanent culture,” as it was seen that social aspects were integral to a truly sustainable system
Uzdevums audzēt zemi un tā pateicībā sniegs augļus.
Barības vielas
akmens = silts
Rent me!
Full transcript