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Turkey and Syria

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by

alper akgun

on 8 December 2014

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Transcript of Turkey and Syria

Area:

780.000 km2

Economic Relationship Between
Turkey and Syria

OVERVIEW
Historic Background
Economic Relationship Before Syrian Civil War
Turkey's Economic Relationship with Other Neighbour Countries
Influence of the Civil War to Relationship Between Turkey and Syria
Economic Relationship After Syrian Civil War
TURKEY
SYRIA
Capital City:
Ankara

Population:

74.3 million

Language:

Turkish

Religion:

Islam

Money Currency:

Turkish Lira (TL)

TURKEY
SYRIA
Capital City:

Damascus (ash-Sham)
Population:
22 million
Area:

185.000 km2
Language:

Arabic
Religion:

Islam
Money Currency:

Syrian pound (SYP)
Economy of Turkey
GDP:

$1.288 Trillion(2011)
GDP Per Capita:

$10,498
GDP by Sector:
Agriculture: 9.4%; Industry: 25.9%; Services: 64.7% (2009)
Public Dept:

43% of GDP (Q1 2012)
Inflation:

%7.80
Unemployment:

7.7%
Labour Force:

25.3 million
Gross External Debt:
$274 billion
Economy of Turkey
Import:
$235.49 billion (2010)
Import Goods:
Machinery, semi-finished goods, fuels, transport equipment
Main Import Partners:
Russia 14%, Germany 10%, China 9%, U.S. 6.1%, Italy 5.4%
Export:

$143.93 billion (2010)
Export Goods:
Clothing,textiles,foodstuffs
Main Export Partners:
Germany 9.6%,
France 6.1%, U.K. 5.8%, Italy 5.8%
Economy of Syria
GDP:
$64.7 billion (2011)
GDP Per Capita:

$5,100
GDP by Sector:

Agriculture (16.9%),
Industry (27.4%), Services (55.7%)
Public Dept:
34.4% of GDP
Unemployment:

12.3%
Inflation:
30% (2012)
Labour Force:
5.642 million
Gross External Debt:
$8.006 billion
Economy of Syria
Import:

$13.81 billion (2011)

Import Goods:
machinery and transport equipment,food and livestock

Main Import Partners:
China 10.8%, Saudi Arabia 10.1%, Turkey 7%,Italy 4.9

Export:

$12.66 billion

Export Goods:
crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables

Main Export Partners:
Iraq 31.4%,
Lebanon 12.7%, Germany 9.2%,

Historic Background
1938
Hatay Annexation
In 1938 Republic of Hatay became independent from the French mandate of Syria as the Republic of Hatay and following a referendum, 8 months later in 1939, it decided to join Turkey.This self annextion was never recognized by syria,Wwhich continues to show the Hatay province of Turkey as part of turkey as part of Syria's territory on maps
Syrians still consider this land as integral Syrian territory. Syrians call this land Liwaaa Aliskenderuna rather than the Turkish name of Hatay.
1973
Water Politics
Water disputes have been a major source of conflict as Turkey has constructed several dams on the Euphrates(Fırat) and Tigris(Dicle) rivers as part of the Southeastern Anatolia Project- GAP to develop the region.
The project GAP was aimed at reducing the harsh living conditions of the Southeastern provinces of Turkey by building 19 dams on the rivers of Euphrates and Tigris. This project, however, would seriously restrain the Syrian water resources.
1998
Support of Terrorism
Turkey has condemned Syria for supporting the PKK, which is listed as a terrorist organization internationally by a number of states and organizations, including the USA, NATO and the EU and has claimed that Syria employed Alois Brunner to train Kurdish militants for attacks against Turkey
In 1998,Turkey and Syria came to the brink of war,when Turkey threatened military action if Syria continued to shelter Abdullah Öcalan(PKK Leader) in Damascus, his long-time safe haven.
After that,Öcalan was expelled by Damascus and Turkey and Syria signed Adana Agreement which is cooperation against terrorism.
Turkey and Syria
TURKEY
SYRIA
Population:
22,530,746
Area:
185.000 km2
Area: 185.000 km2
Religion:
Islam
Money Currency:
Syrian Pound
Capital City:
Damascus (Sham)
SYRIA
Economic Relationship Before
Syrian Civil War

Never let them change you !
Electrical machines, mineral fuels, animal and vegetable oil, plastics, automotive products, iron and steel products, processed petroleum products, chemical products, cement, glass, ceramics, products of brick and tile industry, leather products, forest products, wheat, flour and margarine are major products exported to Syria.
Mineral fuels, cotton, oilseed and fruits, automotive and subsidiary industry products, paper and carton paper, vegetables, unprocessed animal hide, fertilizer and wool are major products imported from Syria.
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Investments of Turkish companies in Syria are nearly 260 million dollars and Turkish companies take the first place in the ranking of foreign investments with respect to project number.
General and Economic Data About Turkey and Syria
Export and Import Goods
The Turkish investment in Syria has also increased considerably as well as the number of tourists travelling across Turkish and Syrian borders. The touristic visits between the two countries more than doubled especially after the Visa Exemption Agreement was signed in 2009.
The improvig relations between Turkey and Syria contributed positively to bilateral trade, investment and tourism. The entry into force of the Free Trade Agreement on 1 January 2007 led to a swift increase in trade volume between Turkey and Syria. As a result, the trade volume rose from 796 million USD in 2006 to 2.5 billion USD in 2010. Turkey’s imports from Syria is 663 million USD and Turkey’s exports to Syria is 1.85 billion USD in 2010.-
Turkey's Economic Relationship with
Other Neighbour Countries
BULGARIA
GEORGIA
SYRIA
IRAQ
IRAN
ARMENIA
GREECE
In 2011, Turkey was among the first five trading partners of Bulgaria. The bilateral trade volume between Turkey and Bulgaria increased from 2,4 billion Euros in 2010 to 2,83 billion Euros in 2011.
In Turkey’s export to Bulgaria, iron and steel, motor vehicles, electric and non-electric machinery and equipment, plastics and plastic goods are ahead.
The main products of great importance in Turkey's imports from Bulgaria are respectively, iron and steel, copper and copper goods, mineral fuels and mineral oils.
In this context, 1.491.561 Bulgarian citizens visited Turkey in 2011. It is estimated that the number of Turkish tourists visiting Bulgaria is around 30.000-35.000. Visa requirement for Turkish citizens constitutes the biggest impediment on the way to increasing this number.
The bilateral economic and trade relations have a positive progress in parallel to political ties. Thanks to the Free Trade Agreement between the two countries, since 2007 Turkey has been Georgia’s biggest trade partner. Consequently, Turkey and Georgia's bilateral trade volume has reached 1.104 billion USD in 2010, which equals to 16.5% of Georgia’s total foreign trade.
Turkish investments to Georgia between 1997 and 2010 have reached the level of 682.3 million USD.
Iraq is currently Turkey’s one of the largest trading partner in the world. In 2010, Iraq was Turkey’s 5th largest export partner and in 2011, Iraq has been the second largest destination for Turkish exports.
Turkish goods exports to Iraq in 2011 were 8.3 billion $, up 37,7 % (6.03 billion $) from 2010.
The top export goods for 2011 were: iron and steel,cereals,electrical machinery and equipment ,vegetable and fruits and finished products from metals
Turkish goods imports from Iraq totaled 2.5 billion $ in 2011, up 85% (1.35 billion $) from 2010.
The top 5 imports goods for 2010 were: crude oil; gold ,other products of chemical industry, plastics and road transport vehicles
Iran was Turkey’s 10th largest goods export market in 2011.
Turkish goods exports to Iran in 2011 were 3,6 billion $, up 50% (3 billion $) from 2010.
Iran was Turkey’s 6th largest supplier of goods imports in 2011.
Turkey imported goods from Iran 12,5 billion $ in 2011, up 63% (7,6 billion $) from 2010.
Greece was Turkey’s 23th largest goods export market in 2011.
Turkish goods exports to Greece in 2011 were 1.6 billion $, up 6.7% (1.5 billion $) from 2010.
Greece was Turkey’s 22th largest supplier of goods imports in 2011.Turkish goods imports from Greece totaled 2.6 billion $ in 2011, up 66.6% (1.5 billion $) from 2010.
TURKEY
Influence of the Civil War to Relationship
Between Turkey and Syria

Syrian Civil War
The Syrian civil war began to impact Turkey when at least 3,000 Syrian refugees fled crackdowns by the Syrian army on towns such as Jisr ash-Shugur operation.After that Prime Minister of Turkey,Recep Tayyip Erdoğan described Anatolian Agency to his feeling that;''Syria are not acting in humane manner,this isn't acceptable.This is savagery.''
He also announced that "We are completely suspending all of these trade relations, all agreements between Turkey and Syria have been suspended."
Syrian Civil War
On 22 June 2012, Syria shot down a Turkish Air Force RF-4E reconnaissance jet near the Turkish-Syrian border.
On 3 October 2012, Turkey attacked troops in Syria, after Syrian mortar shell killed five Turkish civilians in Akcakale.

Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan announced October 5th "We are not interested in war, but we're not far from it either,"
During the past 10 years of the AKP rule, Davutoglu's strategy of "zero problem with neighbors" shaped Turkey's new foreign policy
The Turkish government's main priority had been to expand Turkey's area of influence. Until 2011, Turkey and Syria were close allies.
The AKP's zero-problem policy was first challenged by the Arab Spring uprisings in North Africa and the Middle East and faced an even greater challenge in neighboring Syria.
Syrian Civil War
Economic Relationship After
Syrian Civil War
In 2011,exports from Turkey to Syria decreased by %13 and imports by %12.
In the first quarter of 2012 which conflicts are increased,exports decreased by %57 and imports by %82.
There is 243 million $ lost in export.
Export (million $)
2007
798
2008
1.115
2009
1.425
2010
1.845
2011
1.611
There is 139 million $ lost in import.

Import (million $)
2007
377
2008
639
2009
328
2010
663
2011
524
Transportation is influenced heavily by the suspending all the trade agreement including free transition.

This conflicts between Turkey and Syria also effected tourism.There is a decrease in tourist number who come from Syria to Turkey.In the beginning of 2012 there was decrease by %6.
Alper Akgün
Marziye Genç
Zekiye Taşbey
Full transcript