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TCV2015 - Wartime orders (wk12)
Transcript of TCV2015 - Wartime orders (wk12)
Meet Cherif Ousmane, a charismatic 'comzone'
State making as organised crime?
Puzzle: from business protection racket to public service delivery
Agents of administration
Education and social mobility in post-Independence Cote d'Ivoire
Parents' mobilisation ('COGES')
Smart military commanders
Plethora of sociological literature on household's educational strategies prior war
Gbagbo's strategic mistake
Low-cost involvement with political dividends:
- international credit (extraversion)
- domestic peace
Deepening the reflection
Transformative character of wars
--> Cote d'Ivoire: shell of the state maintained / its personnel replaced
Ramifications with underground economy / organised crime
Models of rebel rule
An emerging field yet not so new 1/2
Why do some rebel groups loot and destroy while others build orders and deliver public services to populations?
An emerging field yet not so new 2/2
Why not so new? Intersections with other fields
1) History of empires (indirect rule v direct rule)
2) State governance, corruption, personal rule, 'para-sovereignty'
3) Vigilantism (often tolerated by the state / fallacy of the "monopoly of violence")
How are decisions formed?
Modeling variation in wartime orders in rebel-controlled areas
1) Ana Arjona
2) Zachariah Mampilly
- Factors from within (aims, ideologies...)
- Factors from outside (diaspora, foreign interveners)
- Factors from below (state penetration, taxation system)
--> do all of these factors have the same epistemological status?
A crucial demand: same degrees as in the South
Temporary state substitution in Cote d'Ivoire
Northern Mali 2012: Subversion of the state?
- An explicit counter-model: Sharia Law (judiciary)
- Does Sharia Law mean complete rupture with the past?
- Variation between
(Droukdel papers), and
(efficient Hs&Ms as opposed to MNLA)?
- Key importance of security provision to pop.
Two original propositions
1) Wars produce order
2) Civilians are not bystanders