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Chapter 4.6 - Organize Your Speech

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Elsa Garcia

on 17 March 2015

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Transcript of Chapter 4.6 - Organize Your Speech

The Elements of Public Speaking
Chapter 4.6 - Organize Your Speech
Prof. Elsa García
The Steps in Public Speaking Preparation and Delivery
After Step 5:
Develop Your Main Points
Eliminate points less relevant to thesis
Combine points that have common focus
Select points that are most relevant or interesting to audience
Use two to four major points
Word main points in parallel style
Develop main points so they are separate and discrete
Step 6:
Organize Your Speech
Organizing will help guide the speech preparation process
Organizing will help your audience understand your speech
Organizing will help your audience remember your speech
Organizing will help establish your credibility
Step 6:
Organize Your Speech
Temporal
Spatial
Topical
Problem-Solution
Cause-Effect/Effect-Cause
Motivated sequence

Step 7:
Construct Your Introduction, Conclusion, and Transitions
Introductions
Gain attention
Ask a question
Use humor
Use a presentation aid
Use a quotation
Cite a little-known fact
Use an illustration or dramatic story
Establish connection
Orient audience

Conclusions
Summarize
Restate thesis, importance, main points
Motivate
Ask for specific response
Provide directions for action
Close
Use a quote
Pose a challenge or question
Refer back to introduction
Thank audience

Transitions
Connectives
Previews
Reviews
Signposts
Pitfalls in Introductions,
Conclusions, and Transitions
Introductions
Don’t apologize
Avoid promising something you won’t deliver
Avoid gimmicks
Don’t introduce your speech with ineffective statements
Conclusions
No new material
Don’t dilute
End crisply
Transitions
Numbers
Proportions

Outlining Your Speech
Preface the outline with identifying data
Outline the introduction, body and conclusion as separate units
Insert transitions
Include a list of references
Use a consistent set of symbols
Use visual aspects to reflect the organizational pattern
Use complete, declarative sentences
Sample Outlines
The Preparation Outline
Template Outline
The Phrase/Key-Word Presentation Outline
Be brief
Be clear
Be delivery minded
Rehearse with presentation outline
Full transcript