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Principles of Collectivism and Individualism

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Taylor Penney

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of Principles of Collectivism and Individualism

Principles of Collectivism Economic Equality Co-operation Working together to the same end; a principle emphasized by collectivist ideologies -A principle common to collectivist ideologies which can have different meanings depending on the person or the ideology. Governments may try to foster economic equality through tax policies and by ensuring that all people earn equal wages for work of similar value. Examples
-people with larger incomes should pay more taxes
-All people should earn equal wages for work of similar vale
-there should be a guaranteed annual income
-All people should share in the wealth of the country or the world
-People should own the means of production collectively
-Everything should be free. There should be no private property -Principles
-Voluntary and open membership
-Democratic control by members
-Economic participation by members Daycare centers, health-care centers, stores and credit unions are examples of enterprises that can be owned by a co-operative. Public Property Anything not privately owned by individuals. Public property is owned by the state or the community, and managed according to the best interests of the community. Examples
-Parks, schools, roads libraries, Crown land and Crown corporations in Canada Public property is maintained witin public money raised through taxes. Collective Interest -Interests of a group
-while individual members may have individual interests, these interests are often better addressed by making them a common set of interests that the group can address together. Examples
-Labour movement during the industrial revolution - protesting for better working conditions and higher wages
-Assembly of the First Nations - A group that involves the leaders of the First Nations tribes of Canada, that discuss how society affects their culture. Collective Responsibility -Holding a whole group or collective responsible for the actions of individuals within the group or collective Adherence to collective norms Faithful observance of the norms or standards imposed on members of a group as a condition of membership in the group. These norms can relate to conduct, values, or appearance. Examples
Sororities, Fraternities
Faith groups
Trade unions Example
-Responsibility Hitler held with the Jews
-Holding a sports team accountable for the actions of the members
-A political party having the responsibility of the circumstances of the decisions of the leader. Principles of Individualism Rule of Law A key principle in Liberal democracies that states that every individual is equal before the law and all citizens are subject to the law Examples
-when a police officer or member of the armed forces is subject to law
-British nobleman Conrad Black was sentenced to six years in prison
-Italian Prime minister Silvio Berlusconi tried to get his bribery charges waved because he was in a position of power. Individual Rights and Freedoms -A key principle of individualism and an important feature of liberal democracies
-Rights and freedoms of an individual in a society Examples
-Freedom of religion
-Freedom of association
-The right to vote
-The right to life, liberty, and the security of the person 1832- English middle class men got the right to vote
1919- English women over the age of 30 were able to vote
1789-French men were given the right to vote
2004-Prisoners in Canada were allowed to vote Private Property Something that is owned by an individual including real estate, other forms of physical possessions and intellectual property. Causes conflict between the government and the individual with regards to resources Examples
-Patents
-Greenpeace Mexico and the DuPont coorperation Economic Freedom The freedom to buy what you want and to sell your labour, idea or product to whomever you wish No barriers for trade, no taxes on products, buisness freedom, trade freedom, fiscal freedom, degree of government regulation, monetary freedom, investment freedom, financial freedom, property rights, freedom from corruption, labour freedom. The Great Depression showed aspects of economic freedom Self-Interest -Ones personal interest or advantage
-The interest of a corporation or business in an economy
-The concept of supply and demand working together without government involvement Supported by Adam Smith in the 18th century in his theory of the "invisible hand" Directly influenced by competition Competition The act or an instance of competing of contending with others -Businesses and corporations compete for employees and customers in an economy.
-Increased wages, lower prices, better benefits and hours, increase in the quality of the work place. These are all examples of things companies do to compete for employers and customers.
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