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Architecture of the Philippines

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Kurtis David

on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of Architecture of the Philippines

Entrance was 40 feet high! Architecture of the Philippines Kurtis David Precolonial Architecture What was it like? Pragmatic. Eco-friendly. Post World War II Architecture Spanish-Influenced Architecture History of the Philippines 50,000 Years Ago First inhabitants appear in the Philippines. 1521 Ferdinand Magellan lands in the Philippines and claims it for Spain. 1896 National Hero José Rizal executed for advocating Revolution. 1898 The Philippines is ceded to the United States. 1942 Japan invades and occupies the Philippines for 2 years during WWII. 1946 The US recaptures the Philippines in 1944, only to grant it full independence 2 years later. Examples of Pre-Colonial Architecture: Maranao Torogan Bahay Kubo Steep Roof 1-2 meters high stilts Safeguarded against floods, insects and snakes. Nipa Leaves Kawayan, or bamboo. "The Nipa hut is a perfect example of a totally green structure, a showcase of extreme simplicity and sustainability that has been around for a very long time."

-Ronald Jong Maranao Torogan Very important to the Muslim province of Maranao. Variety of uses, such as (1) a meeting place, (2) festive celebrations, (3) sultan's living quarters. Wooden Materials Stone boulders First made of bamboo, like the nipa hut Now currently covered with galvanized iron sheets. Replaced by wooden planks. Provided air circulation protection against termites and water absorption supported wooden floor beams Has been modified often, to make a more contemporary feel. Okir Motifs With the arrival of Magellan in 1521, Spanish Catholism spreads to the Philippines. Converts many citizens, through the building of churches. San Agustin Church Completed in 1607 by the Order of St. Augustine. Designated as a World Heritage site by the UNESCO organization Only structure to withstand the bombing on the city in 1945. Located in ancient walled city of Intramuros Oldest stone church in the Philippines. Primarily composed of stone Baroque Doors Interior = latin cross Trompe l'oeil ceiling Alberoni and Dibella - 1875 Perception of 3D Geometric patterns Fort Santiago Rebuilt in 1592 with stone; previously destroyed by Chinese pirates. 22 feet high Suffered major damage during the attack of Manila, but restored again in 1980s. 8 feet thick Fort Santiago is not used for protection today. Interestingly... Fort Santiago is the location of Rizal's execution and the musuem displays his footsteps before his death. Instead, it is a museum that displays the Spanish dungeons inside. Also houses the José Rizal Shrine. Coconut Palace Its original purpose was to house former Pope John Paul II during his visit to the Philippines. Built in Pasay City in 1981. Currently houses the Philippines VP, Jejomar Binay. In addition, it contains rooms that display the Philippines several areas' heritages and exports. It also uses hardwood, but the primary material used for the structure is specially engineered coconut lumber. The Coconut Palace is mainly comprised of coconut products, hence its name. Parish of the Holy Sacrifice Designed by the National Artist of Architecture Leandro Locsin. Concrete Dome Pillars as support all around Natural lighting and ventilation Works Cited Alvarez, Allan. "Maranao Torogan: An Ethnographic Perspective « field chronicles." Field
Chronicles. Web. 29 Nov. 2012.

"Fort Santiago” Viator | Travel With an Insider. Web. 4 Dec. 2012.

Jong, Ronald. "Bahay Kubo." Asia Travel Guides: Things Asian: Asia Travel Site: ThingsAsian.
Web. 29 Nov. 2012.

Maranga, Mark. “Coconut Palace” Web. 4 Dec. 2012.

Mildenstein, Tammy. "Philippines: Arts and Landmarks." World Geography: Understanding a
Changing World.ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 1 Dec. 2012.

Noche, Manuel. "National Commission for Culture and the Arts." Official website of the
National Commission for Culture and the Arts of the Philippines. Web. 28 Nov. 2012.

"Parish of the Holy Sacrifice." Best of Philippine Architecture, Architects, News | Arkitekturang
Filipino. Web. 5 Dec. 2012.

"San Agustin Church." Best of Philippine Architecture, Architects, News | Arkitekturang
Filipino. Web. 4 Dec. 2012.

Villalobos, Silvia. "Fort Santiago ."Demotix. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. Works Cited
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http://www.flickr.com/photos/nakedmonke/430479297/ Makati City
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