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Portrait Abstract Painting - lesson

Abstract lesson for design and draw class
by

maegan stanbury

on 9 February 2016

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Transcript of Portrait Abstract Painting - lesson

What is Abstract Art?
Abstract Art
Seurat – ‘La Grande Jatte’
Van Gogh – ‘Starry Starry Night’
Before abstract art was invented, most artists painted in a realistic style.


This began to change when artists such as Van Gogh and Seurat started to simplify their pictures.
Around 1900, a group of artists called the Fauvists began to simplify their shapes, and change their colors even more.
Cubism began around 1910. Picasso is the most famous Cubist artist.
GRADUALLY, ARTISTS THOUGHT LESS ABOUT THE SUBJECT MATTER, AND MORE ABOUT THE SHAPES AND COLORS IN THEIR PAINTINGS.
This painting is by Kandinsky.
It is called ‘Yellow, Red, Blue’ and
was painted in 1925
Abstract Painting really took off in the 1920's and 1930's with Kandinsky and Mondrian.
Abstract art is any art which does not contain figurative or representational content.

A true abstract painting is composed only of shapes and colors.


This is another abstract painting by Kandinsky.

Some objects in it are recognizable.

What can you see?
Piet Mondrian used a process of simplification which led him to produce his famous geometric abstracts also known as "Color Blocking".
Mark Rothko

Just as a piece of instrumental music is composed only of sounds, so an abstract painting is an attempt to convey a mood through the use of color, shape and texture.”
Multi-colored brushstrokes.

Direct, stabbing strokes of paint (dabs and dashes).

Suggestions, not realistic depictions of what is there.
Claude Monet (1840-1926):
Monet was obsessed with nature; most of the paintings he created in his lifetime were created outdoors and showed his attempt to capture his personal “Impressions” of what he saw- light, color, textures, different times of day. Some art historians have considered Monet and the Impressionists the first “abstract” painters…
Visible, flat, “blocky” brushstrokes, and lots of them!

Less “polished” appearance overall, meant to show immediacy. He sometimes used a palette knife to paint to get this effect!

Used color to show depth and perspective in his paintings!

Mixed colors directly on the canvas!

Breaks down objects into basic geometrical forms (like spheres, cylinders, etc).
Paul Cezanne(1830-1910): Cezanne has inspired countless artists and entire movements for over a century, resulting in his title as the "Father of Modernism." Though he lived during the glory days of Impressionism and frequently used Impressionist techniques, his methods changed drastically over the course of his life and he is more often considered a Post-Impressionist. His attention to geometrical forms was influential on the development of Cubism, another famous abstract painting style!
Lots of intense, bright, high contrast colors!

Use of patterns and decorative motifs.

Fluid, stylized drawing style with visible contour lines.
Henri Matisse (1890-1950):
Matisse’s work in all media- painting, paper cut outs, or sculpture- is a series of fanfares to harmony. Pattern, color; every stroke is laid on the working surface with feeling, with a purpose. Even the most severely abstract images are sound.
Space in the image is flattened.

Use of patterns, repetition of motifs and/or colors.

Multiple viewpoints contained within the same picture plane.

Portrait images sometimes show Picasso’s interest in African masks and Non-Western art.

Earlier paintings: lots of earth tones. Later paintings: brighter, more intense color schemes!
Pablo Picasso(1880-1970):
Picasso challenged many academic beliefs about art and painting, expanding on ideas of form and space started by Cezanne. Using the flat, 2 dimensional surface of a canvas, he tried to show all the volumes of an object in space and its relation to other objects in space, without being decorative. Kinda like looking at an image in a broken mirror. He used things like African masks to depart from older, traditional ideals of beauty.
To Do List:
1.
Create and paint a Color wheel in your sketchbook. This will be used as reference when painting and will count as a sketchbook assignment.

2.
You may choose a picture of yourself on your phone or Take picture of yourself and print it. You will be responsible for printing it out.

3.
Use the grid transfer method to enlarge your portrait onto 6 - ply tag board. Keep it simple not every single detail has to be present as you will divide your picture into 4 parts and practice 4 different abstract artist's styles.

4.
You may choose to use acrylic in all four sections or if it suits your vision may mix up medias, graphite, pastels, watercolor, collage. IF you choose to go this route it is a bit more challenging as you will have to keep in mind the principles of unity and harmony, BUT the overall effect will be worth the effort.
What we will be doing:
Creating an abstract portrait from a photograph you take!
Abstract Portrait Rubric

Please note: you
will be grading
yourself!!
This includes the
"selfie" you will be
taking, not
wasting time in
the computer lab
and dividing the
piece into four
sections creatively.
I will be using Angelina's
portrait for demonstration
purposes but you are
required to use your own
Divide your portrait in an interesting way
Each section will be in the
style of an abstract artist.
There are so many out there
to choose from.
Keep in mind which artist's style might serve which part of your face better. Picasso may work better for eyes, whereas Miro or Kandinsky may serve blank areas such as hair or forehead.
A list of 100 Abstract Artists have been complied for you.
Many of these artists range from movements such as Cubism, Minimalism, Pop Art, expressionism, Impressionism, Fauvism and Constructionism.
This list will be distributed to you.
This will not only provide you with the opportunity to look at some great artists and their works but this is your chance to explore different genres in your artwork.
Don't be afraid to push yourself and have fun!
How to spot a Monet:
Much like Piet Mondrian, Mark Rothko evolved the "Color Blocking" style into his own.
How to spot a Rothko:
Gestural brushstrokes

Color blending is visable on the canvas

No hard edges, soft blurred lines
How to spot a Cezanne:
How to spot a Matisse:
How to spot a Picasso:
Full transcript