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Sexually Transmitted Infections

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by

Naomi gill

on 12 June 2011

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Transcript of Sexually Transmitted Infections

Chlamydia Sexually Transmitted Infections How they are spread Why you should be worried The signs Avoiding infection Always use a condom Chronic pelvic pain, pain during sex, infertility, rectal infection, increased risk of acquiring HIV Most don’t have any symptoms. Look out for discharge from your penis, pain when you urinate bleeding between periods or pelvic pain. Most often transmitted by vaginal or anal sex without a condom. Reported numbers have quadrupled in last 10 years. 80% of reported cases are in 15 – 29 year olds. Risks if left untreated Why you should be worried Syphilis How they are spread The signs Risks if left untreated Avoiding infection Always use a condom. Heart failure, lack of balance, shooting pains, dementia, widespread ulcers, increased risk of HIV Early stages: a painless ulcer. Can then develop into a rash across the whole body, flu – like symptoms and swollen glands. Transmitted through skin to skin contact with an infected area, and oral, vaginal or anal sex without a condom. Rate of infections have increased in recent years, particularly in homosexually active men, and some Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander communities Genital Herpes Why you should be worried How they are spread The signs Avoiding infection Condoms reduce your risk but only protect the skin that is covered. Herpes virus can cause meningitis, and exposed blisters can increase the risk of acquiring HIV Some people show no signs of infections. Others suffer from painful genital blisters, pain on passing urine, fever, swollen glands and headaches. Transmitted through vaginal, anal or oral sex without a condom, and genital skin to skin contact More than 1 in 10 Australians carry the virus responsible for genital herpes Gonorrhoea Why you should be worried The signs Risks if left untreated Avoiding infection Always use a condom Pain during sex, infertility, wider infections attacking your joints and skin For men: Smelly discharge, swollen testicles
For women: Vaginal discharge, pain on urination but can have no symptoms Spread by vaginal, anal or oral sex without a condom It’s the second most commonly reported STI HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Why you should be worried How they are spread Risks if left untreated Condoms reduce your risk but only protect the skin that is covered. Some sub types of HPV cause cervical, anal and penile abnormalities or cancer. Most individuals don’t know they carry HPV. The most unpleasant symptoms are genital warts, which can multiply, grow and bleed. Usually spread by direct skin to skin contact, or during vaginal and anal sex without a condom. It’s the most common sexually transmissible infection in developed countries. If you’re a women, talk to your doctor about vaccination HIV/AIDS Why you should be worried How they are spread The signs Risks if left untreated Avoiding infection Always use a condom Infection with HIV can lead to the development of AIDS, which has so far led to over 6,700 deaths across Australia. Often remains undetected. Can feel like flu, or cause extreme fatigue and weight loss, unusual marks in the mouth/skin Passed on by anal or vaginal sex without a condom, from mother to baby (during childbirth and breastfeeding) and sharing needles. Reported HIV cases have begun to increase in recent years. How they are spread The Signs Avoiding infection Risks if left untreated want more info??? http://www.sti.health.gov.au/internet/sti/publishing.nsf/content/resources7 http://au.reachout.com/find/issues/sex-pregnancy/sexually-transmitted-infections http://www.sti.health.gov.au/internet/sti/publishing.ns/content/campaign5
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