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Revolutionary War Timeline
Transcript of Revolutionary War Timeline
east of the Mississippi River except New
Orleans to the British 1763 The Proclamation of 1763 To prevent conflict between the colonists and Indians The Proclamation prohibited settlement west of the Appalachian mountains TO help cover the costs of the French and Indian War and protection on the frontier, the British imposed taxes on the colonists. 1763 1763 English Parliament sought to pay off the war debt brought on by the French and Indian War and to help pay for the expenses of running the colonies and surrounding territories. Sugar Act Increased the duties on imported sugar and other items such as textiles, coffee, wines, and indigo. It also forbids the import of foreign rum and French wines. 1764 Each colonial assembly was directed to provide for the basic needs of soldiers stationed within the borders. Quartering Act Specified items included bedding, cooking utensils, firewood, beer or cider, and candles. 1765 Required colonists to house troops not only as previously required, but also in private homes. Quartering Act of 1774 1774 Tax on legal documents. Required that a stamp be bought for all legal documents and other items such as playing cards, newspapers, etc. Stamp Act Marked the beginning of organized opposition to British rule. Such as The Stamp Act Congress and Sons of Liberty. 1765 The stamp act is repealed. The same day parliament passes the Declaratory act. Declaratory Act The Declaratory Act states that Parliament still has the power to levy taxes on the colonists. 1766 Parliament puts duties on imported goods. Townshend Act 1767 examples include: tea, paper, glass, & paints. A Drunken mob harasses British soldiers who then fire their muskets pointblank into the crowd, killing three instantly, wounding two others, and injuring 6 others. Boston Massacre The Royal Governor of Massachusetts withdraws British troops out of Boston and The captain Thomas Preston is arrested along with 8 other men and all are charged with murder. March 5th ,1770 Revolutionary War Timeline Named after Britain's chief financial officer, Charles Townshend, the act was used for "the support of civil government" in the colonies Even though an "indirect tax," colonists were upset because they still saw it as "taxation without representation." Colonists started boycott. In 1772, Samuel Adams, James Otis, and other Bostonians started the Committee of Correspondence. Committees of Correspondence 1773 This committee was formed to coordinate resistance throughout the colonies, and by 1774 all the colonies participated. In an effort to help the struggling British East India Company, a law passed letting the company sell their tea in American colonies without paying regular taxes. T
t 1773 The company's bargain prices led many colonists to buy this tea, which then put many American tea merchants out of business. Final spark to the Revolutionary Movement. 1783 On the night of December 16, 1773, colonists disguised themselves as Mohawk Indians. They went aboard three tea ships, broke open the crates, and dumped out 45 tons of tea. Boston Tea Party December 16, 1773 A series of laws passed by Parliament. Coercive Acts
(Intolerable Acts) 1774 All commercial shipping in Boston shut down until taxes
owed on the tea dumped into the Harbor was payed for and the British East India Company reimbursed. Quartering Act applied to
private residences. Almost all positions in the colonial government were to be appointed by the governor or king. Governor allowed to move trial of royal officials to another colony or Great Britain if believed to get a "more fair" trial. Took place at Carpenters Hall in Pennsylvania on September 5th to October 26, 1774. 1st Continental Congress All the colonies except Georgia sent delegates, who were elected by the colonial legislators or by the committee of correspondence of the respective colonies. George Washington from Virginia was a leading figure, as were Patrick Henry and Richard Henry Lee. September 5th to October 26, 1774 First gathered in May 1775, many of the same delegates from the First Continental Congress returned. The newer delegates included Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, and Thomas Jefferson. 2nd Continental Congress The Americans were divided in that some leaned toward independence... and others toward compromise which meant more colonial self-rule. Such as Samuel Adams, John Adams, Patrick Henry, & Richard Lee Henry. Led by John Dickinson May 10, 1775 to March 1, 1781 Battle of Lexington and Concord
"The Shot Heard 'round the World" April 19th 1774 In June 1775, American troops occupied two hills north of Boston: Breeds Hill and Bunker Hill. Battle at Bunker Hill June 17, 1775 The British won the Battle at Bunker Hill, but victory came with a tremendous cost. Nearly 1,100 of 2,400 British soldiers there had been killed or wounded. On June 17, 1775 the British army attacked. The British launched three assaults on the patriots. Finally on the third attack, the British succeeded and captured Breed's Hill. The Patriots having used all of their ammunition were forced to retreat. British forces then quickly overran the second, weaker Patriot position on nearby Bunker Hill. British soldiers received orders to seize supplies at Concord after getting a tip that supplies were hidden there. Patriots found out about the seizure and sent Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Dr. Samuel Prescott to alert others. Another British army led by General Burgoyne objective was to cut New England off from the rest of the colonies. Battle Of Saratoga At Lexington, a small militia of Patriots met the soldiers and when a Patriot fired a shot at the soldiers. The soldiers reacted: 8 Americans were killed and 10 wounded. When the soldiers reached Concord, they destroyed what was left of the Patriots' stockpile. When the troops went back to Boston, about 4 thousand Patriots shot at them from behind trees and stone walls. Over 70 British soldiers were killed and 170 wounded. The Patriots total number of people killed, wounded, and missing combined only amounted to 90. The Americans were not happy with Burgoyne's idea, so they retreated in Burgoyne's path, they destroyed trees and knocked trees in the road to slow his forces down. In mid September General Gates attacked Burgoyne's forces and in October 1777 Burgoyne surrendered his army. As a result of Burgoyne's surrender, it formally brought France in the war as an American Ally. October 17, 1777 Washington's troops joined Lafayette's troops. Britain's Cornwallis is left to face an army twice the size of his own. Battle of Yorktown Cornwallis suffered many casualties at Cowpens, South Carolina. Common Sense was an important document that expressed both levels of the Revolution. Written by Thomas Paine. Thomas Paine's, Common Sense Unable to escape, Cornwallis surrenders to Washington on October 19, 1781. October 19, 1781 He wrote in a simple, direct style, suggesting that anyone could understand the conflict between Great Britain and the Colonists. Common Sense persuaded many readers especially those who favored a peaceful settlement of differences with the British Government to support a likely violent break with Britain. Common Sense was written around the same of the Second Continental Congress was meeting in Philadelphia. Formally ended the Revolutionary War. Treaty of Paris 1783 Great Britain, France, Spain, and the United States had all been involved in the war. January 10th, 1776 Great Britain recognized the independence of the United States of America. The northern border between the U.S. and the British Canada was set from New England to the Mississippi River, primarily along the Great Lakes. Congress Pledged to recommend to the states that the right and property of American Loyalists be restored and that no future action be taken against them. Written by Thomas Jefferson. Declaration of Independence Clearly states the reasons of independence of the colonies and why the action is justified. Great Britain agreed to withdraw its remaining troops from United States territory. Jefferson's political ideas were based on the era of Enlightenment, an eighteenth century european movement that emphasized scientific views and improving society. The Mississippi River was established a the boundary between the new United States and Spanish territory to the west. Use of the river was forever open to to America and Britain. Florida was returned from Britain to Spain, and the border between Florida and the United States was set. Jefferson divided the Declaration into four parts: a preamble, a declaration of rights, a list of complaints against the king, and a revolution of independence. July 4th, 1776 B3 Connolly Emma Palya Laura Nash The End