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TALK IN LIFE AND LITERATURE
Transcript of TALK IN LIFE AND LITERATURE
A Little Reminder!
WHAT EXACTLY IS TALK?
How can we make the transcript more helpful?
Why do we talk and how do we learn the skill?
IS this talk? What makes you say this?
What about this?
What is our definition of talk???
Section A on a set play (‘The Crucible’)
Section B is a comparison between a transcript of a real-life conversation and talk within a literary piece (of any genre).
Talk in Life and Literature
The Question is always the following:
You will be given an extract from the set text.
Explore the ways in which [writer] presents………[e.g. attitudes to education]…………………in this passage. In your answer you must consider how the playwright uses literary, linguistic and rhetorical devices and conventions to create specific dramatic effects.
Text A is……(e.g. a conversation between two people in McDonald’s)
Text B is……(e.g. a poem in which two speakers talk about…)
THE FOLLOWING QUESTION WILL ALWAYS APPEAR:
‘Compare the two texts, commenting on the ways in which they reflect the differences and similarities between talk in life and talk in literature. You must consider the relationship between context, purpose and audience and the ways in which speakers’ attitudes and values are conveyed’
List 5 differences between talk in life and talk in literature.
Talk in Life and Literature
Differences between talk in life and talk in literature.
This is an oppositional view of speech and writing by the theorist, Baron.
In Section B, you must write about the difference between spontaneous talk and crafted talk.
The examiners want you to mention the following characteristics of everyday talk:
-Types of utterance (do they use questions, exclamations, statements? Why?)
-Address terms (how you address someone)
Question and answer structures (does it show equal status? Are there adjacency pairs?)
Length of turn and interruptions
Who is speaking?
How are they speaking?
Why are they speaking?
Who are they speaking to?
What are they speaking about?
Who is not speaking?
How are the other characters responding to what is said?
What can other people on stage not quite say, either to themselves or to others present?
What events have taken place prior to this extract?
What events will take place following this extract?
Questions to ask whilst reading the unseen extracts in Section B.
Look over your assignment from this week.
Which was easier to craft?
What do we gain from the literary piece that didn't exist from the transcript?
FEATURES OF SPONTANEOUS SPEECH.
On your tables, consider what we often see in speech that we don't see as regularly in crafted literature.
•Filled pauses: Sounds such as er, um, erm, etc. give speakers time to think.
•Fillers: Words such as "well, you know, I mean" which carry no meaning but give speaker time to plan what to say
•False starts: Speaker starts in a particular way, then changes their mind and begins again
.•Contracted forms. In addition to verbal contractions, some words are shortened: "Them= em"/because = cause".•
Ellipsis. Pronouns or relatives are omitted.
•Non-standard grammar. They break standard rules.
•Hesitations or silent pauses.
TASK: Go back to your transcript. Using the sheet- try and add in any helpful SPONTANEOUS FEATURES to your transcript. What do these add to our understanding?
Look over your piece of Literature - what information do you convey about character that is not part of the actual speech?
Is any of this information portrayed via movement, tone of voice, facial expression?