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Transcript of Versailles
Where is Versailles?
* Versailles is a city in France in the Yvelines departement in Ile de France region
*It is a city in Northern France
* It's about 16 Kilometers away from Paris
* The palace of Versailles (Louis XIV lived there) is in the out-skirts of the city of Versaille
*It's renowned worldwide for its château, the Château de Versailles and the gardens of Versailles which are all designated UNESCO ( United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization World Heritage Sites
What's Versailles Known For ?
GARDEN'S OF VERSAILLES
PALACE OF VERSAILLES
Facts About Versailles
* From the most recent consensus of 2009 the population of Versailles is around 86,477
* Versailles is historically known for numerous treaties such as the Treaty of Paris (1783), which ended the American Revolutionary War and the Treaty of Versailles, after World War I
* Versailles originated in 1631 as a hunting lodge for Louis XIII. His son Louis XIV built the now familiar palace on the site outside Paris and moved the nation’s government and court to Versailles in 1682
* Versailles remained the enter of French royal power, home to government offices until 1789 when a group of mostly female revolutionaries stormed the palace and essentially evicted Louis XVI and his queen, Marie-Antoinette
*The mob sent the royal couple back to Paris on the first steps of a journey that led eventually to their beheadings
(wife of Louis XIV)
PALACE OF VERSAILLES
* The most famous room at Versailles is the Grande Galerie, or the Hall of Mirrors, which was once haunted by courtiers playing politics or awaiting an audience with the monarch
*This same room later witnessed one of the defining moments of 20th-century European history when the Treaty of Versailles, ending the First World War, was signed within its walls in June 1919
* The Palace of Versailles offers visitors a chance to walk in the footsteps of royalty and visit intimate chambers, including the king’s grand apartments
PALACE OF VERSAILLES CONT'D
HALL OF MIRRORS ALSO KNOWN AS THE GRANDE GALERIE
* From a hunting lodge to a palace, government and modern day museum
* Back in the 1600 Versailles was a wild forest in which Louis XIII (13) had bought a piece of land, built a small chateau (small castle) so that he can go hunting
*But his son Louis XIV (14) had radically transformed Versaille into a centralised government of France with the king as it’s center. He replaced the small hunting lodge into a great big castle with a palace that contained north and south wings as well as buildings that housed ministries, gardens and a state of the art entertainment center that included theaters and complexes
*Today it’s a well known tourist attraction. What used to be the king’s headquarters is a furnished historical museum. And it’s surrounding spaces are home to various exhibits, halls and entertainment facilities like theaters, ballrooms etc.
The king's bedroom was the most important room in Versaille. It housed ceremonies of the king waking up and going to sleep surrounded by his courtiers. The king also had ceremonies for putting on and taking off his hunting boots
*Picture on next slide
*The Hall of Mirrors contains over 30 wall painting of what Louis (XIV) as King of France aspired to be. It depicts victories in battles, one example shows Louis with his army crossing the Rhine River in 1672. “Hair streaming, dressed in Roman style and holding a thunderbolt like a projectile, Louis sits godlike on a silver chariot pushed by Hercules"
*The design of the hall added to the effect. “Viewing was to be helped by the famous wall of mirrors, which diffuses the daylight, except above the windows, where the detail is shadowy.”
The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.