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Post War of 1812 & Monroe
Transcript of Post War of 1812 & Monroe
Winners and Losers of War of 1812
Missouri Problem &
Jackson in Florida
Monroe and the "Era of Good Feelings"
Antiwar Federalists look bad for opposing war.
December 1814- Secret meeting
Proposed amending the Constitution
Slaves don't count towards pop. in House of Reps.
2/3 vote in Congress to declare war
limit the president to 1 term
Goal: reduced the South's political power
The Hartford Convention looked very unpatriotic after war!
Victory gave rise to
pride in one's country
War also showed
division among regions of a country (North vs. South/West)
Winners of the war=War Hawks
War Hawks favored trade and westward expansion
Large homeland seized
British no longer protects them
James Monroe- Wins election of 1816 +1820 (Dem-Rep)
Federalist Party collapses
"Era of Good Feelings"-
period of one-party government. No opposition!
1819-Missouri applied for statehood
Has slave pop.
Will it be "free" or "slave" state?
Northern states want to gradually free slaves in Missouri
Limits power of South
Southerns get more power (b/c of 3/5 Compromise)
1820, Missouri Compromise (by Henry Clay)
Maine becomes free state
Missouri becomes slave state
Southern boundary of Missouri would divide slave from free states
1816, Andrew Jackson invaded Spanish Florida
Declares himself commander of northern Florida
Executes 2 British men
Jackson had gone too far!
Monroe angry, wants to punish Jackson
John Quincy Adams (Sec. of State) negotiated with Spain
America gets Florida
US gives up any claims in Texas or Cuba
Several S. American countries declare independence from Spain
Monroe doesn't want Spain or France to take back these colonies
- Any attempt to interfere in the Western Hemisphere would be seen as an attack on the US
US would stay out of Europe