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Disabilities Rights Movement
Transcript of Disabilities Rights Movement
The Basics of Disability Rights
Who: Fred Fay, Ed Roberts, Wade Blank, Justin Dart, Lex Frieden, Judy Heumann
What acts: Americans with Disabilities of 1990, IDEA, ESEA/NCLB, ADAAA & Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, Education Funding
Time period: 1970s (judicially)
Mental and Learning Disabilities
A physical disability is one that affects a person's motor or dexterity
Different kinds of disabilities:
Paraplegia / Quadriplegia / Hemiphlegia
Multiple sclerosis (MS)
Absent limb/reduced limb function
During protests, disabled people would drag themselves up stairs to the courthouse
Before people understood disabilities, children with mental and learning disabilities were placed in asylums and institutions
Handicapped did not have access to schools, apartment buildings, or public transportation
Some were forcibly sterilized under state laws
1 in 5 Americans are disabled
Blindness or Loss of Sight and Deafness
From Washington, D.C.
Quadriplegic at the age of 16
Co-founded a support network for disabled people
Had a major role in winning support for the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Father of the independent living movement for people with disabilities
First student to go to University of California: Berkeley to rely on a wheel chair
Contracted polio at the age of 14 (Quadriplegic)
Sight loss can be caused by disease, accidents, and congenital illnesses
Blind students can be assisted with a scribe, voice synthesizers, and braille
Impact of the Movement
Assumptions and stereotypes were not transformed in a short time period
Attempts to limit the right to have an abortion and to limit legalized assisted suicides or euthanasia
Living centers have been successful in assisting people with disabilities to live independently without oppression
More people become activists through empowered consciousness - "acting together to empower others"
Originally from Maryland
Became paralyzed at 15 while riding at the Field of Dreams motocross track in Boswell, Pa.
Races his bike with a special harness, straps and modified seat
Deafness or hearing loss can be caused by physical damage, disease during pregnancy, or exposure to very loud noises
Deaf students can interact with others through sign language, the assistance of an interpreter, and visuals
Increases efforts to improve student academic achievement and focuses attention on low-performing groups of students to close the achievement gap.
The Elementary & Secondary Education Act (ESEA) or No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
Four Principles of Education Reform
1. Stronger accountability for results;
2. Increased flexibility and local control;
3. Expanded options for parents and (4) an emphasis on teaching qualifications and methods.
Education for All Handicapped Children Act
Federal program authorizing state and local aid for special education and related services for children with disabilities.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
Inclusion of children with disabilities into regular classes
Included the rights of parents to be involved in the educational decisions of their children
Lesson plans are made for disabled students with a goal of being similar to plans for able bodied and able minded students.
1 million disabled children left with no access.
more than 6 million disabled children are receiving proper education.