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The Anointing of the Sick
Transcript of The Anointing of the Sick
The Anointing of the Sick
What is Anointing of the Sick?
is administered to bring spiritual and even physical strength during an illness, especially near the time of death.
Who can receive this sacrament?
The ritual gives the following examples:
· "those who are dangerously ill through sickness or old age"
· "a sick person...before surgery whenever the surgery is necessitated by a dangerous illness"
· "elderly people...if they are weak, though not dangerously ill"
· "sick children...sufficiently mature to be comforted by the sacrament"
· "sick people who have lost consciousness or who have lost the use of reason...if ...they would have requested it if they had been in possession of their faculties"
Who may minister the sacrament?
The minister of the sacrament is a priest or bishop.
Deacons, religious men or women, and lay men or
women, are not valid ministers of the Sacrament.
The Holy See recently published the following doctrinal
note, drafted by the Pope while still Prefect of the
The Oil of the Sick
The oil used in administering the sacrament of Anointing of the Sick is called Oil of the Sick.
Oil of the Sick is pure olive oil
Traditionally referred to as Extreme Unction or Last Rites, the Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick
It is a ritual of healing appropriate not only for physical but also for mental and spiritual sickness.
1. The anointing of the sick can be administered to a
member of the faithful
who, after having
reached the use of reason
, begins to be
in danger due to sickness or old age.
2. This sacrament
can be repeated
whenever the sick person again falls into a serious sickness after convalescence or whenever a more serious crisis develops during the same sickness.
Can a person who has died be anointed?
No. The Church teaches that the Sacrament is for the living
However, there are many other beautiful prayers and rituals in the official Rite of the Church for those who have already died.
one of the three Holy oils
blessed by the bishop of the diocese at his cathedral on Holy Thursday morning, the other two
Holy Oils being Holy Chrism
Oil of Catechumens, which is used in Baptism
It lies in the actual
which accompanies the anointing.
priest anoints the sick person on the forehead and hands
. During this anointing, the priest says:
"Through this holy anointing may the Lord in his love and mercy help you with the grace of the Holy Spirit. May the Lord who frees you from sin save you and raise you up."
What happens during the sacrament?
There are three parts to the Rite:
First, there is a prayer of faith asking God's help for the person who is sick
Second, there is the laying on of hands by the priest, which is a sign of blessing and the invocation of the Holy Spirit to come upon the sick person
Third, the anointing with the Oil of the Infirm on the forehead and hands of the sick per
It provides courage, strength, and peace in the face of illness.
It helps the sick person to trust in God no matter what happens.
It gives the sick person grace to unite his or her suffering to the passion of Christ.
It provides physical and/or spiritual healing according to God's will.
It offers necessary graces so that the sick person may prepare for death.
It pours out consolation and hope.
It provides an opportunity for the forgiveness of sins even when the sick person is too ill to receive the sacrament of Reconciliation.
Other Symbols of the Sacrament
The priest or bishop often anoints the sick person's forehead and palms with the
sign of the cross
reminds Catholics that their salvation comes through the cross of Jesus Christ.
An anointing on the
also symbolizes the need to know Christ and follow Him.
When sick people are anointed on the
, they are reminded that they must turn all their activity over to Christ.
laying on of hands
by the priest or bishop comforts the sick person but also symbolizes the power of God entering the sick person through the mediation of the priest or bishop.