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The Egyptian Pyramids

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C Wilson

on 27 February 2015

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Transcript of The Egyptian Pyramids

The Egyptian Pyramids
Why Were The Pyramids Built?
They were Built to protect the body and soul { Ba} of a dead Pharaoh.
The Egyptians believed that the night sky is a gateway into heaven and the afterlife.
The pyramids were supposed to launch the dead Pharaohs soul directly into the afterlife.
How Were The Pyramids Built?
Where are the Pyramids?
There are 138 discovered pyramids in Egypt. Their location was very important to the ancient egyptians.
The sides of the pyramids had to point exactly to the North, South, East, and West. They also had to be on the West side of the Nile River which symbolizes the land of the dead.
Types of Pyramids
There were lots of types of pyramid, as it took the egyptians many years to evaluate the perfect pyramid form.
All of these pyramids had others of the same form built all through Egypt.
The Mastaba is an early form of Pyramid.
The word Mastaba is Arabic for bench.
It was the standard tomb in early Egypt.
A chamber was dug out, which held the body and burial items. Then mud was piled up to mark the grave in an oblong shape with the length approximately 4 times its width.
It was built during the 18th century BC., for the Pharaoh Djoser.
The architect and vizier, Imhotep designed so that the grave was underground, hidden in a maze of tunnels.
The Pyramid began as a single mastaba, then other, smaller mastabas were piled up on top of it.
It stands 62m tall.
It was also the first real pyramid to be made.
Step Pyramid
It was built for the Pharaoh Snefru in 2600BC.
It is likely to be the first Egyptian attempt at a smooth pyramid, and was probably designed to have very steep sides. However, it was really unstable and the angle had to be changed half way through.
Bent Pyramid
Famous Pyramids
This was the first successful, true pyramid in Egypt. It is the fourth tallest pyramid to be built and took roughly 17 years to complete.
It is named from the reddish limestone used to build its core but it can also be called the Shining or Northern Pyramid.
The structure is so strong that there are no cracks or architectural problems till this day.
It was built for the Pharaoh Snefru in 2600 BC and stands 104 meters tall.
The Red Pyramid
Famous Pyramids
Also called the Great Pyramid of Khufu and is the largest pyramid ever to be built.
It acted as a grave for the Pharaoh Khufu and was built in 2550 BC.
The Great Pyramid was the centerpiece of a huge burial complex, which included several small pyramids, five boat pits, a mortuary temple, a causeway, a valley temple, and many flat-roofed tombs for officials and some members of the royal family.
It had three burial chambers: one underground, one above ground and the real one lay in the center of the pyramid.
The Great Pyramid.
Why are the Pyramids Important to us Today?
What's inside the Pyramids?
Deep inside the Pyramids is the Pharaohs burial chamber. This would be filled with treasures and items for the Pharaoh to use in the afterlife. The walls would be covered in carvings and paintings. Leading out from the Pharaohs chamber are other rooms for family members and servants. There were also small rooms for temples and storage.
Sometimes there were curses, fake chambers and fake passages which were used to trick grave robbers. Sadly most of the treasures had been taken by 1000 BC.
The first true pyramids were much the same as step pyramids. The steps were built, then finishing blocks were used to create the slant.
The base of these pyramids were always perfect squares, with their faces pointing towards the cardinal points.
True Pyramid
Pyramids are historical relics that provide us with a glimpse of how people lived in different cultures long ago. They are slowly helping us to gain an understanding of those lives.
They can be seen from space and are beautiful landmarks.
They were an important factor of the Ancient Egyptian civilization which helped form the world we live in today.
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10 Most Amazing True Pyramids of the World 2013, accessed 4 November 2013, <http://www.touropia.com/true-pyramids-of-the-world/>.
Pyramids n.d., accessed 4 November 2013, <http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/pyramids/home.html>.
Egyptian Pyramid Facts n.d., accessed 4 November 2013, <http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/engineering/egyptianpyramids.html>.
Ancient Egypt Pyramids 2013, accessed 4 November 2013, <http://www.ducksters.com/history/ancient_egyptian_pyramids.php>.
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