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Sparta and Athens

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Kevin Epifano

on 7 February 2014

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Transcript of Sparta and Athens

Sparta and Athens!
Living in Sparta
Sparta- a city-state in southern Greece.
Life in Sparta was harsh. People in Sparta were tough, silent, and grim.
Sparta was a city-state devoted to war!
Helots- servants of Sparta.
Living in Sparta
Sparta- a city-state in southern Greece.
Life in Sparta was harsh. People in Sparta were tough, silent, and grim.
Sparta was a city-state devoted to war!

Growing up in Sparta
Community leaders examined new born babies. If the baby looked sickly or weak, the baby would be left to die.
At age seven, military training started and lasted for 13 years for Spartan boys.
By age 12, boys have had a lot of practice with swords and shields and only had one cloak and a thin mat to sleep on.
Spartan boys during training were not given enough food, so they were encouraged to steal.
Growing up in Sparta cont.
Like the boys, girls also trained in wrestling and spear throwing.
No one expected girls to be soldiers, but the Spartans believed that if the women were strong, they would have strong babies.
Spartan warriors were known for their skill and bravery.
Persians invade Greece
In 400 B.C., a people called the Persians from across the Aegean Sea invaded Greece.
Thousands and thousands of Persians attacked in a battle known as the battle of Marathon.
A small number of Spartans and Athenians took on the Persian army and defeated them. Historians say the Persians outnumbered the Greeks three to one.
The Fall of Athens
Peloponnesian War- conflict between Sparta and Athens in 431 B.C. that lasted 27 years.
Early in the war, Athens was hit by a plague, or widespread disease.
Sparta closed in on the city of Athens and created a blockade, an action taken to isolate an enemy and cut off its supplies.
Spartans broke through the walls of Athens and conquered its people.
Life in Athens
Athens- A city-state in the Eastern part of Greece.
Athenians thought of themselves as the shining star of the Greek city-states. They were famed for their literature, poetry, drama, theater, schools, buildings, and government.
People in Athens were generally peaceful people.
Growing Up in Athens
In Athens, girls stayed at home until they were married. Like their mother, they could attend certain festivals, funerals, and visit neighbors for brief periods of time. Their job was to help their mother, and to help in the fields, if necessary.
In most Greek city-states, when young, the boys stayed at home, helping in the fields, sailing, and fishing. At age 6 or 7, they went to school.
Economy in Sparta
Sparta's economy was based on farming and conquering, or taking over, other city states. The did not trade because they didn't want their culture to be influenced by other cultures. In order to discourage stealing, Sparta used iron bars for their currency.
Economy in Athens
The economy in Athens was based on trade. Athens needed to trade because they did not have enough resources to support their population. They also used coins with artwork on them as their currency.
Slaves in Sparta
There were more slaves than citizens. Slaves did most of the work because the male citizens were doing war activities. It was legal to kill slaves to keep them from rebelling.
Slaves in Athens
Had jobs as artists, farmers and in factories. They also taught children. They could buy their freedom by selling leftover crops.

Women in Sparta
Spartan women were very plain. They were also expected to fight and defend their homes when needed. Spartan women were even allowed to own property!
Women in Athens
Women in Athens did not have many rights. They were not considered citizens and their main job was in the house. They were not educated and were not even allowed outside without their husbands.
Government in Sparta
Sparta's government was an oligarchy. Oligarchy is when a small group of people rule.
It had a council of elders made up of two kings and 28 other members. They suggested the laws. It also had an assembly that was made up of male citizens over the age of 30. They voted on the laws.
Government in Athens
Athens had a democracy.
Democracy- Government ruled by the citizens. (It is what we have in the United States)
It had a council of 500 that suggest the laws that were then voted on by a assembly. The assembly was not allowed to vote unless there were at least 6000 citizens present.
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