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Geography Assignment

Madeline Aarts

on 2 June 2011

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Transcript of Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe Harare Site Situation Population Density 34 people per km 2 GDP= $5.62 billion (2009) GDP per Capita= $382.88 (2006) Industries Zimbabwe's wide range of natural resources makes agriculture and mining the main industries of the economy. In 2009 agriculture and industry made up about 19%-24% of gross domestic product (GDP)
Mined products- coal, gold, platinum, copper, nickel, tin, clay, numerous metallic and non-metallic ores
Other products- wood products, cement, chemicals, fertilizer, clothing and footwear, foodstuffs, beverages Economic System Zimbabwe’s economic system is now a command economy. The government controls the country with little say from the people. Quality of life Natural Resource Site Zimbabwe's main industry is mining.
Coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum are some of the natural resources found in Zimbabwe.
An advantage of a natural reasource site is that many natural reasources can be found which provides the country with things to sell and materials to make things. A disadvantage is that there are only a certain amount of natural resources. Also, land is destroyed and trees are cut down to get to the source of the natural reasources. Human Situation Factors Physical Situation Factors Harare is the site of the University of Zimbabwe, the largest institution of higher learning in Zimbabwe Many people in the small villages throught the country are starving. It cost 0.1 grams of gold for a loaf of bread. Only young and healthy people can pan for gold. The old and the disabled are dying because they cant get the gold to buy food to survive. People work all day, everyday, and still are startving. In this video you can see a 15-year-old girl with a swollen face who describes how her grandmother beat her to drive her away as she was an extra mouth to feed. She says she has not eaten for three days. You can see kids eating dead and rotten parts of animals. The quality of life in these little villages are very poor. Harare (city) http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/feb/11/zimbabwe-secret-film Quality of life in Zimbabwes cities can be higher than in the small villages. Some people have a good job where they can make enough money to survive. Some people are living in the streets, saerching for food to survive. The unemployed rate in Zimbabwe was 80% in 2010/2011. The amount of people unemployed and without a place to live has been growing more and more each year. This causes a high quality of life in the cities for some, but low quality of life in the cities for others. Bibliography http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ubJp6rmUYM http://www.climate-zone.com/climate/zimbabwe/fahrenheit/harare.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zimbabwe https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/zi.html http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5479.htm http://www.talktalk.co.uk/reference/encyclopaedia/countryfacts/zimbabwe.html (2006) Settlement Patterns In the small villages and country areas, there are scattered settlement patterns. This is becasue there are small villages in the country but they are spread apart. The settlement pattern in the cities are clustered. This is because there are many people living in one area. Analysis The current state of Zimbabwe Village Zimbabwe is not a developed country. There are many young children and as the age of people increases, the number of people decreases.
A developed country would be more stable and even population pyramid. http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/zimbabwe/zimbabwe_people.html Other Characteristics Analysis Current State of Zimbabwe The Inyanga and Udizi Mountains stretch along Zimbabwe's eastern border with Mozambique, and the country's highest point and lowest point are both found there.

More landforms steep slopes along the Zambezi River and deep river valleys within the central plateau. In addition, savanna grasslands cover the southern reaches, while evergreen forests are common central and east, especially in the mountain areas. Landforms Farm Land and Nautral Reasouces Zimbabwe has good farm land and many many natural reasources can be found. Victoris Falls agriculture: 66%
industry: 10%
services: 24% Zimbabwe has many places for tourists. Tourists come to see the rivers and wildlife, the zimbabwe ruins (stone complexes built between the 13th and 15th century). The Game Reserves in Zimbabwe are one of the reasons many travelers go to the country. You have the option of canoeing to see the elephants, hippos, lions, antelopes, giraffes, and get an official permit to fish in the waters for tigerfish, vundu and bream HDI = 0.505 http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/eco_gdp_percap-economy-gdp-per-capita Life expectacy (health) Literacy (education) GDP Zimbabwean citizen is expected to live healthily for 39 years. 2003- 90.7% Population: 12.7 million Zimbabwe is in both the eastern and southern hemispheres. This landlocked country is positioned in southern Africa, and bordered by the countries of Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Mozambique and South Africa English speakers 375,490 Internet Users 1,351,000 Number of immigrants 511,000 Hospital beds per 1,000 people= 0.51 Tobacco, Total adult smokers= 17.8% Water availability= 1,584 cubic meters http://www.nationmaster.com/country/zi-zimbabwe/hea-health Life satisfaction 3.3% Jewish people 925 Catholics 1,110,000 Armed forces growth -2% GDP per capita $234.25 (2010) Zimbabwe in 10 Years Prediction Issues Facing Zimbabwe in the Next 10 Years Zimbabwe is in a money crisis. Hyperinflation makes the Zim dollars almost useless.
Lack of companies and people making products and growing food.
Poor political management
Education doesn't focus on creating a strong economy https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/zi.html Zimbabwe had a good economic situation up until the last 10 years. Although a war with the Republic of Congo drained the government of hundreds of millions of dollars from 1998-2002, the country had a large base of companies and individuals to collect tax from. This base mainly included a large agricultural area which consisted of white foreign landowners. In the early 2000's, the government proceeded to start transferring the farm land to the traditional Zimbabwean people. These people did not farm their land as the people in the past had. Zimbabwe went from being the bread basket of Africa to being an importer of food. It now can not feed itself. As well, the government no longer has a large tax income to use to stabilize their economy. At present, hyperinflation has become an issue. Because the government can not control the economy, it has collapsed and the Zimbabwe dollar is almost worthless. The prices of things like bread and milk double every 1.3 days. Unless the government realizes that they need other counties to invest in Zimbabwe, they will never create a stable economy.
Also, the people of Zimbabwe, through education, have to realize that making a better country involves economic growth and political stability. The biggest two issues will be the creation of a stable government and trying to build confidence that countries can invest in Zimbabwe once again. $5.0 billion (2010) $3.5 billion (2010) Some information was different on different sites so I just used the one I thought was the most accurate This is moderate because it fits into 15-150 catagory (1996)Labor force - by occupation: Victoria Falls Canada GDP= $1.34 Trillion US dollars Canadas= $43,100 (2008) Current healthy life expectancy in Canada is 69.9 years Zimbabwe is the home of victoria falls. This waterfall reaches a height of over 128m (Niagara Falls is only 53m). It is also known as "Devils Swimming Pool". During the months of September and December, people can swim as close as possibe to the edge of the falls without falling over. More and more tourists come each year to stand and take photos over the waterfalls edge. This makes the tourist rate grow. Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Zimbabwe
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