Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Grammar Points

No description
by

Israel Hernandez

on 22 June 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Grammar Points

pre hispanic
I will be used to...
I have been used to...
I had been used to....
I can be used to
I should be sued to...
I would be use...
Test Preparation
Indicators
Indicators in Past
Tenses
Conditionals
1st

2nd

3rd
Can

should

will

would

could

ought to

may / might

verb in simple form
Can

should

would

could

ought to

may / might
have

Present:
I work in Mexico

Past:
I worked in Mexico
i played in mexico

Past Continuous:
I was working in Mexico

Present Continuous

Present Perfect:
I have worked in Mexico (reg & irr)
(trajectory & Past with relevance in the present )

Past Perfect:

When you entered
I had finished


Future Simple:
I will work / I am going to work


Future Continuous:
I will be working


Future Perfect:
I will (not) have worked


Past Participle Verb
(reg & irr)
I can play soccer
ability / possibility
:)
I can worked.
(incorrect)
I can work
(correct)
recommendations
You should play soccer
future
you will play soccer

modal verbs
auxiliaries
"ia"
Possiblity
Desire
I would like to play soccer
can (past)
possibility
I could play soccer in
1987
I could play soccer
but I am sick

recommendation

she ought to play soccer
possibility
(60%)
(30%)
I might go to the soccer game.
I have money

I might go to the soccer game
but I don't have money.
I ____should_______ work. I don’t have money
He _____can_____ solve mathematical problems
You ________ougth to__ study. Your exam is important.
I _____could_____ study, but I don’t have time
I __would_______ go to school. I am tired.


should, can, could, would, will, may
NOT
NOT
NEGATIVES
i should not work i could know
i would not go

you ought to talk
i could read

you can not park
i can not see you should not smoke
:)
+ indicator + verb
not
will you play...?
routine / habits / general information
go = went, gone
eat = ate, eaten
see = saw, seen
take = took, taken
drink = drank, drunk
do = did, done
have / has = had, had
read = read, read
is = was, been
are = were, been

Irregular Verbs in Past
Negative: :) + did + not + verb simple form
I did not work in Mexico

Examples:
i did not go to the concert
i was not reading
did you eat
i lived in brasil

were you drinking?
i drink beer
:) + was / were (not)+ ing

was /were + :) + ing
Did I work in Mexico?
:) + have
(not)
+ verb P.P
:) + has
(not)
+ verb P.P
I, you, they, we
he, she, it
play played played
work worked worked
live lived lived
visit visited visited
execute executed executed


Tense Examples
she did not dance in the school
did she dance in the school
he was singing in the classroom

was he singing in the classroom



has she lived in the city?
I, you, they, we = DO
he, she, it = DOES
I do not live in Mexico
(I
don't
live in Mexico)
he
doesn't
live in Mexico
do i eat

does she work
i have seen the house
have
has
+ :) + verb P.P........?
go = went, gone
eat = ate, eaten
see = saw, seen
take = took, taken
drink = drank, drunk
do = did, done
have = had, had
read = read, read
is = was, been
are = were, been

i have
she has worked in walmart
i have been in acacapulco
play played played
work worked worked
live lived lived
visit visited visited
execute executed executed


(past).... :)
+ had + verb P.P...
.(past)
cuando yo llegue, tu habias terminado = tu habias terminado, cuando yo llegue
I had finished the class when you called me.
past
I had finished the food
when
you arrived
before / after
1
2006
when you arrived, I had finished the food
by 2006, the PRI had lost power.
when you called me, I had started session
WHEN I VISITED ,YOU HAD ATE
Yesterday, when I arrived you had slept
Yesterday, last night, last year, last month
reference
he / she / it
+ is +
ING

you , they, we
+ are +
ING
I
+ am +
ING
(I am studying)
(We are studying)
(He is studying)
activity in this moment

HOHOH
I AM WORKING
WE ARE PLAYING
WE ARE WORKING
ARE WE WORKING
WE ARE NOT WORKING
:) + will (not) + verb in simple form
will + :) + verb in simple form
:) + verb be (not) + going to + verb in simple form
I am going to work
Am I going to work?
:) + will (not) + be + ing
Tomorrow at 7
, I
will be watching
t.v
Monday, 30th,
I
will be working
In 2030
I
will be relaxing
will + :) + be + ing ?

By 2060
, we will have consumed all the petroleum reserves.
2060
consumed
petroleum
reserves
FUTURE
by
2070...
by
December...
By
Monday...
By
the time we finish
(present)
...
By
the time we
have
a new president...

By... :) + will + have + verb in P.P
by 2018, I will have finished university
by the time I finish the university ,I will have worked
will
will have consumed
were working
watched
work
be living
was
has
(had)
didnt
I dont Work in Nokia and I live in Mexico
yesterday, I did not watch a movie
By 2006 , Michael had not finished the university
In 1999, She was not a nice person
Tomorrow , I will not go to work
In 2060 . I will not be living in canada
Last night They were not working on the project
By 2050 , our society will not have consumed the majority of natural resources
She has not visited many countries
I like pizza.
do I work in Nokia and I live in Mexico
yesterday, did I watch a movie
By 2006 , had Michael finished the university
did I eat lunch today. I am hungry
In 1999, was she a nice person.
Tomorrow , will I go to work
In 2060 , will I be living in canada
Last night , were They working on the project
By 2050 ,will our society have consumed the majority of natural resources
has She visited many countries
Examples
I need TO work
(ar / er / ir)
I needed TO work
I need work
(incorrect)
She need+s to study
You need to work
he wants to work in nextel
I like to go to the park
I WILL HAVE TO EAT TOMORROW
She has wanted to visit europe
I
I do NOT want to sleep
I didnt want to sleep
By 12 , I had wanted to drink
(introduce an idea)
s
an
a
a
the
the
a
a
the
the
the
a
the
the
a
a
THE (OMISSION)
an
THE
an
the
a
ONLY ONE
LEND
(last year, last month, last Saturday)
(omission)
lunch, dinner, supper
I will eat cereal for breakfast
the lunch from the party was fantastic
THE
(Their car does 150 miles an hour)
subject
verb in simple form
I will (not) have money
I can have money
I have money if I work
If she work(s), she have (has) money.
If she doesn't work, she doesn't have...
if I eat, I go to the bathroom
(routine, general information, scientific)
(is, are, am)
Examples
if I do not study , I will not pass the exam
if I finish school,I can go to the university
if She does not have money,she can not buy food
She will be in school
I can be in school
I should be in school
I will am in school
there will not be
There is a problem

There is an accident in the peri
there are accidents ....
There will be a problem
I + is (was)
is / are / am = were
If I visited my father, I would enjoy it
I I played basketball, I would have money
have = had
could
didnt wach
would not be
were
would not feel
didnt spend
could obtain
ate
would not be
were not
would not miss
didnt allow
could sleep
slept
would start
started
would do
If I ate the moronga,I would be sick
Examples
if I didn't live in mexico,I would live in France
if I had money ,I would not work
she would not play ,if she were here
if I saw you,I would go to the house
if i were not fat ,I would eat tacos

Examples
Examples

Past Perfect
had not been
wouldnt have missed

had studied
would have passed
had arrived
would have seen
had gone
would not have woken
had studied
would have recorded
could
may
if i had not gone to work,i would not have received money
received
i could have visited the city, if i had had money
if I had not been in the house,I would have visited my friend
they had been
would have stayed
had known

would not have gone
had not missed the
had not bought
would not have been
would have been ABLE TO
would not have had
had seen the accident
could have helped

Articles
Conditionals
Past Modals
Tag Questions
Indicators: should, can, would
Examples
Passive Voice
is / are + past participle
was / past participle
is /are being + past participle
was /were being + past participle
will be + past participle
has/have+been Past participle
had been +past participle
INDICATOR + be + past participle
( PAST ) INDICATOR + have + been + P.P

Examples
had not been using
would not have taken
had not done
would not have become
had kept
could have given
had not broken
could have gone
have wanted
hadn't seen the film
(present perfect / past perfect)
ought have + P.P
ought not have + P.P
OUGHT HAVE stopped at a red traffic light
should not have been driving too fast
ought not have blocked the entrace to a school
should have reported an accident
ought not have been talking on my mobil whilst driving
should have put enough money in the parking meter
should not have parked in a space meant only for a doctor
I should have gone to the doctor
I didn't pass the exam
he should have passed the exam
I should have studied to pass the exam
I didn't go to the concert
I COULD HAVE GONE TO THE CONCERT
I could have seen my friends in the concert
she would have seen
doesn't she
she lives in Mexico
(affirmative)
(negative)
(tu eras chido)
no?
verdad?
I should work
shouldn't I
wont they
wasn't she
shouldn't it
isn't It
did we
do you
havent you
was she
would they
didnt you
you will to school
wont you ?
you have not been here have you?
I should run
shouldnt I
you were not in the house were you
the man visits the house
the house is visited by the man
The artist draws the picture
the picture is drawn by the artist
ben closed the door
the door was closed by ben
the neighbor stole the house the house is stolen by the neighbor
the boy repaired the bike the bike was repaired by the boy
carol cleans the room the room is cleaned by carol
the student does the homework the homework is done by the student
david break the window the window was broken by david
shakespeare wrote the essay the essay was written by shakespeare
The program is being watched by....
the program was being watched by....
the program will be watched by...
the program has been watched by....
the program had been watched by
the program should be watched by...
the program should have been

watched
the house is being stolen by the neighbor
the bike was being repaired by the boy
the room has been cleaned by carol
the homework had been done by the student
the window will be broken by David
the essay would be written by shakespeare
is made
have been sold
have
been finished
was being repaired
was develop
Practice
Past Modals (indicators)

Prefixes
Relative Clauses
was eaten
have been received
was buried
had been found
is being cleaned
is killed
is printed
money is collected by jhon
window was opened by Anna
our homework has been done by us
a question will be asked by me
the pictures can be cut out by him
I = me
you = you
they = them
we = us
she = her
he = him
it = it
she cooks the hot dogs
the hot dogs are cooked by Susan
a lot was eaten by the sheep
our rooms are not cleaned by us
the car will not be repaired by william
was this circle drawn by Sue?
Sue drew the circle
the circle was drawn by Sue
could the dog be fed by you

}
should not have helped
should have stopped
would have got
would have wore
should not have cheated
should have taken
should not have taken
should have eaten
could have got
could have come
had not insulted
would come
had not insulted
would be
had not gave
would accept
had not taken
would not talk
were not
would not be
had have had
would not speak
had not lived
would have helped
had not spent
would have gone
had not had recently
were not
would go
given
had not had
had not recently had
If you had studied, you would have passed the exam
Today I would be happy, if I had studied
past perfect
, immature
UN
IR
unfriendly
, illegible
nonfiction
illegible
incorrect
irresponsible
antisocial
unpleasant
untidy
invisible
informal
dis
belief
disbelief
immobil
Examples
irresponsible
unfriendly
informal
irregular
imperfect
unreal
unpleasant
unkind
untidy
immobile
immature
this is the man _who____ I saw at the bank
This is the place _______ Romeo and Juliet was filmed
where
This is the jacket ______ I will buy
It's the story about a girl __________parents emigrated to Canada
which
whose
Can you take me to the station __________ Titanic was filmed
where
She is the actress___________ played a role in the movie
WHO
Examples
THIS IS THE BEACH WHERE I WANT TO VISIT
SHE IS THE person who will work
this is the reason why Im here
she is the person whose brother was in the party
this is the hour when I will go to school
I will see you the next monday
Reflexive
Pronouns
Idiomatic
Expressions
I will run tomorrow / I am running tomorrow
I will run tomorrow / I am running tomorrow
are grown by them
yourself
yourself
herself
myself
myself
themselves
himself
yourselves
myself
yourselves
Examples
himself
I live by myself
HELP YOURSELF TO THE HOT DOGS
I PASSED the exam by myself
he hit himself
we were by ourselves
2
1
17
4
16
6
12
8
15
10
11
7
18
14
3
13
5
9

Practice Exercises
Used to
&
Be used to

Future
Varieties

is / are + past participle
was / were + past participle
is /are being + past participle
was /were being + past participle
will be + past participle
will + have + been + past particle
has/have+been Past participle
had been +past participle
INDICATOR + be + past participle
( PAST ) INDICATOR + have + been + P.P

has been damaged by it
will have been used up by us
will be
will be resurfaced by them
was stolen by someone
untidy
irresponsible
incorrect
illegible
antisocial
illiterate
immobile
informal
illegal
unpleasant
non fiction
invisible
imperfect
unfriendly
unusual
unkind
unreal
unsympathetic
where
whose
who
who
whose
which
where
which
are going to be resurfaced by
irregular
study french
is / are / am
werent
not used to
didn t

use to
will be
Examples
she used to speak people
you will go to the party wont you
they are used to going to the school
they didnt use to play basquetball
you have visited mexico havent you
they were used to working
By 2017 I will have been in the University
futu simpl
f perfect
Perfect
will have cut down
will have died
we will be experiencing
could be living
will have used up
will create
will have reached
will release
may be
will start declining
will have been caused
will have been killed
will be destroyed
will have been floode
will have been turned into
will have been experienced
will have been caused
Verbs + Prepositions
Look + Prepositions
Tenses & Conditionals
Examples
I will remember
to visit you
visiting you
reminder of future action to visit
maintain the past memory of the visit
to argue
talking
eating
to take
to talk
to eat
arguing
taking
Examples
i will remeber to go to shop
please remember to buy food
i can not stop watching tv

you need to forget living in that house
you have to go on studying
you should stop to eat
i do not want to forget to call you
i have to go on to finish my homework
subj + have / has + been + -ing
i went to the cinema two weeks ago
If I were caught cheating , my mother would be angry
I was sleeping
i have been studying english for two hours
Exercises
Common
Expressions


if I lose your phone,I will have to buy a phone
if you leave it in the sun an ice cube ,melts
because you can fall off the bike
I am studying this weekend
she is eating
x-men is the best film I have seen
to finish
visiting
to do
going
I would have retuned to my house
up
at
down on
out
Exercises
i need to look out for the criminals
look at my
I have to look up the answer
dont look down on poor
7
1
2
3
5
9
8
4
6
got engaged
asked me out
fancied
relationship
gotten married
go out with
Examples
7
they got married yesterday
he ask her out
to go out with somebody
he is going out with her
Reported Speech
Examples
keep you chin up
costs an arm and leg
put my foot down
keep an eye on you
is a pain in the neck
pulls my leg
hold your tongue

if I study English , I will pass the exam
if I sleep enough , I can run tomorrow
if He were strong ,he would strike the door
if she watched the documentary,she would know of the animals
If I had done my homework,I would not be here
If I had gone to work today ,I would not have gone to work the following weeked
i would have passed
if she had read the book , she would have known the end
a
c
c
c
c
b
a
c
a
b
:) + told + me, him, her, it, us, you + that +
:) + said + that + :)
was
was cooking
would go
had to
could
had been
he told me that he had visited Roma
he said that he could not go to class
they said that they would not visit the doctor
he said that he had been working
he said that he would check the exam
he said that he had invited his friends
his, her, my, your, their, our, its
Writing
use
the economy is very wide
viewing (her) that its main objective is administer
the resourses (resources) and the use of the existend (available resources) with the purpose of ending the poverty
administer
with the purpose of + ing
poverty
and, but, because


Football is a sport very important in Mexico practiced by adult children followed for millions of fans in the world with famous players
a sport very important = a very important sport
adults and children
practiced by...., followed for...
famous
AND
I like soccer, football and basketball
I like to eat tacos and I want to go on vacations
the economy is not working and the people are receiving the result
BUT
investment has increased but inflation will increment in 2014
but it is important
BECAUSE
football is a very important sport in Mexico because the t.v has influenced in its expansion and...but...
but owner of the stadium should not charge to go to the stadiums and the players could give autographs when the soccer matches finish
autographs
In my opinion...
It is important to...
I think...
First,
Second,
Third,
Finally,
i would recommend to go to cinema the weekend because the movie titanic is free sunday and saturday .the owner of the cinema will give hot dogs in the evening but the kids should not play inside the cinema
inside
on
in my opinion solar energy will have great importance because we will have consumed the oil ,but also we will use wind power energy and I think that its important to protect the natural resources , because trees and plants give us oxygen and clean the air of pollutants
protect / take care of
Art

Music has been inspiration to artists since ancient but ,poetry, music and dance are some just expressions of art,It is important to know that Art has been part of culture in the world .In my opinion the government should work to promote cultural and artistic events ,I think we could create an organization that promotes all cultural activities so people could enrich culture ,because
if the people had learned literature, mexicans would have been big exponents and Mexico would be most cultured
Either or "vs"Neither nor"
visit
drink...
watch
the news
work
Global Warming, the general increase in the earth's near-surface air and ocean temperatures, remains a pressing issue in a society that has expanded its industrial use since the mid-twentieth century.
Greenhouse gases, atmospheric gases that exist to keep our planet warm and prevent warmer air from leaving our planet, are enhanced by industrial processes. As human activity such as the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation increases, greenhouse gases such as Carbon Dioxide are released into the air. Normally, when heat enters the atmosphere, it is through short-wave radiation; a type of radiation that passes smoothly through our atmosphere. As this radiation heats the earth's surface, it escapes the earth in the form of long-wave radiation; a type of radiation that is much more difficult to pass through the atmosphere. Greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere cause this long-wave radiation to increase. Thus, heat is trapped inside of our planet and creates a general warming effect.
the most cultured
more cultured than today....

Neither the boys nor the girl is in the house
either
or
neither watching tv nor sleeping is good
either you visit the house or abandon it
i can neither study nor prepare
in the exam either you will pass or wont pass
i can not go either with you or with him
either you are crazy or you are drunk
drunk
Mexico was home to pre hispanic civilizations .the most importants were the mayan ,aztec,toltec,
mexica,olmecas,zapotec,
,chichimeca,totonaca,who inhabited the Mexican territory from Yucatan Peninsula to the north of the country.
TheAztec and Teotihuacan territory , were located in the valley of mexico.They had been great empires
until the conquest of Mexico by Hernan cortez
in 1521.
in my opinion we should be proud of our indigenous origins

,
civilization
Practice

cultures
had gone to the school , she could have passed the exam
were tall ,she could play volleyball
is checked by the worker
has worked in multiples companies in the past
we had arrived there were not more hot dogs
will you
can not the ability to speak
he had a lot of work
cost an arm and leg
either go to school or work
by 2050 we will have consumed the oil
if, did not have problems,I would be happy
the work has been finished by students
you should not go should you
he said that he could not eat
he said that she would have class
i like neither tv nor video games
neither Teacher nor Doctor knows answer
neither the cats nor the dog is here
I would have gone to the concert
if I had been in the house ,they would have destroyed it
the movie is being filmed
i have to study
you remember to finish the proyect
i used to live in mexico
you are irresponsabile
you are immature
this is unnusual
the man is unfriendly
Writing Practice
movement 68


disturbances
The movement of 1968 was a social event of students and teachers of the IPN and UNAM in the city of Mexico .who, participated
in the marches and disturbances in the capital of the country .
ITS finished in the slaughter of students by soldiers the government in the Plaza of the Three Cultures the night of 2 October of 1968 .
Gustavo Dias Ordaz was guilty of the deaths of students .
I think that Its important remember this is event that the government should not repeat
Practice
I WILL work
i will BE working
I HAVE worked
I WAS WORKING
I WILL HAVE WORKED
I HAD WORKED
I HAVE BEEN WORKing
I AM WORKING
I HAD BEEN WORKING
A
THE
A
AN
a
the
I WOULD HAVE EATEN LUNCH
2nd of October
she should not have driven fast
he would have studied but we were working
I would not have gotten sick, if had had a sweater
he should have paid on time
they should not have eaten junk food
mike could have paid with check
the worker will be checked by the product
the worker will have been checked by
the product was checked by the worker
the product is being checked by worker
the product was being checked by worked
the product has been checked by the worker
the product had been checked by the worker
to go
wathing
visiting
working
to buy
Writing Practice
television
beginnings
influence
the mass media since its beginnings in the time of 1960 an 1970 .its has been very influential in the people for the information ,
the media are tools to convey the most important events in our country ,
in mexico there are two television channel Televisa and TV AZTECA . we have been victims of manipulation of information for the convenience of politicians and rich people

untidy
either
or
them selves
whose
will have died
shouldnt you
were
would play
didnt use to
was being desinged
garbage is all waste, that people not need and we have to remove.
pollution in the planet is a global problem
because of the litter ,
Cities generate millions of kilos of trash that we have to throw away in the soil, rivers.lakes and oceans .
Firstly government has to create new institutes for environmental protection ,I am convinced that the problem will be resolved ,if we are responsible for littering in authorized places to dump litter and secondly collecting trash in our community and public spaces.
in addition to motivate a culture of responsibility of the waste.the people should solve the problem there now this is the time , furthermore ignore this problem could cause a big damage for the people ,for example china is the country most contaminated in the world , diseases are caused by this problem ,
another solution are give waste treatment, recycling and reuse. in this way inorganic waste is transformed into new e that are used for consumption,
to conclude waste is a problem for everyone and all must help to resolved

due to
because of the problems in the city

litter
piece of trash
garbage
throw away
soil
dirt
cities
generate
Past Modals: I didn't eat

I COULD HAVE EATEN
I don't know the answer (look + prepositions)
You are not mature: prefixes

UP
I have to look
the answer
IMMATURE
I worked in many companies (present perfect)
i have worked in many companies
computer / fix (past passive voice)
This is the house _where__________ I lived (relative clauses)
technician
the computer was fixed by technician
You didn't go ________ (tag question)
I will work (repeated speech)
I can't sleep (reported speech)
water/ consumed (future perfect)
the phone is very expensive (idiomatic expressions)
by 2021 ,we will have consumed water
It cost a leg and arm
Examples

Past Perfect

if i had not gone to work,i would not have received money
received
i could have visited the city, if i had had money
if I had not been in the house,I would have visited my friend
they had been
would have stayed
had known

would not have gone
had not missed the
had not bought
would not have been
would have been ABLE TO
would not have had
had seen the accident
could have helped

had not been using
would not have taken
had not done
would not have become
had kept
could have given
had not broken
could have gone
have wanted
hadn't seen the film
(present perfect / past perfect)
not
not
need to
unusual
was discovered
look down
going
are being killed
isnt It
ask
hold your tongue
put my foot down
cried my eyes out
pain in the neck
takes things to heart
got cold feet
on tip of my tongue
give her the elbow
costs an arm and a leg
had a bad hair day
keep an eye on him
she was reading
they were busy
he knew a better restaurant
she
had woke up early
he would ring her
they had just arrived
he would clean the car
she had not said that
she didnt know where your shoes were
he would not tell anyone
myself
herself
himself
themselves
herself
itself
ourselves
yourself
yourselves
yourself
whose
whose
who
who
who
which
which
which
which
who
I need to supervise you
keep an eye on you
thief
I need to you keep an eye on you because you are thief
You are very emotional. Relax!
you are very emotional , you take somethings to heart ..you have to relax and go to party
The tablet is very expensive
my tablet costs an arm and an leg
My day was terrible!!!
I have a bad hair day ,I lost my telephone
My father irritates me!!!!
my job is a pain in the neck
You will know my authority!!!
decision
I will put my foot down , on this decision

practice
is going
is carrying
is
puts
is wearning
is taking
is raining
just finished
has already written
moved
was
have not been
have already traveled
went
have not bought
did they spend
have you ever seen
woke up
had already prepared
went
had invited
called
heard
went
had already learned
had already typed
crashed
started
arrived
had died
had never thought
knem
met
did not know
told
had been
begun
will start
will have
finished
will assign
will have corrected
will get
will have finished
will start
will have left
welcomed
was asking
broke
were swiming
sunbathed
came
looked
told
had
were preparing
collected
had
were running
turned
went
happy
does not
will / can
will arrive
is not
will be
do
playS
will win

help
will finish


Full transcript