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Present Political System of Germany

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Kendall Danby

on 18 September 2014

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Transcript of Present Political System of Germany

Present Political System of Germany
Germany's constitution
Germany is a constitutional state
All state authorities are subject to judicial control.
guarantees the freedom to act within the law, equality before the law, freedom of the press and media, freedom of association and protection of the family
defines Germany as a welfare state
requires the political system to take precautions such that people are guaranteed a decent standard of material well-being in case of unemployment, disability, illness and in old age

Executive, Legislative and Judiciary Branches
The Bundestag, the Bundesrat and the Bundesverfassungsgericht
The German Bundestag
Federal Court of Justice
Made up of Cabinet, Chancellor, and the President
Chief of State- President Joachim GAUCK, since March 23, 2012
Head of Government- Chancellor Angela MERKEL, since November 22, 2005
President is elected for a five-year term
Executive Branch
German Senate
represents the federal states and is a form of Second Chamber
made up exclusively of representatives of the federal state governments
number of votes each state holds is aligned in a sense to the size of its population
at least three, up to six
passing of federal legislation
approves central laws that cause the federal states additional administrative costs or replace existing central laws
legislative branch
The German Bundesrat
Consists of the Federal Council or Bundesrat
630 seats
Members are elected by popular vote for a four-year term under a system of personalized proportional representation
A party must win 5% of the national vote or three direct mandates to gain proportional representation
Legislative Branch
The "Basic Law"
How the voting and government system of Germany works
German parliament, (resides in the Reichstag building in Berlin)
elected representation of the German people
major functions
elect the Federal Chancellor and keep him in office by supporting his policies
pass legislation
keep a check on the government’s work in a way that is visible to the general public
expert Parliamentary Committees
discuss the bills introduced to Parliament in great detail
executive branch
The German Bundesverfassungsgericht
Federal Constitutional Court of Germany
deals with matters that affect the Constitution of Germany
16 judges, divided into two groups, called senates
highest court in the Judicial branch
Federal Court of Justice consists of 127 judges including
the court president
presiding judges
organized into 25 Senates subdivided into
12 civil panels
5 criminal panels
8 special panels
Federal Constitutional Court or Bundesverfassungsgericht consists of 2 Senates each subdivided into
3 chambers
each with a chairman and 8 members
Judicial Branch
United States Government Vs. German Government
German government
Cabinet is appointed by the president on the recommendation of the chancellor
civil law system
president can have two, 5 year terms
US government
Cabinet appointed by the president with Senate approval
common law
president can have two, 4 year terms
Federal Republic
a form of government made up of a federal state with a constitution and self-governing subunits

Social Democratic Party of Germany,
Christian Democratic Union, and the
Christian Social Union
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Christian Democratic Union
Christian Social Union
Led by Sigmar Gabriel
Germany's oldest political party
One of the countries two main parties
Advocates the modernization of the economy to meet the demands of globalization
Stresses the need to address the social needs of workers and society’s disadvantaged
Angela Merkel- chancellor for third term
Supports a free-market economy and social welfare programs but is conservative on social issues
Strong advocate of European integration
Strong cultivated close relations with United States
Emerged out of the ashes of the Third Reich to become Germany’s most successful political party
Conservative German political party
Founded in Bavaria, Germnay in 1946
Founded by various Roman Catholic and Protestant groups
Committed to free enterprise, federalism, and a united Europe operating under Christian principles
Federal Republic
have executive, judicial and legislative branches
Full transcript