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The World of the Incas
Transcript of The World of the Incas
It was once said....
-Pachacuti was first man to set up great empire system
-Territory was divided into four quarters, with each composed of several provinces and headed by officials.
-Government was hierarchical and run by an efficient bureaucracy that collected and distributed tribute.
specialization based on gender and social status
*most were farmers
metallurgy (based on Chavin civilization)
builders and architects
*men were metalworkers
Quechua was the official language
-Profound Sun god worship
-Worship through prayers, dance, and sacrifice
-Sacrifice included objects they created to human sacrifices
_Ancestors were venerated as protective spirits, and bodies and the tombs were treated as sacred.
-King was regarded as divine
-Musical Instruments (drums, flutes, and the panpipes)
-Freeze dried fruits
-Aqueducts (the Incas were frequent bathers)
- Inca started to developed during the disintegration of the states Tihuanaco and Huari.
-They emergence of Inca civilization was in Peru.
Wealth without money
*engineers and metalworkers
-strong central government
allyu - # of families worked
together like one large family
That there was a Sun god that made two people. One was Manco Capac, the other was his sister. The sun god gave them a staff and told them to find land that was sunken in. Three hundred years later they found it and named it Cuzco.
-Economy was agricultural-based
-Irrigated with water works such as those found in Tipon
-Mountains Machu Pichhu
-Slaves provided all labors but nobles also participated
-Unusual tax system: every Incan provided labor to the state in exchange for life necessities
Waterworks at Tipon
Annie. "Sconzani : Giramonda." : Waterworks Everywhere. Google, 24 June 2011. Web. 26 Oct. 2013.
Conrad, Geoffry. "Rituals." Rituals. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2013.
Duc, Tho L. "Terraced Farms." Terraced Farms. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2013.
"English Online." Inca. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.
"Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013
"History of the Sacred Valley:." History of the Sacred Valley. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.
"Inca Empire - Interactive Map - Pictures, More From National Geographic Magazine." Inca Empire - Interactive Map - Pictures, More From National Geographic Magazine. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.
"Inca Religion." Inca Religion. Cusco, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2013.
"Inventions & Achievements - The Inca Empire for Kids." Inventions & Achievements - The Inca Empire for Kids. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.
"THE BIG MYTH - the myths." THE BIG MYTH - the myths. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.
"The Greatest Mystery of the Inca Empire Was Its Strange Economy." Io9. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2013.
"Vacation Rentals near Machu Picchu." Machu Picchu Vacation Rentals. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2013.
"Y8HistoryJM - Inca Trade and Economy." Y8HistoryJM - Inca Trade and Economy. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2013.
fun fact: civilization shut down 6 times a month for festivities, lectures, and parades
alternative writing system to record the movement of people and goods, form of communication
heck ya for stonework; I mean, what a beauty