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Does God Exist?

English Homework
by

Anton Shekhter

on 15 March 2013

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Transcript of Does God Exist?

The Age Old Argument photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Does God Exist? The bible says that we must accept faith by the fact that God exists:
"And without faith it is impossible to please God, because anyone who comes to Him must believe He exists and that He rewards those who earnestly seek im" (Hebrew 11:6) The Existence of God cannot be
proved or disaproved The Bible states, “The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of His hands. Day after day they pour forth speech; night after night they display knowledge. There is no speech or language where their voice is not heard. Their voice goes out into all the earth, their words to the ends of the world” (Psalm 19:1-4). That does not mean, however, that
there is no evidence of God’s existence. Ecclesiastes 3:11 tells us, “…He has also set eternity in the hearts of men.” Deep within us is the recognition that there is something beyond this life and someone beyond this world. We can deny this knowledge intellectually, but God’s presence in us and all around us is still obvious. If these were not enough, there is also evidence of God in our own hearts. Since science, by its very nature, is never capable of proving the non-existence of anything, one can never accurately claim that science has proven God doesn't exist. That's a misuse of the discipline. Such a claim would require omniscience. The only way one can say a thing does not exist is not by using the inductive method, but by using a deductive method, by showing that there's something about the concept itself that is contradictory. What science can't prove The creation of the universe, said by Stephen Hawking himself, had created itself, not by a god. Since there was no “time” before the big bang, the big bang gave birth to time. That is a hard concept to grasp for something to happen by itself, we as people are used to the fact that things don’t spontaneously happen, it had to be done by some kind of external force, usually human (cause and effect). Science tells a more compelling story There are all sorts of altered mental states that can make people feel like they are having religious/spiritual experiences that have nothing to do with the supernatural Its as if he's here First, there is the ontological argument. The most popular form of the ontological argument uses the concept of God to prove God’s existence. It begins with the definition of God as “a being than which no greater can be conceived.” It is then argued that to exist is greater than to not exist, and therefore the greatest conceivable being must exist. If God did not exist, then God would not be the greatest conceivable being, and that would contradict the very definition of God. That is like saying that the sun is the brightest light in our solar system, and that bright is greater than to not bright. If the sun is not a bright thing in the sky then it wouldn’t be the brightest thing in the sky. That would contradict the reality. Plus, to some, to not exist is greater than to exist: like Hitler. A second argument is the teleological argument The teleological argument states that since the universe displays such an amazing design, there must have been a divine Designer. For example, if the Earth were significantly closer or farther away from the sun, it would not be capable of supporting much of the life it currently does. If the elements in our atmosphere were even a few percentage points different, nearly every living thing on earth would die. The odds of a single protein molecule forming by chance are 1 in 10243(that is a 1 followed by 243 zeros). A single cell is comprised of millions of protein molecules. The world and the very reason we exist is such a blessing. We are placed at a perfect distance from the sun. We live in a world that we can breathe in. The world and all of its wonders and beauty are so perfect. That, it’s as if someone set this up perfectly for us to exist and gives us a feeling that we have to owe our existence to that entity. The chances of this layout to exist are miniscule. And yes, the odds of a single protein molecule forming by chance are 1 in 10243. But here’s the thing: that is the reason why we think a “God” exists The reality is, that it may be highly unlikely for an organism that developed sentience like us to exist, due to the mind-blowing size of the universe, by using Drake’s equation: N = R* × fp × ne × fl × fi × fc × L... There is actually a likeliness of ~50 contactable civilizations in our galaxy A third logical argument for God’s existence is called the cosmological argument. Every effect must have a cause. This universe and everything in it is an effect. There must be something that caused everything to come into existence. Ultimately, there must be something “un-caused” in order to cause everything else to come into existence. That “un-caused” cause is God. Everything has a cause and effect, but, that is not entirely true. If everything has a cause and effect then there technically is no beginning of the universe. If god caused the universe, then what caused God? A fourth argument is known as the moral argument Every culture throughout history has had some form of law. Everyone has a sense of right and wrong. Murder, lying, stealing, and immorality are almost universally rejected. Where did this sense of right and wrong come from if not from a holy God? Knowing what’s right and what’s wrong? It's a social construct, an emergent property of growing up in society that teaches us right from wrong. We learn from our parents and from experience what right and wrong is, thus shaping our morality based on our society. Example: in our society, killing to any degree is bad. But in Islamic countries, they do what is called “Honour killing”, were they kill their own wife if caught cheating or in an affair. And that is “good” in their society. If we grew up there, we would have that same mentality. Pascal's decision under uncertainty But if you don’t believe in god, then you don’t need a divine creator to explain everything. And if you only do good in your life, and still end up burning in hell, that kind of contradicts what the bible says Matthew 12:35 states:
"The good man brings good things out of the good stored up in him, and the evil man brings evil things out of the evil stored up in him." While the Leviticus states:
Homosexual acts are an abomination to God. 18:22
If a man has sex with another man, kill them both. 20:13 Not very modest to kill people... Religion is mostly based on speculation, that is why religions such as Christianity splintered into many different kinds following their own belief. What the heck? Any Questions?
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