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How effective we the Liberal Reforms?
Transcript of How effective we the Liberal Reforms?
Luis Button LLOYD GEORGE GREETING WOMEN OF THE TOWN How effective were the
Liberal Reforms? Children The Old The Unemployed Workers Three Key Questions:
How were the group helped before the Liberal Reforms?
What measures were taken by the Liberals to tackle the problem?
What were the limitations of the reforms? Sources, images and evidence are all needed to support your points! The unemployed were very harshly treated in the Victorian ages. In the 1880's many people were trapped in poverty because the government were not doing anything to help the poor. However by the early 1900's labour exchanges were set up across the country. They helped the unemployed to sign up on a register to help get work when jobs became available. These exchanges were quite successful because by 1913 labour exchanges were putting 3000 people into jobs every day. Under part 2 of the National insurance act in 1911, insured workers could claim unemployment benefits for up to 15 weeks, for 7 shillings. .The liberals introduced the national insurance act in 1911 to improve the lives of the average worker. This act was financed by workers and the government. However, only a minority of workers were covered by this scheme, yet it covered many forms of industry, for example ship building, which was susceptible to fluctuations of employment. So it did not apply for everyone. Reforms In 1908 pensions were introduced. This gave 2 shillings a week to pensioners or 7s to married pensioners .The first part of the national insurance act was health insurance. All menial workers who earnt less than 160 pounds per year had to join. People were grateful for the pensions, saying "God bless Llyod George!" as they collected the pensions There was no real system to support children before Liberal reforms and there were very few people willing to help. Some charities helped poor families with children; and orphans were looked after in workhouses. In 1909 labour exchanges were set up to help unemployed people find work. While the reforms helped many people there were certain limitations for children. One limitation of the reforms was that it was now illegal to insure a child's life . This meant if a child died there would be no financial aid for the family. However a reason for doing this is that many families had a lot of children that died within one year. Evidence for this is in the high infant mortality. If the old rules stayed it would cost the government money that they could not afford to pay for.
A second limitation for children was that in schools they did not have free food therefore the children were malnourished and unhealthy, as well as this the infant mortality rate is increasing.
Children didn't have free medical care because they were not a wage earner. The 1911 National Insurance Act was passed. Part 1 of the act gave people the right to free medical treatment, and sick pay of 10s a week for 26 weeks in return for a payment of 4d a week. Part 2 of the Act gave people the right to unemployment pay (dole) of 7s 6d a week for 15 weeks in return for a payment of 2½d a week. 1906 - the Trades Disputes Act ruled that unions were not liable for damages because of strikes The liberals tackled the problem by providing free school meals. The new rule meant that children would eat at least one decent meal a day. school medical services were set up in 1907 when attentions were turned to medical care.
The 1908 Children and Young Persons Act introduced a set of regulations that became known as the Children's Charter. This imposed severe punishments for neglecting or treating children cruelly. It was made illegal to sell cigarettes to children or send them out begging. Separate juvenile courts were set up, which sent children convicted of a crime to borstals, instead of prison.
New Juvenile Courts no longer sent children to adult prisons. ‘Borstals’ and a probation service set up. Begging by children was made an offense. You had to be over 70 and earn less than £31/year to qualify for pensions 1906 - the Workers Compensation Act granted compensation for injury at work. 1907 - school medical inspections. 1908 - eight-hour day for miners. How were the unemployed helped before the liberal reforms? 1910 - half-day a week off for shop workers. Criminals and other unworthy people were not allowed to receive pensions A Merchant Shipping Act improved conditions for sailors. From 1911, MPs were paid. This gave working men the opportunity to stand for election. The Government spent millions on pensions each year The second part of the act dealt with unemployment and underemployment. Manual jobs like mechanic or factory worker, often came with unemployment, to cover this problem, the act forced the employer to pay an extra 2 and a half pence per week and government to enable the unemployed to carry on living in a decent standard. After the industrial revolution new factories and towns were built where there was countryside, this meant that these new industrial towns had very bad conditions for the workers. The houses the workers lived in were often extremely cramped and unhygienic.
The conditions at the factories for workers were even worse, they were very dangerous and unhealthy.
This meant that eventually governments would be forced to deal with these growing problems with Public Health and Factory Acts. .The worker had to pay four pence out of their weeks wages, the employer supplied three pence and the government provided the extra two. .This meant that they earnt ten shillings a week for 26 weeks and that they could get free medical care SOURCE Influenced by findings of Seebohm Rowntree and Charles Booth shutup The number of old people who relied on charity/the Poor Law dropped dramatically because of the reforms However, there were still thousands of elderly people who depended on workhouses for a place to live because pensions were not large enough to pay rent, bills and for food on their own CREATED BY @KAYEBEATS & @SAVVAS_PETROU, AND BARE OTHER MAN, BUT FORGET THEM (LUIS & TOM) DUNKNO THE TING @iAmConorMadden Conor Madden Pensions were usually refused to those who had not been in work most of their life and life expectancy at this time was roughly 55 so many people never lived long enough to receive a pension. Unemployment and sickness pay also only lasted for a limited time. Free medical care was available to only a wage-earner, not the wife or children or grandparents and other relatives. It did not provide cover for special advice while many people could not get acquire dental, ophthalmic or other treatment through NHI.