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Australian Animals Com10003

Com 10003 Assignment 2 created by Rebekah Woulff, Rachel McGill, Niamh Bannon-Chatham, Amanda Cameron, Meryem Sonmez

Rachel McGill

on 31 May 2014

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Transcript of Australian Animals Com10003

In conclusion we can see that many of our Australian animals
are unique and unusual and are a key factor in why people
visit our country but urbanisation and de-forestation is
threatening their habitats. The research conducted for
this presentation was sources from creditable resources to
ensure accurate and relevant information and utilised the
suggested factors that influence credibility assessments of
online information. Some of these factors include source
citations, citations to scientific data or references, presence
of contact information, sponsorship by external links to
reputable organizations and domain name and the suffix
of the URL address (Metzger, 2007).

Usually solitary animals however, commonly mother and calf live together until maturation. Dugongs live in the indo pacific regions, from the east coast of Africa to the west Pacific, mainly found off the coast of northern Australia. Living in shallow tropical coastal waters (National Geographic, 2014).
Dugongs are classified as threatened. If not protected, could lead to extinction (National Geographic, 2014).

Today the biggest threat is external pressures of environmental degradation of their habitat through urbanization, silt deposits, poor farming practices and pollution. Thus resulting in deforestation amongst crucial inshore feeding areas. Whilst in the open oceans sea grass beds are being destroyed by trawl nets (Marsh, 2002).
Adults Dugong grow to 3 meters weighing approximately 400 kg
Australian Animals
The Red Kangaroo can be found throughout the semi-arid and arid regions of mainland Australia. They prefer sparsely wooded or open plains, they are most common in open savanna woodland. (National Geographic, 2014)

Sheep, cattle, foxes, feral dogs, bush fires and climate change are considered threats as they destroy the Red Kangaroos habitat and cause food scarcity.

The biggest threat is shooters. Around four million kangaroos are killed for profit each year. They are killed for their skin and meat. (Kangaroo footprints, 2013)

Comparison to 6-ft (2m) man
Life Cycle
Australian Animals
Red Kangaroo

Wombats tend to live in forest-covered areas. They tend to avoid rainforests and are often found in the mountainous areas.

Wombats prefer to have a fresh water habitat (Dr Divljan , 2010)
The wombat is a grazer.

They eat after sunset and begin to graze for several hours. They will graze grasses, roots and bark (National Geographic, 2014)

There are many threats for the wombat these include wild dog and foxes.

Some wombats in captivity can suffer from: bacterial infections include diabetes, arthritis, cancer, asthma and pneumonia. (Dr Divljan , 2010)
Life Cycle
Australian Animals

Comparison to 6-ft (2m) man
An adult platypus weighs approximately .700 - 2.4 kgs.
Life Cycle
Australian Animals

Koalas live where there are an abundance of eucalyptus trees - Eastern Australia (National Geographic, 2014). They also choose habitats where other koalas live (Save the Koala, n.d., para. 2).
Koalas are herbivores and drink minimal water as they absorb hydration from their daily intake of approximately 1kg of eucalyptus leaves (National Geographic, 2014). Koalas have a special digestive system leaving them unharmed by the leaves' poison (National Geographic, 2014),

Koalas can survive on a diet of only eucalyptus leaves (Save the Koala, n.d., para. 1)
Each koala require about a hundred trees and as Australia’s woodlands continue to shrink, this becomes a pressing issue for Australia and Koalas (National Geographic, 2014)

Clearing land and eucalyptus trees means koalas will suffer from loss of habitat, increased disturbance, injury or death from traffic and cats/dogs, effects of pesticides, food and territory competition and increased stress making them more susceptible to disease (Save the Koala, n.d., para. 2).
Life Cycle
Australian Animals

Platypus mate when about 4 years old from August - November
1 - 3 eggs laid approximately 2 - 3 weeks after mating
Eggs are incubated underground for approximately 10 days
Juveniles are nursed until 3 - 4 months old and fed milk secreted on the Mother's belly
Platypus become adult at about 2 years of age and live an average of 17 years
The average length of a platypuses
head and body is 38 cms and their
tails are approximately 13 cms.
Males are heavier than females.
The image is a comparison of size
to a 2m person (National Geographic, 2014).
A herbivorous marine mammal, Dugongs feed solely on sea grass, with a nick name “sea cow”. Feasting in wide, shallow protected bays, mangrove channels, and amongst large inshore islands where sea grass beds occur (National Geographic, 2014).
Life Cycle
Female Dugongs first calf from between 10 -17 years old. Bearing one calve per cycle.
Gestation approximately 13 months.
Calves suckle for approximately
18 months
Mother and calve stay together for between 3 and 7 years until maturation.
50 - 70 years
(Environment.gov.au, 2014)
Comparison to 6-ft (2m) man
The Joey will leave the pouch at around 7 months old, but will continue to suckle until it reaches 12 months.
Life span up to 27 years.
They breed all year round. Females have one baby at a time.
The infant climbs into its mothers pouch. Gestation period is approximately
33 days.
Female Red Kangaroos have their first Joey between the ages of 15 to 24 months.
Females breed at 3-4 years of age (Save the Koala, n.d., para. 2)
After her 35 day pregnancy, the new joey is roughly 2cm long and weighs less than 1gram, hairless, blind and no ears (Save the Koala, n.d., para. 3).
The joey is carried in her pouch for 6 months after birth (National Geographic, 2014). The joey drinks the mothers milk and starts developing (Save the Koala, n.d., para. 5)
The joey then rides on its mothers back or belly and starts eating gum leaves (National Geographic, 2014)
Males travel longer distances, often injured in fights and occupy poorer habitat & females generally live longer than males (Save the Koala, n.d., para. 8)
Comparison to 6-ft (2m) man
An adult Koala weighs approximately
9kg and is 60-85cm long
(National Geographic, 2014)
Platypuses live mostly in solitude in fresh water rivers and water holes. They live in well hidden burrows on the banks of the water and are rarely seen (Iucnredlist.org, 2014).
Threats to the platypus are humans through agriculture, urbanisation and pollution, snakes, water rats, goannas, hawks, cats, owls and eagles (Platypus.asn.au, 2014).
Platypus eat annelid worms,
insect larvae, freshwater
shrimp and yabbies
(Platypus.asn.au, 2014).
(Steveroz, 2013)
(Etpison, n.d.)
(OSF/D. Fleetham/Animals Animals—Earth Scenes, n.d.)
(National Geographic, n.d - Dugong height comparison)
Dugong Main Image (Sozzani, R., 2004)
Habitat Map (National Geographic, n.d.)
Dugong Habitat
Adult Red Kangaroos can grow up to 1.4m with tail up to 1m. Males can weigh up to 92kg and females can weigh up to 39kg
Reference List

Australian Koala Foundation (n.d.).
Education Resources.
Retrieved 3 May, 2014 from https://www.savethekoala.com/about-koalas/education-resources

Australian Zoo (2014).
Mammals Red Kangaroo.

Retrieved 5 May, 2014 from https://www.australiazoo.com.au/our-animals/amazing-animals/mammals/?mammal=kangaroos&animal=red_kangaroo

Arkive (2014). [video].
Dugong London, UK
: BBC Natural History Unit.
Retrieved from http://www.arkive.org/dugong/dugong-dugon/video-00.html

Carter, L. (2014).
Red Kangaroo
Retrieved from http://australianmuseum.net.au/Red-Kangaroo#sthash.ITnpJcey.dpuf

Clifford, K. (2013).
$3.2m funding won't save koalas, says Coast conservationist
Retrieved 3 May, 2014 from http://www.sunshinecoastdaily.com.au/news/funding-fails-to-protect-koalas/1891854/

Divljan Dr Anja. (2010),
Common Wombat, Nature culture Discover
Retrieved from http://australianmuseum.net.au/Common-Wombat

Etpison, M. (n.d.).
Collage Dugong
Retrieved 3 May, 2014 from http://www.etpisonmuseum.org/images/projects/dugong.jpg

Environment.gov.au,. (2014).
Dugong dugon — Dugong.

Retrieved 10 May 2014, from http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/sprat/public/publicspecies.pl?taxon_id=28#life_cycle

Grant, T. (2004).
Matters of Life and Death.
Retrieved from http://www.platypus.asn.au/matters_of_life_and_death.html

Habitat Map. (n.d.). [Image]
Retrieved from http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/graphic/map-dugong-160-20036-cb1273172765.gif

Hoye, A. (n.d.).

Retrieved 8 May, 2014 from http://australianmuseum.net.au/Common-Wombat

Keiser, A. (n.d.).
Common Wombat
Retrieved 7 May, 2014 from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/wombat/

Iucnredlist.org,. (2014).
Ornithorhynchus anatinus
(Duck-billed Platypus, Platypus).
Retrieved 10 May 2014, from http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/summary/40488/0

Lunney, D. et al. (2014).
Ornithorhynchus anatinus.

Retrieved 10 May 2014 from http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/summary/40488/0

Map of Australia (n,a., n.d)
Retrieved 10 May 2014, from www.qhatlas.com.au/sites/default/files/imagecache/Large/img%202%20australia.jpg

Marsh, H. (2002). Dugong (1st ed.).
Nairobi, Kenya: United Nations Environment Programme.
Retrieved 10 May 2014 from http://www.unep.org/NairobiConvention/docs/dugong.pdf

Metzger, M. (2007).
Making Sense of Credibility on the Web: Models for Evaluating Online Information and Recommendations for Future Research
. Pages 2078 -2091.
Retrieved 10 May 2014 from Swinburne Library http://www.wiley.com.ezproxy.lib.swin.edu.au/
doi: 10.1002/asi

National Geographic,. (2014).
Dugongs, Dugong Pictures, Dugong Facts - National Geographic.
Retrieved 10 May 2014, from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com.au/animals/mammals/dugong/

National Geographic,. (2014).
Dugong Height Comparison
Retrieved May 5, 2014 from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com.au/animals/mammals/dugong/

National Geographic (2014) Koalas Height Comparison [Image]
Retrieved 3 May, 2014 from http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/graphic/size-koala-160-2766-cb1273160428.gif

National Geographic (2014) Koalas Range Map [Image].
Retrieved 3 May, 2014 from http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/graphic/map-koala-160-cb1273160428.gif

National Geographic (2014).

Retrieved 3 May, 2014 from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/koala/?source=A-to-Z

National Geographic (2014).
Platypus Height Comparison
Retrieved 7 May, 2014 from http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/graphic/size-platypus-160-2835-cb1273171934.gif

A wombat is born
after 30 days
6-10 months
in the pouch
Remain with the mother for 7 months (being 1-2 years old)
Live up to 11 years
(National Geographic, n.d - Red Kangaroo height comparison)
(Rootourism, 2014)
Red Kangaroo Main image (n.a, n.d)

Habitat map (n.a, n.d)
(Jean-Paul, F. 20114)
(Gerard, L. 2014)
(Ann & Steve, T. 2014)
sourced from : http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/wombat
Mating can last up to 30 mins
Comparison to 6-ft (2m) man
Size: 28 to 47 in (71 to 119 cm)
Weight: 32 to 80 lbs (15 to 36 kg)
(Carter, L. 2014).
(National Geographic, 2014)
(Stewart, S. 2012)
Red Kangaroos are herbivores, primarily grazing on grasses, forbs and shrubs. The herbage and foliage they eat provides them with their water needs, as well as their nutritional requirements. (National Geographic, 2014)

Our presentation represents five Australian animals; Dugong, Red Kangaroo, Platypus, Wombat and Koala. Each of these animals go into detail regarding their habitat, food, threats and life cycle in Australia. To research these animals, we chose a selection of credible online resources. Our primary resource was the National Geographic website as it met the criteria when assessing against citations, author identification, availability of external links, expertise and trustworthiness (Metzger, 2007).

Presented by Amanda Cameron, Rachel McGill, Rebekah Woulff, Niamh Bannon-Chatham, Meryem Sonmez

Australian Animals

Reference list continued:

National Geographic (2014).
Platypus Range Map
Retrieved 7 May, 2014 from http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/graphic/map-platypus-160-20148-cb1273171934.gif

National Geographic (2014).
Red Kangaroo.
Retrieved 5 May, 2014 from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com.au/animals/mammals/red-kangaroo/

National Geographic (2014).
Red Kangaroo Height Comparison
Retrieved 8 May, 2014 from http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/graphic/size-kangaroo-160-2758-cb1379339739.gif

National Geographic (2014).
Red Kangaroo Range Map
Retrieved 8 May, 2014 from http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/graphic/map-red-kangaroo-160-20163-cb1379339739.gif

National Geographic (2014).
Wombat Range Map
Retrieved 7 May, 2014 from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/wombat/

National Geographic (2014).
Wombat Range Map
Retrieved 7 May, 2014 from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/wombat/

OSF/D. Fleetham/Animals Animals—
Earth Scenes
,. (2014) [Image].
Retrieved 3 May, 2014 from http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/photos/000/005/cache/dugong_518_600x450.jpg

Parry, M. (2012).
Dugong feeding on sea grass
Retrieved May 5, 2014, from http://fineartamerica.com/featured/dugong-feeding-on-sea-grass-mike-parry.html

Platypus [Image]. (n.d.).
Retrieved 10 May, 2014 from http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-zKcHC8e9ijs/UQV2JTI6skI/AAAAAAAABcU/7OL7KvdynlM/s1600/platypus+(1).jpg

Platypus [Image]. (n.d.).
Retrieved 10 May, 2014 from http://www.zoo.org.au/sites/default/files/styles/zv_carousel_large/public/platypus-HS-animal-profile-web620.jpg?itok=vlgvXmwd

Platypus [Image]. (n.d.).
Retrieved 10 May, 2014 from http://www.mirror.co.uk/incoming/article2677866.ece/alternates/s2197/PLATYPUS-MAIN.jpg

Platypus [Image]. (2011).
Retrieved 10 May, 2014 from http://www.flickr.com/photos/55939209@N03/5405211164/

Platypus. (2014)
Retrieved from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com.au/animals/mammals/platypus/

Red Kangaroo [Image]. (2014).
Retrieved 7 May, 2014 from http://www.animalcorner.co.uk/wildlife/redkang.html

Red Kangaroo [Image]. (n.d.).
Retrieved 8 May, 2014 from http://www.arkive.org/red-kangaroo/macropus-rufus/image-G64910.html

Roo Tourisim. (2008).
The Red Kangaroo Trail.

Retrieved 5 May, 2014 from http://www.rootourism.com/fsheet34.htm

Taylor, M. (n.d.).
Retrieved 3 May, 2014 from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/koala/?source=A-to-Z

Sozzani, R. (2004).
Dugong main image.
Retrieved from http://www.robertosozzani.it/Dugong/images/dugongo01.JPG

Stewart, S. (2012).
Koality facts: 8 things you didn’t know about koala
s [Image].
Retrieved 3 May, 2014 from http://blog.queensland.com/2012/10/23/koality-facts-8-things-you-didnt-know-about-koalas/

Steveroz,. (2013).
Dugong and baby.
Retrieved 8May, 2014 from http://www.hdwpapers.com/thumbs/dugong_desktop_wallpaper_4-t2.jpg

Wombat [Image]. (2014).
Retrieved 8 May, 2014 from http://www.australiazoo.com.au/our-animals/animal-encounters/wombat-encounter.html

Wombat (2014)
Retrieved from : http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/wombat/

Wombat 2010 Common Wombat D Dr Anja Divljan , Technical Officer Last Updated: 19 October 2010
retrieved from http://australianmuseum.net.au/Common-Wombat

(Platypus, 2014)
(platypus-HS-animal-profile-web620, 2014)
(platypus-HS-animal-profile-web620, 2014)
(National Geographic, 2014)
Platypus Main Image (National Geographic, n.d.)
Habitat Map (National Geographic, n.d.)
Platypus Height Comparison (National Geographic, n.d.)
Australia Zoo, 2014
Australian Zoo, 2014
Hoyle, 2010
Kelser, 2010
(National Geographic, 2014)
Map of Australia (n.a, n.d.)
Map of Australia (n.a, n.d.)
Full transcript