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Cabaran Penyelidikan Sains Sosial

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Radziah Adam

on 28 July 2016

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Transcript of Cabaran Penyelidikan Sains Sosial

Social science & the challenges of the 21st century
A new concern with knowledge,
Top 10 social-science questions:
2. How do societies create effective and resilient institutions, such as governments?
Challenges for Social Sciences: Institutions & Economic Development
Why some countries are much poorer than others?
Unloved and sidelined: why are social sciences neglected by politicians?
Social sciences can help governments address important social and political challenges, but many academics feel their research is ignored.
“Scientificity” of Social Research: Its Challenges & Implications
In general, the concentration of the mainstream social research has been more on the scientific perspective. Observable facts, proven evidences, empirical and measurable evidences are the main manifestations of this scientific perspective. Such a “scientificity” has been developed through conventional research methodology. The problem is, could social research be an holistic research methodology only by concentrating on the scientific realm? If intangible realm such as spirituality is included, is the conventional research methodology posesses adequate tools of analysis in understanding the intangibles? This paper intends to answer these questions and observe the challenges and implications faced by the scientific perspective. For these purposes, a textual analysis will be adopted. It will be shown that scientificity of social research is not a sufficient way to understand an holistic Social Sciences. It is based on some of the challenges such as for instance the question of how to observe the unseen, and quantifying the unquantifiable.
Kaedah penyelidikan kritikal?
Selain kaedah positivisme & interpretivisme
Contoh Antropologi:
Studying the consequences of modernization on ethnic food patterns: Development of the Malaysian Food Barometer (MFB)
Projek tahun akhir (FYP) anda!
Cabaran Penyelidikan Sains Sosial
JKJ 203 Sesi WebEx #5: 9 April 2016
By: Dr. Radziah Adam, PPPJJ-USM
Source: www.spear.govt.nz/publications/spear-bulletin/2005/july-2005/2005-07-bulletin-social-science-and-the-challenges-of-the-21st-century.html
A greater recognition of the relevance
of social science
A desire for evidence-based action, and
to be involved in research
applying research skills in the real world and producing results that can stand up
as training grounds (research knowledge or skills) for social scientists in the future
1. How can we induce people to look after their health?
3. How can humanity increase its collective wisdom?
4. How do we reduce the ‘skill gap’ between black and white people in America?
5. How can we aggregate information possessed by individuals to make the best decisions?
6. How can we understand the human capacity to create and articulate knowledge?
7. Why do so many female workers still earn less than male workers?
8. How and why does the ‘social’ become ‘biological’?
9. How can we be robust against ‘black swans’ — rare events that have extreme consequences?
10. Why do social processes, in particular civil violence, either persist over time or suddenly change?
Source: http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110202/full/470018a.html
Despite spectacular growth in per capita incomes in much of the world during the 20th century, the gaps (in incomes & living standards) between rich & poor countries, rather than abating, have expanded.
This issue has been discussed in economics (see Acemoglu, 2009, for an overview), but the next step will require us to combine the insights and tools developed in economics with perspectives from other social sciences.
Source: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1888510
Source: http://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/2015/mar/11/unloved-and-sidelined-why-are-social-sciences-neglected-by-politicians
"The role of social scientists as independent, critical, thinkers is being eroded," Michael Billig, professor of social sciences, Loughborough University
"Politicians are happy to rely on anecdotal evidence rather than relevant social science research," Ruth Lister, social scientist
"It’s not about ivory towers or navel gazing, it’s about high quality research making a difference to people’s lives," Jon Glasby, Professor & Head of School of Social Policy, University of Birmingham,
to tackle difficult issues in a quantitative way, addressing problems from equality and wages to wars and health.
Source: http://www.mcser.org/journal/index.php/ajis/article/view/816
Source: http://www.ukm.my/jkom/journal/pdf_files/1987/3(1).pdf
Malaysian society is experiencing rapid urbanization and modernization. A sizeable new middle class has emerged and the traditional ways of life and eating habits of the different ethnic communities are changing. For many years, nutritional surveys have been capturing the transformations of food consumptions. To date no comprehensive survey focusing on the socio-cultural determinants of food habits at the national level have been reported. The Malaysian Food Barometer, a nationally representative with follow-up survey, intends to fill this gap. This article presents the conceptual framework and methodologies used to investigate the eating practices and cultural representations on food and eating in a multicultural context. It analyses the influence of modernization on social hierarchies and ethnic cultures, and ultimately on food eating patterns and food styles.
Source: https://aof.revues.org/7735
Source: http://www.slideshare.net/aitzahaddad/mass-communication-a-critical-approach
Mass communication: A critical, social scientific and cultural approach
PYQs:
http://eprints.usm.my/4754/1/Document-4576_Version-5005_application-pdf_0.pdf
ARTIKEL: Role of Social Sciences in Malaysian National Development
Full transcript