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Australian & USA Wines

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Yurii Konizhai

on 26 August 2014

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Transcript of Australian & USA Wines

From Vineyard to Bottle
Background and History
Aus
tra
lia
Australian & USA Wines
• Terroir
• Techniques of producing wine
• Quality of wine produce

Alluvial
Clay
Gravel
Marine
Loam
Volcanic
The best pH from 5.5 to 7.0 for growing grapes!
Major types of soil:
Chardonnay
Chenin Blanc
Gewurztraminer
Muscat
Muller-Thurgau
Pinot Blanc
Pinot Gris
Riesling
Sauvignon Blanc
Semillon
Viognier

Grape Varities:
Cabernet Franc
Cabernet Sauvignon
Gamay
Grenache
Merlot
Nebbiolo
Pinot Noir
Sangiovese
Syrah
Temranillo
Zinfandel

Grape Varities:
Hybrid

Grapes
White:
Seyval
Vidal
Vignoles
Traminette
Chardonel

Red:
De Chaunac
Baco Noir
Marechal Foch
Noiret
Frontenac
Geneva Double Curtain System
Lyre or Movable Wire Trellis
Vertical Trellis System
Impacts on Wine Quality
U
S
A
- Australia — 4th largest wine exporter in the world
- Producing 750 million litres annually
- Australians consume 530 million litres annually
-Australians wine regions are mostly in the south
-Australias Most famous wine is Penfolds Grange
- Wine producer for over 300 years
- California produces 89% of American wine
- USA — 4th largest wine producing country
- Producing 754 million Gallons (US) = 2,8 billion litres annually
- 1842 Nicholas Longworth was growing 1200 acres making the countries first sparkling wine
- Americas most famous wine is Merryvale
- The native grape ' Catawba ' was discovered in 1802 in Ohio
&
Margaret River
Yarra Valley
Best Vintages: 2004 and 2005
Barosa Valley
Clare Valley
Best Vintages: 2005 and 2006
Adelaide Hills
Barossa Valley
Canberra District
Clare Valley
Hunter Valley
Margaret River
Mclaren Vale
Mornington Peninsula
Southern Tasmania
Yarra Valley
Top 10 Regions of wine making
Napa Valley
Ozark Mountains
Willamette Valley
Columbia Gorge AVA
Niagara Escarpment
Monticello AVA
Davis Mountains
Lancaster County
Grand River Valley
Finger Lakes
Las Cruces
Palisade/Grand Valley
Best Vintages: 2007 and 2012
Native grapes:
Vitis labrusca
Vitis riparia
Vitis rotundifolia
Vitis vulpina
In 1788 Captain Arthur Phillip alighted at Sydney Cove importing Australia’s first grape vines from Brazil and the Cape of Good Hope.
ChanthidaThiphasane
Elizaveta Sokolova
El Lalous Maria Boulos
Nina Dereviziis
Yurii Konizhai

(309252)
(309059)
(309386)
(309107)
(309202)

Reference List:
a) Australian Government, Wells K (2007) Australia’s Wine Industry [Online] Available at: http://australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/australias-wine-industry [Accessed 18 August]
b) Decanter, Hooke H (2012) Australia’s top 10 white wine producers [Online] Available at: http://www.decanter.com/wine/reports/530402/australia-s-top-10-white-wine-producers#CWmCw64cD5kqqwKV.99 [Accessed 16 August]
c) Economist (2008) From quantity to quality [Online] Available at: http://www.economist.com/node/10926392 [Accessed 18 August]
d) EkhidnaWines (2014) Ekhidna McLaren Vale Cellar Door Available at: http://ekhidnawines.com.au/mclaren-vale-cellar-door/ [Accessed 23 August]
e) eRobertParker (2013) The Wine Advocate Vintage Guide (2012 - 1970) [Online] Available at: http://www.erobertparker.com/newsearch/vintagechart1.aspx [Accessed 16 August]
f) HewittVineyard (2014) The Timeline [Online] Available at: http://www.hewittvineyard.com/index.cfm?method=pages.showPage&pageid=ea3ffb8a-1cc4-fbb6-23c1-bf269f6c81bf [Accessed 24 August]
g) Penfolds (2014) About Penfolds [Online] Available at:https://www.penfolds.com/heritage-and-winemaking/about-penfolds [Accessed 24 August]
h) PNAS, Dickinson R (2012) Climate change, wine, and conservation [Online] Available at: http://www.pnas.org/content/110/17/6907.full [Accessed 21 August]
i)SFGate, Cochran A, (2014) The Best Soil Types to Grow Grapes [Online] Available at: http://homeguides.sfgate.com/soil-types-grow-grapes-48928.html [Accessed 20 August]
j) USA Today, Weise E (2011) Study: Climate change to impact where wine grapes can grow [Online] Available at: http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/weather/climate/story/2011-10-06/climate-change-could-impact-wine-growing-regions/50682188/1 [Accessed 20 August]
k) Winegeeks, Brown S (2014) The World’s Top 10 Wine Soils [Online] Available at: http://www.winegeeks.com/articles/139 [Accessed 18 August]
l) Wine Tours Australia & New Zealand (2014) Wine Regions [Online] Available at: http://www.winetoursaustralia-nz.com/AusWineRegions.html [Accessed 20 August]
m) WineBiz (2005) Vintage Report Details [Online] Available at: http://www.winebiz.com.au/vintage/details.asp?RECORD_KEY=Code&Code=504 [Accessed 22 August]
n) Wine-Searcher (2014) Australian Wine [Online] Available at: http://www.wine-searcher.com/regions-australia [Accessed 20 August]

Question & Answer Time
The French term "terroir" refers to a very specific combination of microgeological-climate effects influencing the grapevine so as to produce a distinguishing flavour, color and aroma in the grape that is unique in making wine from that region.
Rocky Soil, Well drained Volcanic Soil, Good mix of clay and Organic Matter
plants grow well between 30-50 degrees latitude
(Jenster. 2008)
hot
cool
plant must be 5 years old
(Jenster, 2008)
Artisan Oak Barrels
Specific Yeast
Craftsmanship
TRADITION
CLIMATE
SOIL
Insect habitat
other flora
East West Sunshine
TERRAIN
evelation
Good Drainage
slope
Founded in 1844
Since 1880
Since 1951 become a Australia's iconic wine
Historic blends, significant milestones and heritage vineyards have been honoured by a lineage of custodians
High quality grower fruit is an important part that makes Penfolds exclusive
Rutherford, Napa Valley
The inaugural release of Hewitt Vineyard is its 2001 vintage Cabernet Sauvignon.
Hewitt Cabernet Sauvignon Rutherford 2010 (92$ per bottle)
“We select only the best fruit to go into Hewitt Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon,” says Rinaldi
Napa Valley
Grand River Valley
Columbia George AVA
"We must not be afraid to put into effect the strength of our own convictions, continue to use our imagination in winemaking generally, and be prepared to experiment in order to gain something extra, different and unique in the world of wine."
Max Schubert, former Chief Winemaker and creator of Grange
168 000 AUD
1 600 AUD
Full transcript